Title:  Fish marketing and consumption survey in the Kyrgyz Republic
Division:  Fisheries and Aquaculture Management Division
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Fish marketing and consumption survey in the Kyrgyz Republic

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1087

Fish marketing and consumption survey in the Kyrgyz Republic


by
Elvira Ilibezova
Director
EL-PIKIR Centre for Public Opinion and Forecasting of the Kyrgyz Republic
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Madina Sharafutdinova
Head of Data Processing
EL-PIKIR Centre for Public Opinion and Forecasting of the Kyrgyz Republic
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Aslan Kerimbekov
Head of South Field Department
EL-PIKIR Centre for Public Opinion and Forecasting of the Kyrgyz Republic
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Yan Invei
Head of North Field Department
EL-PIKIR Centre for Public Opinion and Forecasting of the Kyrgyz Republic
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Jyldyz Tenizbaeva
Analyst
EL-PIKIR Centre for Public Opinion and Forecasting of the Kyrgyz Republic
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

Larissa Ilibezova
Analyst
EL-PIKIR Centre for Public Opinion and Forecasting of the Kyrgyz Republic
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic


Sunil N. Siriwardena
International Team Leader
FAO Project on Support to Fishery and Aquaculture Management in the Kyrgyz Republic
Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic

 

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2013


ABSTRACT

Ilibezova, E., Sharafutdinova, M., Kerimbekov, A., Invei, Y., Tenizbaeva, J., Ilibezova, L. and Siriwardena, S.N. 2013.
Fish marketing and consumption survey in the Kyrgyz Republic
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1087. Rome, FAO. 65 pp.

A countrywide survey was carried out to assess the status, trends and issues related to fish production, marketing and consumption in the Kyrgyz Republic. The methodology adopted was a combination of structured questionnaires and one-to-one interviews that collected data from 1 167 respondents, who included fish farmers, key informants, and vendors/sellers and consumers of fish and fish products. The trends and issues that emerged from the survey results are presented and interpreted under the headings of fish production, trade and consumption. Since the country's independence, fish production in the Kyrgyz Republic has not realized its full potential owing to knowledge gaps in innovative technology and in good management practices in aquaculture and fisheries. The main constraints have been an inconsistent supply of quality fish seed, a lack of access to fish feeds and credit, and the absence of state support services. Farmers see opportunities to develop recreational fisheries in their aquaculture ponds. The main constraints to a developed marketing of fish are related to infrastructure and institutional management. Most markets are poor in terms of basic infrastructure and services for food handling. Other constraints in fish marketing are: a knowledge deficit in terms of modern sanitation techniques and quality control; management of hygiene among fish handlers; and markets being distant from fishers. A vigorous attempt to improve the system should begin by a thorough evaluation of the problems in the market and marketing system. The quality of unprocessed fish during transit from harvest to the consumer cannot be assured as the present system of inspection and quality control is restricted mainly to processed fish products. The price of fish is influenced by the price at which the intermediaries/wholesalers buy their fish and the amount of profit they intend to gain, and it is fixed through supply and demand interaction. The marketing inefficiencies also contribute to unregulated price margins. In relation to other commodities, fish prices have recently increased, and this is discouraging increased per capita fish consumption. The share of fish in the food basket offered by catering entities averages 19 percent, while the share of fish and fish products in the total food basket of a household amounts to less than 9.7 percent. The indications are that, to increase this share, fish prices must go down. The fish selling business is dominated by females, mainly in the post-harvest sector owing to their involvement in household-based small-scale fish processing. Exporters perceive low-interest credit and improved legislation to streamline export procedures, the elimination of corruption, and greater access to information (particularly on pricing policies, quality standards, and forecasted fish consumption and demand) as key to improving the export industry. The document includes a set of recommendations to address the issues that emerged from the survey related to fish production, marketing and consumption.


Table of Contents

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
ABSTRACT
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.

INTRODUCTION

2.

CONCEPTS AND METHODS

3.

FISH PRODUCTION

 

3.1

Establishment of fish farms

 

3.2

Number of employees and remuneration

 

3.3

Species of fish grown by fish farms

 

3.4

Reasons for growing specific fish species

 

3.5

Fish farmers associations

 

3.6

Some practices of fish farmers

 

3.7

Storing fish products

 

3.8

Selling fish

 

3.9

Price of fish

 

3.10

Recreational fishing

 

3.11

Farmers' perception of their business environment

 

3.12

Problems with fish farming

 

3.13

Vulnerability components: constructing indicators

4.

TRADE

 

4.1

Exportation of fish and inter-oblast trade

 

4.2

Importation of fish

 

4.3

Sellers of fish and fish products

 

4.4

Buyers of fish and fish products

 

4.5

Price of fish and fish products

 

4.6

Marketing environment

5.

FISH CONSUMPTION

 

5.1

Household consumption

 

5.2

Institutional consumers

6.

ISSUES AND TRENDS

 

6.1

Issues and trends emerging from the survey

7.

RECOMMENDATIONS

REFERENCES



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