Technical Project Review Document (1991-2002)

The Project "Afforestation, Forestry Research, Planning and Development in the Three North Region of China" - GCP/CPR/009/BEL - known locally as the "009 Project", is jointly financed by the Governments of Belgium and China, with Technical Assistance by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Its activities are concentrated on the Korqin Sandy Lands in northeastern Inner Mongolia, a sub-region of the Three-North Shelterbelt Program. Its action field covers parts of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and of the Provinces of Jilin and Liaoning. The Project resorts under the State Forestry Administration through the Three North Bureau.

The aim of this Project Technical Review is to document the achievements of the Project and to identify weaknesses and problem-areas that still remain to be tackled. It is also meant to disseminate results and assist planning of futher applied research.

This Project Technical Review Document is the main document presented and discussed during the Conference on the Project's results, held at the City of Tongliao, Inner Mongolia, in August 2002.

Table of content

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FAO 2002

Table of content


I. Project Background
1. 1 Introduction
1. 2 The First Phase
1. 3 The Second Phase
1. 4 Project Implementation
1. 5 Technical Support Institutes

II. Natural history and topography of Korqin Sandy Lands
2. 1 Sandsheet Deposition
2. 2 Deflation and Sandsheet Remodelling
2. 3 Natural Revegetation and Topsoil Formation
2. 4 Historical Desertification
2. 5 Topography

III. The Physical and Biological Environment of the  Korqin Sandy Lands
3. 1. Climate
3. 2. Soils
3. 3. Vegetation

IV. Socio-economic characteristics of the Region


I. Poplar Introduction and Improvement
1. 1 Ex-situ conservation of Populus simonii
1. 2. Short-Term Clonal Selection Programme
1. 3 Tree Breeding (Long-Term Poplar Improvement Programme) P. simonii
1. 4 Securing of the Field Stands of the New Clones

2. Conifer Introduction, Selection and Afforestation
2. 1 History of Conifers in Korqin
2. 2 Conifer species introductions by the Project
2. 3 Species and provenances' comparison
2.4. Nursery techniques
2. 5 Conifer afforestation on the sandy lands

3. Contribution to broad-leaved species cultivation: trees and shrubs
3. 1 Nursery Trials and seed-treatments applied
3. 2 Afforestation Trials
3. 3 Preliminar conclusions regarding broad-leaved species trials

4. 1 Poplar nursery techniques
4. 2 Deep-planting techniques
4. 3 Costs

5. Advances in Mechanised Afforestation
5. 1. Development of the Mechanised Auger Planter
5. 2. Development of the Medium depth planter

6. Advances in Agro-forestry
6. 1 Description
6. 2 Results
6. 3 Social and economic benefits

7. Summary of Other Studies by the Project
7. 1. Land use classification map (1:200,000)
7. 2. Site classification map (1:50,000)
7. 3. Research on revegetation and management of shifting sandy dunes
7. 4. Sand-dune based greenhouses
7. 5. Studies on Elm in the Korqin
7. 6. Elm and Willow Ex-situ gene-conservation
7. 7. Study on P. simonii
7. 8 Pests and Diseases of Poplar, Elm and Willow

8. Databases

9. Training and extension
9. 1 In-service Training
9. 2 Fellowships
9. 3. Studytours
9. 4 Participation to Conferences
9. 5 Publications

10. Description and Financial Analysis of the Land-Use Models Developed By Project
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Description and financial analysis of the Models
10.3. Agro-Forestry Models

10.4. Productive Plantations Models

10.5. Re-vegetation Models

11. Remaining Problems: an overview

11. Conclusions

12. Recommendations and Follow-up Requirements

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