AN APPRAISAL OF THE SUITABILITY OF THE CITES CRITERIA
FOR LISTING COMMERCIALLY-EXPLOITED AQUATIC SPECIES


 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents


FAO Fisheries Circular No.954
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

prepared by
the FAO Secretariat
assisted by
R. Mahon
J. Pope
and
J. Rice Ian Pettman
FAO Consultants

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2000

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country territory city or area or of its authorities or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISSN 0429-9329

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO 2000

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manual recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.


Table of Contents


PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
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1. INTRODUCTION
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1.1 Background
1.2 About this document

2. EXTINCTION RISK FOR AQUATIC ORGANISMS
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2.1 Diversity in ecological attributes of aquatic organisms
2.2 Diversity in aquatic habitats
2.3 Diversity in types of fisheries
2.4 Single species and multispecies fisheries considerations
2.5 Review of the literature on species extinctions and risk
2.6 Assessing risk of extinction of aquatic species
2.7 Summarising contrasts between fishes and aquatic invertebrates and terrestrial vertebrates

3. THE CONTEXT OF CITES IN MARINE CONSERVATION SYSTEMS
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3.1 Institutional arrangements to promote marine conservation
3.2 Objectives and techniques of fisheries and ecosystem management
3.3 Species for which CITES listing is a priority

4. EVALUATION OF CITES CRITERIA WITH RESPECT TO THEIR APPLICABILITY TO EXPLOITED MARINE SPECIES
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4.1 Approach to the evaluation
4.2 The Criteria dealing with Trade
4.3 Consideration of Criterion A 4.4 Consideration of Criterion B 4.5 Consideration of Criterion C 4.6 Consideration of Criterion D 4.7 Criteria for Appendix II listing under Article II Paragraph 2a of CITES 4.8 Criteria for Appendix II listing under Article II Paragraph 2b of CITES
4.9 Issues regarding split-listing and higher taxa
4.10 Issues regarding precautionary measures
4.11 Issues regarding definitions
4.12 Concordance of IUCN and CITES Criteria

5. POPULATIONS AND SUBPOPULATIONS
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6. FISHERIES BIOLOGICAL REFERENCE POINTS AND RISK OF EXTINCTION
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7. KEY CONCERNS AND CONCLUSIONS
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8. REFERENCES
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ANNEXES
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Annex 1: A summary by class, order and family of the species listed on the 1996 IUCN red list by category
Annex 2: Concordance of CITES and IUCN listing criteria
Annex 3: Biological criteria for listing species in CITES Appendix I (as provided in CITES COP 9.21, 1994, Annex 1)
Annex 4: Suggestions for rewording of biological criteria for listing species in CITES Appendix I
Annex 5: Definitions, notes and guidelines as provided in CITES COP 9.21, 1994, Annex 5
Annex 6: Glossary