Legal Trends in Wildlife Management


M.T. Cirelli
for the
Development Law Service
FAO Legal Office

FAO LEGISLATIVE STUDY
74

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2002

Table of Contents



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ISBN 92-5-104785-5

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© FAO 2002


Table of Contents


FOREWORD

SUMMARY

I. INTRODUCTION

II. WILDLIFE LAW: INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL DIMENSIONS

2.1. Linkages between International, National and Local Legislation
2.2. Overview of Principal International Agreements
2.3. European Community Legislation and Case Law

2.3.1. The European Community and Wildlife Law
2.3.2. The Birds Directive
2.3.3. The Habitats Directive
2.3.4. Decisions by the Court of Justice of the European Communities

III. WILDLIFE PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT

3.1. Protection Rules

3.1.1. Limitations to Hunting
3.1.2. Protection of Specific Species
3.1.3. Assessment of Harmful Processes
3.1.4. Protection of Biodiversity

3.2. Management Planning
3.3. Regulation of Hunting
3.4. Use of Licences

3.4.1. Licences as a Management Instrument
3.4.2. Licences for Hunting
3.4.3. Other Types of Licences
3.4.4. Other Purposes of Licensing Systems

3.5. Game Ranching and Breeding

IV. OWNERSHIP OF WILDLIFE AND RELATED RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS

4.1. Legislative Approaches to Ownership of Wildlife

4.1.1. Wildlife as State Property
4.1.2. Wildlife as Property of Landowners

4.2. Protection of Persons and Property

V. WILDLIFE, PROTECTED AREAS AND LAND USE

5.1. Protected Areas for Wildlife Management Purposes
5.2. Protection Measures Outside Protected Areas
5.3. Measures Addressing Wildlife Management and other Land Uses

VI. INSTITUTIONS, PEOPLE AND WILDLIFE

6.1. Approaches to People’s Involvement in Wildlife Management
6.2. Public Consultation
6.3. Creation of People-centred Bodies for Wildlife Management
6.4. Agreements between People and Administrations
6.5. Devolution of Authority
6.6. Wildlife Management and Cultural Issues

VII. CONCLUSIONS

LEGISLATION REVIEWED

BIBLIOGRAPHY

FAO LEGISLATIVE STUDIES

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