Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Country profiles

The European Union
Co-financed by the European Union

This series of country profiles describe how countries have reacted to COVID-19 and specifically: (i) measures enacted by governments to contain the spread of the virus; (ii) policies to stabilize the functioning of agri-food systems; (iii) potential effects of policies on agri-food systems and vulnerable groups. Finally, they also assess longer-term options for agri-food system policies and investments so as to make them more resilient. 

The series has been produced by the network of policy officers of the Food and nutrition security Impact, Resilience, Sustainability and Transformation (FIRST) Programme, in close collaboration with country governments, FAO representations and European Union Delegations. In some countries, FIRST has joined forces with the Global Network against Food Crises.

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Systémes agroalimentaires nationaux et la covid-19 en Côte D’Ivoire

La pandémie de la covid-19 a mis une pression importante sur les systèmes de santé du monde entier. Les mesures draconiennes mises en place pour contenir sa propagation créent de sérieux obstacles à l'activité économique (y compris aux systèmes agroalimentaires) et, par conséquent, aux moyens de subsistance, à la sécurité alimentaire et à la nutrition.

La Côte d’Ivoire a adopté des mesures de confinement partiel qui se rapprochent de celles prises par des pays africains de même niveau de développement et de situation épidémiologique proche. 

Sistemas agroalimentarios nacionales y COVID-19 en Guatemala

La República de Guatemala fue uno de los países de América Latina más tardíamente afectados por la pandemia provocada por el coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. El primer caso positivo de la enfermedad COVID-19 se detectó el 13 de marzo de 2020 en un pasajero guatemalteco que retornaba con su familia por vía aérea de un viaje a Europa. No obstante, las primeras medidas adoptadas por el Gobierno anteceden este hecho por varias semanas. Tan temprano como el 31 de enero, un día después de que la Organización Mundial de Salud (OMS) emitiera una alerta sanitaria internacional por la pandemia, el Presidente de la República inició con la aplicación de medidas preventivas. Desde entonces, la gestión de la pandemia ha pasado por al menos tres etapas distintas, definidas a partir del tipo de medidas de contención y de las medidas económicas adoptadas.

Systèmes agricoles et alimentaires et la covid-19 au Tchad

Pour limiter la propagation de l’épidémie de la covid-19, le Gouvernement du Tchad a pris plusieurs mesures restrictives. Au fil de l’amélioration de la situation sanitaire mais également des répercussions sur les conditions de vie de la population, des évolutions notables ont été constatées.

National agrifood systems and COVID-19 in Pakistan

When the first coronavirus case was reported in Pakistan in late February 2020, the provincial governments, followed by the federal government, imposed a strict nation-wide lockdown. All non-essential sectors (i.e. other than food and health) were closed. Food and medicine were only available from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. Inter- and intra-city/province transport was completely banned; religious and other gatherings were prohibited; domestic and international flights were suspended; and international borders were closed in an attempt to curb the spread of the virus. After two months of strict lockdown, active cases in Pakistan had fallen below projections and the governments decided to ease the lockdown. The following provides details of the policy measures taken by the federal and provincial governments from early May until the end of June 2020.

National agrifood systems and COVID-19 in Palestine

Palestine is a lower-middle income economy with a GDP per capita of USD 3 072 USD in 2017 (constant prices 2015) and a population, in 2018, of 4.92 million people, 1.96 million of whom live in the Gaza Strip and 2.95 million in the West Bank (PCBS, 2019). The Palestinian territories are under Israeli occupation and are characterized by a fragile security situation; there are numerous restrictions on the movement of people and goods and on access to natural resources and markets.

The COVID-19 crisis hit Palestine in early March 2020 when the first cases of the virus were confirmed. This triggered the declaration of a state of emergency by the Palestinian Prime Minister and the imposition of restrictions to contain the spread of the virus.

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