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Appendix 1

Chairman Dr. R. Morandini (Italy) Vice-Chairman Dr. F. Ng (Malaysia)

AustraliaDr.J.W. TurnbullAlternateAustralia
Division of Forest Research
Mr. J.C. Doran
Division of Forest Research
P.O. Box 4008
Canberra A.C.T. 2600
P.O. Box 4008
Canberra A.C.T. 2600
BrazilDr. M. FerreiraAlternateChile
Sr. R. Delmastro
Caixa Postal No. 9
Universidad Austral de Chile
Piracicaba, Sao Paulo State 13400
Casilla 567 UACH
CanadaDr. C.W. YeatmanAlternateCanada
Canadian Forestry Service
Dr. E.K. Morgenstern
Petawawa National Forestry Institute
Faculty of Forestry
Chalk River
University of New Brunswick
Ontario KOJ 1JO
Fredericton N.B.
ChinaDr. Pan Chih-KangAlternateChina
The Arboretum
Dr. Z.S. Zhu
Chinese Academy of Forestry
Forest Research Institute
Wan Shou Shan
Kwangtung Province
Sha Ho
DenmarkMr. H. KeidingAlternateDenmark
Mr. H. Barner
DK - 2970 Hørsholm
Stattskovenes Planteavlsstation
DK - 3050 Humlebaek
FinlandDr. M. HagmanAlternateSweden
Forest Research Institute
Mr. P. Krutzsch
Forest Tree Breeding Station
SF - 01590 Maisala
S - 55183 Jököping
FranceM. M. CorbassonAlternateFrance
Centre technique forestier tropical
M. C. Cossalter
45bis Avenue de la Belle Gabrielle
Centre technique forestier tropical
F-94130 Nogent-sur-Marne
45bis Avenue de la Belle Gabrielle
F-94130 Nogent-sur-Marne
HondurasSr. O. Ochoa M.AlternateGuatemala
Banco de Semillas
Sr. O. Vinicio
Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Forestales
Banco de Semillas Forestales
Corporación Hondureña de Desarrollo Forestal
Instituto Nacional Forestal
Siguatepeque, Comayagua
7a Avenida 7-00, zona 13
Ciudad de Guatemala
IndiaMr. R. C. GhoshAlternateIndia
3 Bengali Library Road
I.F.S. Madan Gopal
Dehra Dun - 248001 U.P.
Indo-Danish project on Seed Procurement and Tree Improvement
Indian Forest Service
State Forest Department Buildings
Hyderabad 500 004 A.P.
ItalyDr. R. MorandiniAlternateGreece
Istituto Sperimentale per la Selvicoltura
Prof. C.P. Panetsos
I-52100 Arezzo
Laboratory of Forest Genetics
School of Agriculture and Forestry
Aristotelian University
KenyaMr. J. A. OderaAlternateMalawi
Kenya Forest Department
Mr. R.S.W. Nkonja
P.O. Box 74
Department of Forestry
Forestry Research Institute of Malawi
P.O. Box 270
MalaysiaDr. F. NgAlternateThailand
Forest Research Institute
Dr. S. Bhumibhamon
Kepong, Selangor
Faculty of Forestry
Kasetsart University
Bangkok 10903
MexicoIng. F. Patiño V.AlternateMexico
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales
Ing. L.J. Maldonado A.
Centro de Investigaciones Forestales del Noreste
Av. Progreso, 5
Coyoacán 21 D.F.
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales
A.P. 150
Saltillo, Coahuola 25260
NigeriaMr. G.O.A. OjoAlternateIvory Coast
Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria
M. K. Diabate
Centre technique forestier tropical
P.M.B. 5054
B.P. 8033
United KingdomMr. R. H. KempAlternateUnited Kingdom
Overseas Development Administration
Mr. P.J. Wood
Commonwealth Forestry Institute
Eland House
Stag Place
University of Oxford
London SW1E 5DH
South Parks Road
OX1 3RB Oxford

Appendix 2


Fifth Session

Rome 8 – 11 December 1981

  1. Opening of the Meeting

  2. Election of Chairman and Vice-Chairman

  3. Adoption of Agenda

  4. Progress since 4th Session of Panel (March 1977)

    1. Statements by individual members
    2. FAO Regular Programme
    3. FAO/UNEP Project on the Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources
    4. FAO/IBPGR Project on Genetic Resources of Tree Species for the Improvement of Rural Living in Arid and Semi-arid Areas
    5. Other international activities

  5. Summarized review of Global Programme for the Improved Use of Forest Genetic Resources

  6. Revision of priorities for future action

    1. Regional priorities
    2. Operational priorities
      1. Conservation
      2. Exploration, collection, evaluation
      3. Utilization
    3. Species priorities (Group Work)

  7. Summary recommendations on regional, operational and species priorities

  8. Proposals for FAO Regular Programme activities

  9. Proposals for other projects

  10. Miscellaneous

    1. Future of the Panel
    2. Other business

  11. Closing of the meeting

Appendix 3

InstituteAmount (US$)Purpose
US Forest Tree Seed Centre, Macon 2 000Seed of N. American species for developing countries
ENGREF1, France3 000Frost-hardy Eucalyptus species
CFI2, U.K.8 000Central American conifers and hardwoods
Office of Forests, Papua New Guinea5 000Araucaria, Eucalyptus and Acacia species
CSIRO3, Australia7 000Eucalyptus and Acacia species
8 000
CTFT4, France8 000West African hardwoods
Forest Dept., Nicaragua5 000P.caribaea, P. oocarpa for conservation/evaluation
Forest Dept., Belize 1 800P. caribaea, P. oocarpa for conservation/evaluation
COHDEFOR5, Honduras5 000P. caribaea, P. oocarpa for conservation/evaluation
Forest Dept., Indonesia3 500Tropical Acacia species
INIF6, Mexico8 000Dry area Prosopis & Atriplex sp.
CONAF7, Chile8 700Dry area Prosopis, Acacia and Atriplex species
INFOR8, Peru5 000Dry area Prosopis & Capparis sp.
Agr.Res.Centre, P.D.R. Yemen5 000Dry area Prosopis & Acacia sp.
Forestry Res. Inst., Sudan3 000Dry area Acacia species
CNRF9, Senegal7 000Dry area Acacia species
Land Development Authority, Israel3 000Dry area Acacia species
TOTALUS$96 000         

1 Ecole Nationale du Genie Rural des Eaux et des Forêts, Nancy
2 Commonwealth Forestry Institute, Oxford
3 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Canberra
4 Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Nogent-sur-Marne
5 Corporación Hondureña de Desarrollo Forestal, Siguatepeque
6 Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales, Mexico City
7 Corporación Nacional Forestal, Santiago
8 Instituto Nacional Forestal y de Fauna, Lima
9 Centre National de Recherches Forestières, Dakar

Appendix 4

FRI & CSIRO, Canberra, Australia (Eucalypts, Araucaria, Acacia, P. radiata)
10 000 13 00010 00010 00015 00015 00018 000 15 000    (  9 500)
CFI, Oxford, UK (Central Am. Pines & hardwoods)
  15 00015 000 3 0005 000 8 000    (  2 000)
INIF, Mexico (Pinus spp. dry area spp.)
  5 0005 00010 0005 00010 000 8 000    (10 000)
IUFRO (N. Am. Conifers)
  1 2005 0001 000    
UNDP/FAO/Brazil (Araucaria)
   8 0003 000    
FRI, Nigeria (Tropical hardwoods)
   2 5002 5003 0005 000   
CTFT, France (Tropical hardwoods, incl. arid zone Acacia species)
   2 5005 0003 0005 000 8 000    (  7 000)
Ist. Sper. Selvicoltura, Arezzo, Italy (Mediterranean conifers)
Seed Centre, Macon, USA (cost of seed for developing countries)
   5001 0001 0002 000 2 000    (  2 000)
Office of Forests, Papua New Guinea (Eucalyptus, Acacia, Araucaria & Casuarina)
     50005 000 5 000    (12 000)
Danish/FAO Forest Tree Seed Centre, Humlebaek (Gmelina)
      5 0001  
F.D., Nicaragua (P. caribaea)
      3 500 5 000   
BANSEFOR, Guatemala (P.caribaea, P. oocarpa, P. strobus var. chiapensis)
      2 8001  
Fiji Pine Commission (P. caribaea)
      3 000    (    500)
Queensland F.D. (P. caribaea seed/scion supply)
    1 000    
ENGREF, France (frost-hardy Eucalypts)
       3 000   
F.D., Belize (Tropical pines)
       1 800   
COHDEFOR, Honduras (Tropical pines)
       5 000   
F.D., Indonesia (Tropical Acacia spp.)
       3 5001  (  1 500)
CONAF, Chile (dry area spp.)
       8 700    (12 000)
INFOR, Peru (dry area spp.)
       5 000    (  9 000)
Agric.Res.Centre, P.D.R Yemen (dry area spp.)
       5 000    (  5 000)4
F.R.I, Sudan (dry area Acacia spp.)
       3 000    (  4 000)4
CNRF, Senegal (dry area Acacia spp.)
       7 000    (10 000)
Land Dev. Authority, Israel (dry area Acacia spp.)
       3 000    (  2 000)
F.R.I., India          (  5 000)4
F.D., Pakistan         
Miscellaneous 1 500        (  1 500)4
SUB-TOTAL10 00014 50036 20051 50040 00035 00064 300 96 000    (93 000)4
F.R.I., Nigeria     5 000   
OCF, Congo     5 0002 000   
SUB-TOTAL     10 0002 000   
Forest Genetic Resources Inform.
   16 00017 50038 00042 000 34 000    (34 000)
Methodology of Conservation (FP;MISC/75/8)
     10 0007 000   
SUB-TOTAL   16 00017 50048 00049 000 34 000    (34 000)
FAO Panel of Experts on Forest Gene Resources
 10 0009 000 14 00019 000 67 000   
3rd World Consultation on Forest Tree Breeding
     58 0004 000   
SUB-TOTAL 10 0009 000 14 00077 0004 000 67 000   
CONSULTANCIES     15 00031 000    (29 300)
HQ.STAFF, DIRECT COSTS 2 35 00010 00016 00035 00025 00064 00060 000 60 000  (112 752)
TOTAL (approximate)15 00034 50061 200102 50096 500234 000210 300 257 000(269 052)

1 Carried forward (in part or fully) to following biennium

2 Includes posts financed by Finnish and Danish Government Programmes (1971–74; 1983) and by UNDP (1976–83)

3 Includes implementation of (i) FAO/UNEP Project 1108-75-05, Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources (1975–81)
(ii) FAO/IBPGR Project on Genetic Resources for the Improvement of Rural Living (1979; 1981)

4 IBPGR funds were planned to be used to complement FAO Regular Programme contributions for seed collection in 1983 as follows: India ($5 000); Pakistan ($9 000); P.D.R. Yemen ($4 000); Sudan ($4 000)

Appendix 5
FAO/UNEP Project 1108-75-05


SpeciesPinus caribaea var. hondurensisPinus oocarpaEucalyptus tereticornisEucalyptus camaldulensis 
ProvenanceAlamicambaLos LimonesPoptunMountain Pine RidgeYukulBoneteCooktownMt.CarnetPetfordKatherineGibb RiverTOTAL
CountryArea, ha 1 
Congo  16.4(20)220.0(20)  8.2(10)10.1(10)20.1(20)20.0(20)9.1(10)  9.8(10)---113.7(120)
Ivory Coast  7.0(10)-  8.0(10)  9.4(10)  9.0(10)------33.4(40)
Kenya-  7.5(10)---------  7.5(10)
Nigeria  1.4(20)  8.0(20)-14.7(30)30.5(30)18.4(0)  1.6(0)3.0(0)2.6(10)1.4(10)-  81.6(120)

1 The area includes both international and national conservation stands established under the project.

2 Numbers in parenthesis indicate area originally planned.

3 Joined the project only in 1980.

Appendix 6


AustraliaEucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh.111 new provenances collected for project with special emphasis on arid zones
E. microtheca F.Muell. 173 seedlots, grouped into 21 “provenance groups” for first-stage evaluation according to climatic conditions.
Acacia aneura F.Muell. ex. Benth.5 provenances collected by early 1980
ChileAcacia caven Mol. 
Atriplex repanda Phil. 
Prosopis tamarugo F. Philippi 
Prosopis spp. (“Algarrobo”)May include several species. P. atacamensis, P. silicuastrum, P. chilensis, P. burkartii
IndiaAcacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.ssp. indica/var.vediana
                 var. jaquamontii
                 var. cupressiformis
A. senegal (L.) Willd.“Land Race”
A. tortilis Hayne“Land Race”; according to some sources may in fact be A.raddiana Savi.
Prosopis cineraria (L.)Druce
(syn. P. spicigera L.)
IsraelAcacia albida Del. 
A. raddiana Savi
(syn. A. tortilis (Forsk) Hayne
    ssp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan
A. tortilis Hayne
(syn. A. tortilis (Forsk) Hayne
    ssp. tortilis (Hayne) Brenan
MexicoAcacia berlandieri 
A. farnesiana 
Atriplex canescens 
Cercidium spp. 
Prosopis spp. (“Mezquite”)May include several species, P. juliflora; P. glandulosa, P. alba, P. torreyana
PakistanAcacia nilotica 
A. senegal“Land Race”
Prosopis cineraria 
PeruProsopis spp. (“Algarrobo”)May include several species, P. chilensis, P. limensis, P. juliflora
SenegalAcacia albida Del. 
A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex. Del. var. adansonii 
A. raddiana Savi 
A. senegal (L.) Willd. 
A. tortilis Hayne 
SudanAcacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex. Del.ssp. nilotica
ssp. tomentosa
ssp. adstringes
Acacia tortilis 
PDR YemenProsopis cineraria (L.) Druce 
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.“Land Race”
A. senegal (L.) Willd. 
A. tortilis Hayne 

1 Collections completed and distributed for evaluation.

Appendix 7

Lists of species endangered in parts or the whole of their range are given in this Appendix. They come from various sources. The species listed by the Panel (Appendix 7.1) consist mainly of species of known or potential value for social or economic use, whereas the other lists include taxonomic species whether or not they are of known value. The Panel list (7.1) includes species which are not endangered as species but contain valuable endangered populations.


Abies guatemalensis
A. nebrodiensis
A. numidica
Acacia albida
A. caven
A. tortilis subsp. tortilis
A. tortilis subsp. raddiana
Adenanthera macrocarpa
Alnus jorullensis
Aniba duckei
Araucaria angustifolia
A. cumminghamii
A. hunsteinii
Aspidosperma polyneuron
Astronium urundeuva
Atriplex repanda
Balfourodendron riedelianum
Bertholetia excelsa
Bombacopsis quinata
Brachylaena hutchinsii
Caesalpinia dalei
Cedrela fissilis
C. odorata
Cedrus libani
Cercidiphyllum japonicum
Chlorophora excelsa
Cordia milleni
Cupressus atlantica
C. dupreziana
Dalbergia nigra
Didymopanax morototoni
Diospyros hemiteles
Dipteryx alata
Entandrophragna angolense
Esenbeckia leiocarpa
Eucalyptus deglupta
E. globulus subsp. globulus
Fagus longipetiolata
Gigasiphon macrosiphon
Glyptostrobus pensilis
Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum
Gymnostemon zaizou
Ilex paraguaiensis
Irvingia gabonensis
Joannesia princeps
Juniperus bermudiana
Juniperus procera
Khaya senegalensis
Liquidambar styraciflua
Lovoa swynnertonii
Machaerium villosum
Mimosa caesalpinifolia
Mimosa verrucosa
Nesogordonia papaverifera
Ocotea porosa
Pericopsis elata
Pinus armandii var. ahamiana
P. eldarica
P. koraiensis
P. patula subsp. tecunumanii (syn. P. tecunumanii)
P. pentaphylla
P. pseudostrobus
P. radiata
Piptadenia peregrina
Platanus orientalis
Plathymenia foliosa
Populus ilicifolia
Prosopis cineraria
Pseudotsuga gaussenii
P. sinensis
Pterogyne nitens
Schinopsis brasiliensis
Stuhlmannia moavi
Tabebuia impetiginosa
Taiwania cryptomerioides
T. flousiana
Tectona hamiltoniana
T. philippinensis
Ulmus wallichiana
Vepris glandulosa (syn. Tecleopsis glandulosa)
Zeyheria tuberculosa


Categories used in the Red Data Book:
 A category used for species not found after repeated searches of known and likely areas.
 Taxa in danger of extinction and whose survival is unlikely if the causal factors continue operating.
Included are taxa whose numbers have been reduced to a critical level or whose habitats have been so drastically reduced that they are deemed to be in immediate danger of extinction.
 Taxa believed likely to move into the endangered category in the near future if the causal factors continue operating.
Included are taxa of which most or all the populations are decreasing because of over-exploitation, extensive destruction of habitat or other environmental disturbance; taxa with populations that have been seriously depleted and whose ultimate security is not yet assured; and taxa with populations that are still abundant but are under threat from serious adverse factors througout their range.
 Taxa with small world populations that are not at present endangered or vulnerable but are at risk.
These taxa are usually localized within restricted geographical areas or habitats or are thinly scattered over a more extensive range.
Note:The Endangered and Vulnerable categories may include, temporarily, taxa whose populations are beginning to recover as a result of remedial action, but whose recovery is insufficient to justify their transfer to another category.


Acacia aphylla Maslin (E)
Acacia peuce F. Muell. (V)
Achyranthes mangarevica Suesseng. (Ex/E)
Ailanthus fordii Nooteboom (R)
Arbutus canariensis Veillard ex Duhamel (V)

Badua crassa A.DC. (E)
Betula uber (Ashe) Fernald (E)

Camellia crapnelliana Tutcher (E)
Camellia granthamiana
Casuarina fibrosa C.A. Gardner (E)
Ceratonia sp. nov. (E)
Cladrastis lutea (Michaux f.) C. Koch (V)
Cordyline kaspar W.R.B. Oliver (R)
Cupressus dupreziana A. Camus (E)
Cupressus macrocarpa Hartweg (E)

Dendrosicyos socotranus Balf.F. (V)
Diospyros hemiteles 3 B.K. Richardson
Dirachma socotrana Schweinf. (E)
Dorstenia gigas Schweinf.
Dracaena draco (L.) L. (V in wild)
Dracaena ombet Kotschy & Peyr. (V/E)
Drypetes caustica (Frapp. ex Cordem.) Airy Shaw (E)

Elliottia racemosa Muhlenberg ex Elliott (E)
Eucalyptus argophloia Blakely (E. in wild)
Eucalyptus carnabyi Blakely & Steedman (E)
Eucalyptus crenulata Blakely & Beuzev (E)
Eucalyptus curtisii Blakely & C.T. White (V)
Eucalyptus froggatti Blakely (E)
Eucalyptus rhodantha Blakely & Steedman (E)
Eucalyptus steedmanii C.A. Gardner (Ex in wild)
Euphorbia wakefieldii N.E. Brown (E)

Franklinia alatamaha Marshall (Ex in wild)
Freziera forerorum A. Gentry, ined. (in press) (E)

Gigasiphomnacrosiphon (Harms) Brenan (R/E)

Heritiera longipetiolata Kanehira (E)
Hibiscadelphus giffardianus Rock (E)
Hibiscadelphus wilderianus Rock (Ex)

Idiospermum australiense (Diels) S.T. Blake (V)

Juniperus bermudiana L. (V)

Lebronnecia kokioides Fosberg (R)

Medusagyne oppositifolia Baker (E)

Neowawraea phyllanthoides Rock (E)

Olea laperrinei Battand. & Trabut (V)

Persea theobromifolia A. Gentry (E)
Pittosporum dallii Cheeseman (E)
Prunus gravesii Small (E)
Punica protopunica Balf. f. (E)

Salix silicicola Raup (R)
Santalum fernandezianum F. Phil. (Ex)
Serianthes nelsonii Merr. (E)
Sophora fernandeziana (Phil.) Skottsb. (V)
Sophora masafuerana (Phil.) Skottsb. (E)
Sophora toromiro (Phil.) Skottsb. (Ex in wild)

Tetrataxis salicifolia (Thouars ex Tul.) Baker (E)
Trochetia erythroxylon (G. Forster) Benth. (E)

Ulmus wallichiana Planchon (E)

Vateria seychellarum Dyer (E)
Vepris glandulosa (Hoyle & Leakey) Kokwaro (E)

Zanthoxylum paniculatum Balf. f. (E)

1 In addition to tree species, this list includes shrub species with potential in activities such as soil conservation, shelter, fuel, etc.


7.3a Eucalyptus species of highly restricted occurrence and endangered or potentially endangered 1

Eucalyptus acies
E. alpina
E. approximans spp. approximans
E. aquilina
E. archeri
E. argophloia
E. badjensis
E. baeuerlenii
E. bakeri
E. barberi
E. beardiana **
E. benthamii
E. brockwayi
E. burdettiana
E. burgessiana
E. caesia
E. calcicola
E. camfieldii
E. cneorifolia
E. conglomerata
E. cordata
E. coronata
E. crenulata
E. cupularis*
E. curtisii
E. dendromorpha
E. desmondensis
E. ficifolia
E. fitzgeraldii*
E. froggattii
E. georgei**
E. gregsoniana
E. halophila**
E. imlayensis**
E. insularis
E. johnsoniana**
E. kartzoffiana
E. kitsoniana
E. kruseana
E. lane-poolei
E. lansdowneana spp. lansdowneana*
E. largeana
E. luehmanniana
E. megacornuta
E. michaeliana
E. mitchelliana
E. morrisbyi
E. neglecta
E. nigra*
E. olsenii
E. paliformis
E. parvifolia
E. pendens
E. pulverulenta
E. pumila
E. remota
E. rhodantha
E. risdonii
E. rummeryi
E. saxatilis
E. scoparia
E. sepulcralis
E. squamosa
E. steedmanii
E. stenostoma
E. stogtei
E. stowardii*
E. sturgissiana
E. tetrapleura
E. triflora
E. woodwardii
E. xanthonema*
E. yarraensis

1   From: L.D. Pryor (1981) “Australian Endangered Species: Eucalypts - Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service - Special Publication No. 5.

*   Distribution not adequately known and in Eucalyptus nigra taxonomic boundaries are not clear.

** Species newly described and the distribution not adequately known.

7.3b Species listed in Plant Conservation Bulletin (IUCN) 1

Acacia tortilis
Albizia arunachalensis
A. gamblei
Betula utilis
Beilschmiedia pseudomicropora
Cupressus sempervirens
Dipthysa robinoides
Inocarpus edulis
Juniperus macropoda
J. phoenica
Lecythis ampla
Myroxylon balsamuem
Pericopsis elata
Pinus halepensis
P. strobus var. chiapensis
Pistacia atlantica
Platanus wrightii
Salix goodingii
Stipa tenacissima
Symplocos latiflora
S. oligandra
S. sessilis
S. coynadense
Trochetiopsis spp.

1 Plant Conservation Bulletin 2 (1982) pp. 1–9

7.3c Indian Species in Danger of Extinction or Depletion 2

Albizia arunachalensis
A. gamblei
Beilschmiedia pseudomicropora
Diospyros cacharensis
Dysoxyhun reticulatum
Gaultheria seshagiriana
Gymnocladus assamicus
Lithocarpus kamengensis
Luculia grandifolia
Mitrephora harae
Pinus bhutanica
Populus gamblei
Radermachera sinica
Rhododendron dalhousiae
R. tawangensis
Salix bhutanensis
Symaplocos glauca
Syzygium assamicum

2 Indian Forester 107 (11) - 1981, pp. 712–724

7.3d Threatened Plants Committee, IUCN Species Survival Commission 3

Abies guatemalensis
A. nebrodensis
Araucaria araucana
Basiloxylon excelsum
Batocarpus costaricensis
Caryocar costaricense
Celtis aetnensis
Cynometra hemitomophylla
Engelhardtia pterocarpa
Fitzroya cupressoides
Guaiacum sanctum
Guarea longipetiola
Pilgerodendron uviferum
Podocarpus costalis
Podocarpus parlatorei
Quercus copeyensis
Swietenia humilis
Tachigalia versicolor
Vantanea barbourii

3 Doc. 3s.19 - “Third Meeting of the Conference of the Parties” New Delhi (India), 25 February – 8 March 1981

7.3e Rare and Endangered Tree Species in Mexico 1

Abies concolor (Cord et Glend) Hopes.
Abies guatemalensis Rehder
Bursera aloexylon Gray
Carpinus caroliniana Walt.
Cedrela odorata L.
Ceiba pentandra (L) Gaerth.
Cercis canadensis Linn
Chirantodendron pentadactylon Larreat
Cordia alliodora (Ruiz et Pav) Cham.
Cordia eleagnoides D.C.
Cornus disciflora D.C.
Cupressus benthami Endl.
Cupressus forbesii Jepson
Cupressus guadalupensis S. Wats
Fagus mexicana Martínez
Juniperus californica Carr.
Juníperus deppeana var. pachyphlaea (Torr.) Martínez
Juniperus standleyi Steyermark
Libocedrus decurrens Torr.
Olneya tesota Gray
Ostrya virginiana C. Koch,
Picea chihuahuana Martínez
Picea mexicana Martínez
Pinus attenuata Lemm
Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm
Pinus coulteri Don
Pinus culminicola Andressen et Beaman
Pinus jeffreyi Murr
Pinus maximartinezii Rzedowski
Pinus monophylla Torr.
Pinus muricata D.Don
Pinus radiata var. binata Don
Pinus rzedowski Madrigal et Caballero
Pinus strobus var. chiapensis Mart.
Podocarpus matudae
Podocarpus reikei
Pseudotsuga (various species)
Swietenia macrophylla King
Swietenia humilis Zucc
Taxus globosa Schlecht
Tilia mexicana Schlecht

1 Tables provided by F. Patiño V., Mexico

7.3f Notes on East African Species Considered Endangered or Vulnerable 1

1. Cordia milleni (Boraginaceae)

A forest tree with spreading crown. Timber is popular for furniture and cabinet making. It occurs in Uganda, Burundi, Congo and Western Kenya. In Uganda and Kenya it is the target of heavy felling. Its natural regeneration is poor.

2. Caesalpinia dalei (Caesalpiniaceae)

A spreading buttressed tree. This species has only been recorded in Kwale district Kenya, from an area now intensively cultivated. Feared extinct.

3. Gigasiphon macrosiphon (Caesalpiniaceae)

A tree 6–20 m high with large beautiful flowers with potential for ornamental planting. Occurs in very few localities, on Mrima Hill, Southern Coast, Kenya, and in Southern province in Tanzania.

4. Stuhlmannia moavi (Caesalpiniceae)

A tree of moderate size - 9 m. So far recorded from Pangani district in Tanzania (Muwanja, Mkororro and Wachanga).

5. Brachylaena hutchinsii (Muhugu) (Compositae)

A tall dioecious tree, resistant to termites and borers which in the past was used for sleepers, flooring blocks, but is now used extensively for wood carvings. The species occurs in localized areas in East Africa. In Kenya it occurs in the highlands and in the coastal belt; in Tanzania - Usambara steppe, and in the coast lowlands; while it is rare in Uganda, occurring in South Busoga. In Kenya much of the B. hutchinsii habitat has gone to settlement while the remaining trees are now facing increasingly heavy felling. Logs are highly priced for wood carvings.

6. Lovoa swynnertonii (Kilimanjaro mahogany) (Meliaceae)

A forest tree with first class quality timber. In Kenya occurring in Meru forest, East of Mt. Kenya, and in the forest on Mrima hill at the coast. In Uganda it occurs in Mengo, Ankole and Toro; while in Tanzania it occurs in Rau Forest Reserve (Kilimanjaro) and Kaigi (Bukoba). It is sparsely distributed within its range with uncertain natural regeneration potential.

7. Chlorophora excelsa (Mvule) (Moraceae)

A large deciduous tree occurring in forests and savannas, it enjoys great importance in the timber trade. In the region, mvule occurs around Lake Victoria and in hills of coastal district. (Also occurs elsewhere in tropical Africa). Today mvule has been exterminated in most of the coastal forests in Kenya. The number of trees in western Kenya has been considerably reduced. Here the trees are outside the forest reserve. Cutting has been uncontrolled and exploitation is very heavy. The situation has worsened following expansion in intensive agriculture and land consolidation. Natural regeneration is poor and artificial regeneration handicapped by gall fly damage. The same fate is facing the mvule stands in Busoga district of Uganda.

8. Tecleopsis glandulosa - Vepris glandulosa (Rutaceae)

A medium sized forest tree originally reported from central Kenya, growing in association with cape chestnut and Olea hochsterii. It was feared in the sixties that this species had completely disappeared from Kiambu forest but repeated searches in the seventies revealed that there were still less than forty individuals in the Muguga forest reserve.

Regeneration of T. glandulosa is poor and prospects for its artificial regeneration are uncertain. This is the only record of T. glandulosa in East Africa. The species also occurs in Ethiopia, C. Africa, Mozambique and South Africa.

9. Entandrophragma angolense (Budongo Mahogany) (Meliaceae)

A very large deciduous tree with first class timber, considered to be the best cabinet wood of the East African Meliaceae. E. angolense also occur in Angola. The timber is exported widely. Experience in East Africa shows that this species is the target of heavy exploitation. It regeneration is poor.

10. Populus ilicifolia (Salicaceae)

Tall deciduous riparian tree in Kenya restricted to Tana, Athi and Uaso Nyiro river basins. In Tanzania it occurs in Ruvu river systems.

It is feared that the development of storage dams along the Tana and Athi river basins and the irrigation network radiating from Uaso nyiro may alter dry weather flow over substantial lengths of the water course and hence affect the P. ilicifolia forests. Unless the forests are given legal protection, the entire vegetation is bound to be progressively cleared by the new settlers.

1 Information provided by J.A. Odera, kenya.

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