THE STATE OF WORLD FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE 2006

ISSN 1020-5489

THE STATE OF WORLD FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE 2006

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FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2007

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© FAO 2007

CONTENTS

Foreword pdf

Acknowledgements

Glossary

PART 1
WORLD REVIEW OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
pdf

Fisheries resources: trends in production, utilization and trade

Overview

Capture fisheries production

Aquaculture

Fishers and fish farmers

The status of the fishing fleet

The status of fishery resources

Fish utilization

Consumption

Trade

Governance and policy

Notes

PART 2
SELECTED ISSUES IN FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
pdf

The Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries: moving into the second decade of implementation

The issues

Possible solutions

Recent actions

Outlook

Sustainable growth and expansion of aquaculture: an ecosystem approach

The issue

Possible solutions

Recent developments

Outlook

The allocation of fishing rights: an evolving issue

The issue

Possible solutions

Recent developments

Outlook and future perspective

Impact of market-based standards and labels on international fish trade

The issue

Possible solutions

Recent actions

Future perspective

HIV and AIDS in fishing communities: a public health issue but also a fisheries development and management concern

The issue

Possible solutions

Recent actions

Outlook

Notes

PART 3
HIGHLIGHTS OF SPECIAL STUDIES
pdf

Rehabilitation of riverine habitat for fisheries

Introduction

General principles

Methods for rehabilitation

Conclusion

Responsible fish trade and food security

Background

Main findings of the study

Trash or treasure? Low-value/trash fish from marine fisheries in the Asia–Pacific region

Introduction

Production of low-value/trash fish

Uses of low-value/trash fish

Issues associated with low-value/trash fish

Priority areas for further work

Conservation and management of shared fish stocks: legal and economic aspects

Some key issues

Transboundary fish stocks

Straddling and highly migratory fish stocks

Discrete high seas stocks

Marine capture fisheries management in the Indian ocean: status and trends

Introduction

Methodology

Ocean-wide trends

Summary and conclusions

Refuelling the fishing fleet

The issue

Simulation of economic performance

Impact on the public sector

Long-term fuel prospects (beyond petroleum)

Conclusions

Causes of detentions and rejections in international fish trade

Introduction

Relative frequency of border cases by importing region

Categories of border cases: patterns and trends

Performance of exporters, grouped by continents, in major markets

Economic implications of border cases

Conclusions and recommendations

Notes

PART 4
OUTLOOK
pdf

Introduction

Revisiting global projections

Medium-term challenges and constraints for aquaculture

Notes

TABLES

Table 1

World fisheries and aquaculture production and utilization

Table 2

World fisheries and aquaculture production and utilization, excluding China

Table 3

Inland capture fishery production by economic class

Table 4

Top ten aquaculture producers of food fish supply: quantity and emerging growth

Table 5

World aquaculture production: average annual rate of growth for different species groups

Table 6

Top ten species groups in aqualculture production: quantity and emerging growth

Table 7

World fishers and fish farmers by continent

Table 8

Number of fishers and fish farmers in selected countries

Table 9

Powered fishing fleets in selected countries

Table 10

Total and per capita food fish supply by continent and economic grouping in 2003

Table 11

Top ten exporters and importers of fish and fishery products

Table 12

International river basins and management frameworks by continent

Table 13

Specific conditions of aquatic habitats important for the rehabilitation of fisheries

Table 14

Common categories of habitat rehabilitation and examples of common actions

Table 15

Estimations of annual low-value/trash-fish production in the Asia–Pacific region

Table 16

Basic data on the largest Indian Ocean fisheries by subsector

Table 17

Fuel costs as a percentage of the revenue from fish landed, developing and developed countries

Table 18

Fuel costs as a percentage of the revenue landed by type of fishing gear, developing and developed countries

Table 19

Performance of continents in exporting to the European Union, Canada and Japan

Table 20

Estimated quantity and value of border cases for Japan

Table 21

Fish production in 2004 and projections for 2010 and later

FIGURES

Figure 1

World capture and aquaculture production

Figure 2

World fish utilization and supply, excluding China

Figure 3

World capture fisheries production

Figure 4

Marine and inland capture fisheries: top ten producer countries in 2004

Figure 5

Capture fisheries production: principal marine fishing areas in 2004

Figure 6

Marine capture fisheries production: top ten species in 2004

Figure 7

Inland capture fisheries by continent in 2004

Figure 8

Inland capture fisheries: top ten producer countries in 2004

Figure 9

Inland capture fisheries: major species groups in 2004

Figure 10

Aquaculture production by regional grouping in 2004

Figure 11

Trends in world aquaculture production: major species groups

Figure 12

World aquaculture production: major species groups in 2004

Figure 13

World aquaculture production of fish, crustaceans and molluscs in 2004: breakdown by environment

Figure 14

Aquaculture production in inland and marine waters

Figure 15

Distribution of decked fishing vessels by continent

Figure 16

Age distribution of fishing vessels and fish carriers above 100 GT operational at the end of 2005

Figure 17

Distribution of shipbuilding areas for vessels registered in regions

Figure 18

Capture fisheries production in marine areas

Figure 19

Global trends in the state of world marine stocks since 1974

Figure 20

Utilization of world fisheries production (breakdown by quantity), 1964–2004

Figure 21

Utilization of world fisheries production (breakdown by quantity), 2004

Figure 22

Total protein supply by continent and major food group

Figure 23

Fish as food: per capita supply

Figure 24

Contribution of fish to animal protein supply

Figure 25

Relative contribution of aquaculture and capture fisheries to food fish consumption

Figure 26

World fishery exports by major commodity groups

Figure 27

Share of world fisheries production destined for exports

Figure 28

Net exports of selected agricultural commodities by developing countries

Figure 29

Imports and exports of fish and fishery products for different regions, indicating net deficit or surplus

Figure 30

Trade flows by continent

Figure 31

Shrimp prices in Japan and the United States of America

Figure 32

Skipjack tuna prices in Africa and Thailand

Figure 33

Groundfish prices in the United States of America

Figure 34

Cephalopod prices in Japan

Figure 35

Fishmeal and soybean meal prices in Germany and the Netherlands

Figure 36

Estimated HIV prevalence and number of people infected among subpopulations considered at higher than average risk for HIV in two African and two Asian countries

Figure 37

Vertical slot fish pass, Iffezheim, River Rhine, France/Germany

Figure 38

International trade in fishery products: impact on food security in low-income food-deficit countries

Figure 39

The “low-value/trash-fish loop”, where increasing demand sustained by increasing prices drives increased fishing and resource degradation

Figure 40

Production flows in the Asia–Pacific region, by major categories of fish

Figure 41

Technical measures for fisheries management in use in the Indian Ocean countries

Figure 42

Diesel prices, United States of America, 2002–06

Figure 43

Global consumption of oil by sector, 1973 and 2004

Figure 44

Simplified representation of some oil-peaking scenarios by a number of experts in 2006

Figure 45

Past, current and projected world oil production, by source

Figure 46

Total border cases relative to import quantities for the European Union, the United States of America, Canada and Japan, 1992–2002

Figure 47

Relative frequency of border cases for the European Union, the United States of America, Canada and Japan

BOXES

Box 1

Fishery development phases of oceanic species

Box 2

FAO’s role in promoting cooperation for more effective governance.

Box 3

1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement Review Conference

Box 4

Ethical issues in fisheries

Box 5

Information to support implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries

Box 6

Introducing and promoting fisheries co-management

Box 7

Strengthening national capacity to combat IUU fishing

Box 8

Risk analysis

Box 9

Alien species in fisheries and aquaculture

Box 10

What makes women in fishing communities vulnerable to HIV/AIDS?

Box 11

The FAO strategy on chronic diseases

Box 12

Low-value/trash fish: a definition

Box 13

Low-value/trash-fish prices


Notes: Unless otherwise stated, the source of data for the figures and tables is FAO. Data for China do not include Taiwan Province of China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region.