Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a serious transboundary disease of cattle, which has at one time or another been present on all continents, but now mainly occurs in Africa. Transboundary animal diseases are defined by the FAO Emergency System for Transboundary Animal and Plant Pests and Diseases (EMPRES) as those diseases that are of significant economic, trade and/or food security importance for a considerable number of countries, which can easily spread to other countries and reach epidemic proportions, and where control or management, including exclusion, requires cooperation among several countries. The International Animal Health Code of the Office international des épizooties (OIE) includes CBPP in its List A diseases, which are defined as
communicable diseases which have the potential for serious and rapid spread, irrespective of national borders; which are of serious socio-economic or public health importance and which are of major importance in the international trade of animals and animal products.
This manual provides information on the nature of CBPP, and the principles of and strategic options for the control and elimination of the disease. It provides guidelines for individual countries to formulate their overall national policy on CBPP control and eradication. The manual identifies personnel as well as equipment and other facilities that are needed in a national CBPP contingency plan. An outline of the suggested format and contents of a national CBPP contingency plan is also provided as a guide, and should be modified to suit the needs of and circumstances that exist in individual countries. Due consideration was given to the provisions in the OIE International Animal Health Code in the preparation of the manual. It is suggested that this manual, which is based on the format of the Australian Veterinary Emergency Plan (AUSVETPLAN), with some modifications, should be used together with the Manual on the Preparation of National Animal Disease Emergency Preparedness Plans (FAO Animal Health Manual No. 6. Rome, 1999).
Sources of information recommended for use in conjunction with this manual include:
Egwu, G.O., Nicholas, R.A.J., Ameh, J.A. & Bashiruddin, J.B. 1996. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia: an update. Veterinary Bulletin, 66(9): 875-888.
Manual on the preparation of national animal disease emergency preparedness plans. FAO Animal Health Manual, No.6. Rome, 1999.
Manual on participatory epidemiology. FAO Animal Health Manual, No.10. Rome, 2000.
Nicholas, R., Bashiruddin, J., Ayling, R. & Miles, R. 2000. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia: a review of recent developments. Veterinary Bulletin, 30: 827-838.
OIE [Office international des épizooties]. 2001. International Animal Health Code. Available at www.oie.int.
Recognizing contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. FAO Animal Health Manual, No. 13 (Rev. 1). Rome, 2002.
Schneider, H.P., van der Lugt, J.J. & Hübschule, O.J.B. 1994. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia. pp. 1485-1494. In J.A.W. Coetzer, G.R. Thomson and R.C. Tustin (eds). Infectious diseases of livestock, Vol. 2. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
This manual will be reviewed regularly and revised in the light of experience.
Suggestions and recommendations for amendment should be forwarded to:
EMPRES (Livestock) Animal Health Service
FAO Animal Production and Health Division
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome, Italy
Tel: (+39) 06 5705 4798/4184
Fax: (+39) 06 5705 3023
EMPRES home page: www.fao.org/empres