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Appendix 3
OIE recommended standards for epidemiological surveillance systems for rinderpest and contagious bovine pleuropneumonia

Specialists in the epidemiology and programmes for the control of these two major epizootic diseases have developed these documents to obtain an international consensus for objective and time-bound criteria for their eradication and for demonstrating their eradication from a country or a zone within a country. Because of their widespread use since 1989, the surveillance standards for rinderpest (revised in 1998) have become informally but widely known as the “OIE pathways”.

The Figures on the following pages summarize the pathways. The full documents can be obtained from the OIE Web site: www.oie.int/Norms/a_surv.htm

or by contacting:

Office International des Epizooties (OIE)
12, rue de Prony
75017 Paris, France
Tel.: +33 1 4415 1888
Fax.: +33 1 4267 0987
E-mail: oie@oie.int

RINDERPEST

FIGURE 1
Requirements for the declaration of freedom from rinderpest disease and infection

FIGURE 1

* If a country wants to be declared free from rinderpest infection at the end of year 4, serological surveillance of unvaccinated animals must be in operation at the end of year 2, in order to prove that there has been no seropositive case in the country for at least two years.

CONTAGIOUS BOVINE PLEUROPNEUMONIA (CBPP)
Countries practising vaccination

FIGURE 2
Requirements for the declaration of freedom from disease and freedom from CBPP

FIGURE 2

CONTAGIOUS BOVINE PLEUROPNEUMONIA (CBPP)
Countries not practising vaccination

These are generally countries with a solid animal health infrastructure (with system for individually identifying animals) where CBPP has been accidentally introduced. The accelerated eradication process is summarized in the chart.

FIGURE 3
Accelerated eradication process

FIGURE 3

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