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CFU. Colony Forming Units. This expresses the number of viable microbial cells per gram or per millilitre.

FAO. Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

GATT. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade had its origin at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, meeting near the end of World War II, where three institutions were proposed: the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and an International Trade Office (ITO). The World Bank and the IMF resulted and have become immensely powerful institutions. The ITO, however, was never created. In its place, the world's leading nations agreed to a set of trading rules (GATT), which have governed world trade since the late 1940s.

HMVP. High Moisture Vegetable Products.

MAP. Modified Atmospheres Packaging.

MPR. Minimally Processed Raw.

MPFVP. Minimally Processed Fruit and Vegetable Products.

NAFTA. North American Free Trade Agreement signed in 1998 among U.S., Canada and Mexico.

MERCOSUR. Regional common southern market integrated by Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

URA. Uruguay Round Agreement. One of the major accomplishments of the Uruguay Round was the agreement to convert all non-tariff restrictions on imports of agricultural products to tariff equivalents.

USDA. United States Department of Agriculture.

WTO. World Trade Organization. The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established in 1995 to enforce the international trade rules established by GATT.

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