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Côte d’Ivoire


General Information

· Main climates: Tropical Wet and Dry, Tropical Wet

· Total land area: 31 800 000 ha

· Internal renewable water resources: 76.7 km3

· Incoming water flow: 1.0 km3

· GNP per capita, 1998: PPP$ 1 484

· Main food consumed: Roots & tubers, Rice, Oil & fat, Maize, Fruit

· Rice supply, 1999: 111.4 kg paddy/capita/year

Basic Statistics


1985

1990

1995

2000

RICE





Harvested area (T ha)

450.0

572.0

650.0

750.0

Yield (kg/ha)

1200

1154

1608

1548

Production (T t)

540.0

660.4

1045

1161

Imports (T t)

242.3

235.0

350.0

NA

Exports (t)

1233

0

67

NA

OTHERS





Population (M)

9.87

11.63

13.52

NA

Agr population (M)

6.16

6.97

7.39

NA

Irrigated agr area (T ha)

54

66

73

NA

Fertilizer cons (T t)

41.5

35.7

66.0

NA

Agr tractors in use (units)

3300

3550

3800

NA

Producing Zones and Cropping Seasons

The following table shows rice production in different zones

Production zone

Production (% total production)

Man

20.0

Daloa

17.0

Abidjan

13.0

San Pedro

12.0

Odienne

11.0

Korghogo

7.0

Bouake

7.0

Yamoussokro

7.0

Abengourou

5.0

Bondoukou

1.0

The following table shows the rice cropping seasons.

Cropping Season

Planting

Harvesting

Main season, North

5-6

10-12

Main season, South

4-5

9-11

Off season

12-2

4-6

Production Practices

The following figure shows the harvested areas from different ecologies during the last five years.

Rice production is practised by about 8 percent of the population. The average farm size is about 0.8 ha in upland and 0.3 ha in irrigated rice. Upland rice is generally grown as a mono-crop or as in a mixture with other food crops following the slash-and-burn shifting cultivation almost without any application of chemical fertilizer and other ago-chemical. In special project areas of rice-cotton and rice-soybean, upland rice production involves mechanical land preparation, line seeding and fertilizer application. In lowland rice systems land preparation is generally done with power tillers, transplanting is used for crop establishment, and moderate to high rate of fertilizer is generally applied. Weeding is done manually. Farmers do not have appropriate tools and equipment for harvesting and threshing of rice. A number of improved rice varieties have been released for cultivation.

Variety Name

Ecology

Growth duration (days)

Bouake 189

Lowland ecologies

125-130

KOSSOU

Lowland ecologies

125

GAGNOA

Lowland ecologies

125

NIMBA

Lowland ecologies

120

SANBELA

Lowland ecologies

120

YABRA

Lowland ecologies

130

AKADI

Lowland ecologies

135

IGUAPE CATETO

Upland

135

IRAT 10

Upland

110-115

IRAT 104

Upland

NA

IRAT 112

Upland

95-105

IRAT 133

Upland

115-125

IRAT 144

Upland

110-120

MOROBEKAN

Upland

130-135

ANGBE

Upland

125-130

BANCO

Upland

130

DEFI

Upland

125

FAFA

Upland

105

FAMOSA

Upland

105-110

FAVORI

Upland

120-125

GBLAGNIN

Upland

105-110

GEANT

Upland

120-125

GUEGBIN

Upland

120

IVOIRE

Upland

130

ROSO

Upland

120

SAVANA

Upland

130

TOUBAKO

Upland

105

WABSON

Upland

105

The following table shows the rice responses to fertilizer application.

Other information

Test range (kg/ha)

Control rate (kg/ha)

Control yield (t/ha)

Rate at Max yield (kg/ha)

Max yield (t/ha)

Reported in 1992, Mbé, variety IDSA, with 100 KgP + 100 kg K/ha, upland condition

0-100

1.54

0

2.9

100

Reported in 1992, Mbé, variety Bouaké, with 100 KgP + 100 kg K/ha, irrigated

0-100

1.66

0

2.77

100

Phosphorus (P2O5)






Reported in 1992, Man (forest zone), Ultisol, with 100 KgN/ha, variety WAB 56-125, upland

0-90

0

1.64

60

3.19

Reported in 1992, Man (forest zone), Ultisol, with 100 KgN/ha, variety WAB 56-104, upland

0-90

0

1.43

90

3.03

Reported in 1992, Man (forest zone), Ultisol, with 100 KgN/ha, variety WAB 56-50, upland

0-90

0

1.15

90

3.49

Reported in 1992, Man (forest zone), Ultisol, with 100 KgN/ha, variety IDSA 6, upland

0-90

0

1.32

90

2.44

Reported in 1992, Man (forest zone), Ultisol, with 100 KgN/ha, variety ITA 257, upland

0-90

0

0.9

30

2.24

Reported in 1992, Mbé, variety IDSA, with 100 KgN + 100 kg K/ha, upland

0-100

0

2.63

100

2.9

Reported in 1992, Mbé, variety Bouaké, with 100 KgN + 100 kg K/ha, irrigated

0-100

0

3.11

0

3.11

Potassium (K2O)






Reported in 1992, Mbé, variety IDSA, with 100 KgN + 100 kg P/ha, upland

0-100

0

3.49

0

3.49

Reported in 1992, Mbé, variety Bouaké, with 100 KgN + 100 kg P/ha, irrigated

0-100

0

2.68

100

2.77

Constraints and Issues of Sustainable Production

There are several constraints to sustainable rice production in Cote D'Ivoire. Following are the majors:

The following table shows the rice production costs.

Other information

Yield (t/ha)

Cost ($/ha)

Cost ($/t)

93, Upland, Forest, Traditional

0.75

180

240

93, Upland, Cidt, Mechanized

1.8

431

239

93, Upland,Riz-Soja Project, Mechanized

2

586

293

93, Upland, North West Plain, Mechanized

1.2

340

283

93, Rainfed lowland, Central West, Manual

2.7

668

247

93, Irrigated, Central North, Manual

4

545

136

Sustainable rice production depends greatly on appropriate policy to provide farmers with support in inputs supply and marketing of products. The improvement and development of lowland production systems with improved water supply and control would be essential.

Research and Development Institutes

· Centre de recherches rizicoles Ferkessedougou, Ferkessedougou

· Centre international de multiplication et d'approvisonnement de semences de selection, Dabou

· Institut des savanes, B.P. 633, Bouake 01, Phone: 635121 Telex: 69138 ADRAO CI Fax: (225) 632045

· Ministere de l'agriculture et des ressources animales, 01 BP 147

· Projet Serebou Gestion, B.P. 161, Abidjan 04, Phone: (225) 216590 Telex: (983) 22371 VELOP CI Fax: (225) 210239

· Societe pour le developpement et l'exploitation du riz, Dekokaha,

· Institut des savanes, Station experimentale de Gagnoa, Gagnoa

· Institut des Savanes (IDESSA), B.P. 633 Bouake, Cote D'Ivoire

· WARDA, B.P. 2551 Bouake, Cote D'Ivoire; Fax 225 634714; Email WARDA@cgnet.com

· M. G. Karidioula, IDESSA/DCV, 01 B.P. 633 Bouaké 01, Côte d'Ivoire, Tel: 63 51 21/63 51 22, Fax: 63 20 45

· IDESSA/DCV, 01 BP 635 Bouaké 01, Côte d’Ivoire, Tel: 63 51 21/63 51 22, Fax: 63 20 45

· Service Agronomique au Projet National Riz (PNR), Ministère de l’Agriculture et des Ressources Animales, 01 BP 147, Abidjan 01

· Direction des Productions Vivrières, Ministère de l’Agriculture et des Ressources Animales, Abidjan, Tel.: (225) 20225952


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