Lowland and Grasslands of Europe:

Utilization and Developement



Table of Contents

Compiled by
George Fisher and Bodil Frankow-Lindberg
(Liaison and Project Officers)

FAO / CIHEAM
Interregional and Cooperative Research and Development Network on Pastures and Fodder Crop Production

Lowland Grasslands Subnetwork

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2002

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission, should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing and Multimedia Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to copyright@fao.org

© FAO 2002


Table of Contents


INTRODUCTION

PLENARY PAPERS

GRASSLANDS IN GALICIA - J. Piñeiro and A. González
EFFECTS OF DROUGHT STRESS AND WINTER STRESS ON THE PERSISTENCE OF WHITE CLOVER - R.P. Collins
INTERCROPPING AND BICROPPING WITH WHITE CLOVER - G. Bergkvist and R.O. Clements

CONTRIBUTED PAPERS GRASSLAND AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABILITY

EFFECT OF SEMI-EXTENSIVE PASTURE MANAGEMENT ON ITS BOTANICAL COMPOSITION AND ANIMAL PRODUCTION - M. Michalec, M. Zimková and O. Jezíková
ORGANIC FERTILIZATION ON HIGHLAND PASTURES - A. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, R. Mosquera-Losada and L. Díaz-López
USE OF SEWAGE SLUDGE IN REAL FARMS - A. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, R. Mosquera-Losada and L. Andrade-Couce
USE OF FIRST NITROGEN AS A COMPLEMENT OF ORGANIC FERTILIZATION IN MIXED PRAIRIES - R. Mosquera-Losada, A. Rigueiro-Rodríguez, and M. López-López
COMPARISON OF DENITRIFICATION IN TWO AGRICULTURAL CATCHMENTS - Mª.T. Taboada Castro, J. Dafonte Dafonte, A. Diéguez Villar, Mª.M. Taboada Castro, and Mª B. López Mosquera
PORE SPACE ORGANIZATION AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF GRASSLAND AND CULTIVATED SOILS - Mª.J. Fernández Rueda and A. Paz González
RESIDUAL EFFECT OF DAIRY SLUDGES AS FERTILIZER ON NW SPAIN TREE COVER GRASSLAND PRODUCTION - E. Carral, C. Moirón and E. López Mosquera
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF FLORISTIC DIVERSITY IN SOWN GRASSLANDS AND PERMANENT PASTURES FROM GALICIA (NORTHWEST SPAIN) - M.I. Fraga, L.R. Calvo and J.C. Baleato
INFLUENCE OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND AGRONOMIC FACTORS IN THE BOTANICAL COMPOSITION OF PASTURES FROM GALICIA (NW SPAIN) - M.I. Fraga, J.C. Baleato and L.R. Calvo
LONG-TERM BOTANICAL CHANGES IN CUT AND GRAZED GRASSLAND IN THE CONTINENTAL SUBARCTIC REGION OF NORWAY - M. Jorgensen and M. Pestalozzi
EFFECT OF NUTRIENT INPUT ON THE SUSTAINABILITY OF SWARD COMPOSITION AND ANIMAL PRODUCTIVITY - D.A. Davies, C.T. Morgan and M. Fothergill
TYPICAL MISTAKES MADE BY POLISH FARMERS INCLUDED IN THE SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE PROJECT J. Labedowicz, E. Majewski and P. Stypinski

WHITE CLOVER GENERAL

PRODUCTIVITY AND COEXISTENCE OF WHITE CLOVER AND GRASSES GROWN IN BINARY MIXTURES - A. Adamovich
EVALUATION OF A EUROPEAN RYEGRASS CORE COLLECTION: RESULTS OF THE FIRST YEAR OF EVALUATION IN GALICIA - J.A. Oliveira and A. Gonzalez
INCREASING THE WHITE CLOVER SYMBIOTIC N2 FIXATION ACTIVITY - A. Selge and S. Higuchi
EUROPEAN FARMS FOR EFFECTIVE CLOVER TECHNOLOGY. EU PROJECT PL97-3819, ACRONYM “EFFECT” - T.A. Stewart
CULTIVATION OF INDUSTRIAL CROPS AS A RENEWABLE RESOURCE ON LOWLAND MOORS - G. Schalitz, M. Fechner, A. Behrendt and K.-D. Robowsky
WHITE CLOVER-GRASS PASTURE YIELD AND ITS QUALITY VARIATION DURING THE FIRST FOUR USING YEARS - Z. Kadziuliene
DYNAMICS OF DM ACCUMULATION AND FEEDING VALUE OF THE FIRST CYCLE OF GROWTH OF SOME ASSOCIATIONS OF GRASSES WITH WHITE CLOVER - I. Razec, Maria Razec and G. Oprea
INFLUENCE OF SOME HERBACEOUS SPECIES ON GERMINATION AND EARLY GROWTH OF WHITE CLOVER - T. Kotnik and T. Vidrih
PERSISTENCY AND PRODUCTIVITY OF LEGUMES IN THE PASTURE SWARD ON BLACK SOIL AND PEAT-MUCK SOIL - M. Warda

PERSISTENCY OF WHITE CLOVER

SCREENING INDIGENOUS WHITE CLOVER POPULATIONS IN NORTHERN AREAS FOR BREEDING PURPOSES - A. Helgadottir, A. Larsen, P. Marum, E. Lindvall and E. Miettinen
LEGUME AND GRASS DENSITY UNDER VARIOUS TREATMENTS IN A MEDITERRANEAN GRASSLAND IN MACEDONIA, NORTHERN GREECE - T. Merou and V.P. Papanastasis
PERFORMANCE OF LEGUME GRASS ASSOCIATION IN THE FIELD UNDER DROUGHT AND CUTTING CONDITIONS - M. Lazaridou, M. Vrahnakis and B. Noitsakis
GENETIC VARIATION IN A NORWEGIAN GERMPLASM COLLECTION OF WHITE CLOVER (TRIFOLIUM REPENS L.) - M. Aasmo Finne
INTERACTION BETWEEN WHITE CLOVER AND DIFFERENT RHIZOBIUM STRAINS IN TWO SOIL TYPES IN ICELAND - I.-L. Fagerli, J. Gudmundsson, P. Leinonen and M.M. Svenning
IMPACT OF INVERTEBRATE ROOT HERBIVORY ON N FLUXES IN WHITE CLOVER - P.J. Murray, D.J. Hatch and J.B. Cliquet
PERSISTENCE OF WHITE CLOVER UNDER CATTLE GRAZING - A. Elgersma and H. Schlepers
THE EFFECT OF CUTTING HEIGHT AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ON THE PERFORMANCE OF A GRASS/CLOVER SWARD - R.L.M. Schils and K. Sikkem
INVESTIGATION OF AGRONOMIC IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTIVARS AND POPULATIONS OF WHITE CLOVER (TRIFOLIUM REPENS L.) IN AGROECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF SERBIA - Z. Lugic, S. Ignjatovic, D. Lazarevic and J. Radovic
POPULATION DYNAMICS OF STAGGERED SOWING OF WHITE CLOVER IN YOUNG SWARDS - M. Fothergill, D.A. Davies and C.T. Morgan
FACTORS AFFECTING THE PERSISTENCE OF WHITE CLOVER IN A NORTHERN MARGINAL ENVIRONMENT - A. Helgadóttir, B. Orradóttir, H. Björnsson J. Hermannsson and T.A. Kristjánsdóttir
EFFECTS OF ADAPTATION TO WINTER STRESS ON BIOMASS PRODUCTION AND MORPHOLOGY OF THREE CONTRASTING WHITE CLOVER CULTIVARS - Bodil, E. Frankow-Lindberg
YIELD FORMATION AND NUTRITIVE VALUE OF FOUR WHITE CLOVER CULTIVARS IN RELATION TO CLIMATE - S. Puzio, A. Kornher and F. Taube
OVERWINTERING AND SPRING GROWTH OF FOUR WHITE CLOVER CULTIVARS - S. Puzio, A. Kornher and F. Taube
MILK PRODUCTION IN ROTATION GRAZING WITH THE MINIMUM ADDITION OF CONCENTRATES IN THE COASTAL AREA OF CANTABRIA (SPAIN) - G. Salcedo Diaz

UTILISATION BY GRAZING - NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF SECONDARY GRASS SPECIES AND FORBS

PROTEIN DEGRADABILITY IN PRAIRIES FOR ROTATIONAL GRAZING IN THE COAST OF CANTABRIA AND ITS PREDICTION - G. Salcedo Diaz
USE OF NEAR INFRARED REFLECTANCE SPECTROSCOPY (NIRS) FOR FORAGE ANALYSIS - P. Castro
EFFECTS OF DAIRY-INDUSTRY SLUDGE FERTILIZATION ON MIXED FIELD PRODUCTION AND ON BOTANICAL COMPOSITION - M.E. López Mosquera, C. Moirón and E. Carral
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF SPECIES-RICH PASTURES - M. Pinto, G. Besga and M. Rodríguez
POTENTIAL FORAGE PRODUCTION AND UFL NUTRITIVE VALUE OF A MIXED SWARD UNDER SEVERAL CUTTING REGIMES IN THE SECOND YEAR OF PRODUCTION - J. Alvira Siero and M.J. Sáinz Osés
A SURVEY OF FORAGE QUALITY IN RELATION TO FLORISTIC COMPOSITION ON LOWLANDS PASTURES IN NW OF GALICIA (NW SPAIN) - l.R. Calvo, A. Gonzalez and M.I. Fraga
GRAZING CHOICE BY SHEEP:CONTROLLED BY PLANT SPECIES OR HEIGHT? - G.T. Barthram, E.I. Duff and G.R. Bolton
MILK UREA CONTENT ON SUPPLEMENTED GRAZING DAIRY COWS IN GALICIA - A. González Rodríguez and O.P. Vázquez Yáñez
ESTIMATION OF WHITE CLOVER AND GRASS INTAKE IN GRAZING LAMBS - R. Sormunen-Cristian and P. Nykänen-Kurki
FLUCTUATIONS IN WHITE CLOVER CONTENT OF SHEEP GRAZED SWARDS - M. Fothergill, D.A. Davies and C.T. Morgan

SUSTAINABLE PASTURES PROJECT MAILING AND MEMBERSHIP LIST