Title:  State of the art report on quinoa around the world in 2013
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  State of the art report on quinoa around the world in 2013

State of the art
report on quinoa
around the world in 2013

Edited by
Bazile, D., Bertero, D. & Nieto, C.



Download full PDF  - 35Mb

 


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

Santiago, Chile
Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD)
Montpellier, France


Abstract

In 2013, the United Nations declared the International Year of Quinoa. It gave global priority to quinoa, fostering expectations and highlighting challenges. The scientific studies and articles compiled herein describe with precision the potential contribution of quinoa and its limitations with regard to its cultivation, and promote its consumption in different parts of the world.

The state of the world’s quinoa tracks the “footsteps” of quinoa to determine current sectorial trends in 2013 for this exceptional crop which, due to its nutritional qualities, its diversity and its resistance to drought and cold, has been identified as an important alternative to contribute to global food security, especially in areas where the population has no access to adequate sources of protein, or where there are environmental constraints to food crop production. In this context, the main aim of the State of the Art Report on Quinoa around the World is to bring together, within a single document, upto- date technical and scientific data on growing quinoa so as to encourage the dissemination of this knowledge, promote dialogue and debate amongst partners in the development of quinoa worldwide, and generate new expectations for the crop around the world, in view of its contributions to food security and the family farming economy and also considering the inherent risks of uncontrolled expansion. Special emphasis is given to the need to regulate the use of plant genetic resources, sustainability of agricultural systems and the fair and equitable distribution of benefits from using quinoa outside the Andean region.



Table of contents

List of authors
Acknowledgements
Foreword
General introduction

   [1.9Mb]
   

Section 1. Botanics,Domestication and Exchanges of Genetic Resources

Chapter 1.1. Botany, phylogeny and evolution

   [607Kb]
   

Chapter 1.2 Quinoa molecular and genomic tools

   [259Kb]
   

Chapter 1.3 Domestication and prehistoric distribution

   [402Kb]
   

Chapter 1.4 The dynamics of the global expansion of quinoa growing in view of its high biodiversity

   [873Kb]
   

Chapter 1.5 Quinoa genetic resources and ex situ conservation

   [1.2Mb]
   

Chapter 1.6 Quinoa and the exchange of genetic resources: Improving the regulation systems

   [443Kb]
   

Chapter 1.7 Voluntary payments for the conservation of quinoa diversity: exploring the role of payments for ecosystem services in the Andes

   [801Kb]
   

Section 2. Agronomic and ecological aspetcs

Chapter 2.1. Environmental control of development

   [1.3Mb]
   

Chapter 2.2 Seed physiology and response to germination conditions

   [637Kb]
   

Chapter 2.3 Tolerance to saline conditions

   [808Kb]
   

Chapter 2.4 Quinoa drought responses and adaptation

   [525Kb]
   

Chapter 2.5 Quinoa breeding and modern variety development

   [389Kb]
   

Chapter 2.6 Principle quinoa pests and diseases

   [968Kb]
   

Section 3. Nutritional and technical aspetcs

Chapter 3.1. Traditional processes and Technological Innovations in Quinoa Harvesting, Processing and Industrialization

   [1.1Mb]
   

Chapter 3.2 Fodder and animal feed

   [355Kb]
   

Chapter 3.3 Saponins

   [619Kb]
   

Chapter 3.4 Quinoa: Nutritional Aspects of the Rice of the Incas

   [308Kb]
   

Chapter 3.5 Nutraceutical perspectives of quinoa: biological properties and functional applications

   [364Kb]
   

Chapter 3.6 Quinoa, coeliac disease and gluten-free diet

   [543Kb]
   

Section 4. Social and economic aspects

Chapter 4.1. International quinoa trade

   [1.1Mb]
   

Chapter 4.2 Quinoa trade in Andean countries: Opportunities and challenges for family

   [1Mb]
   

Section 5. Quinoa crop in Andean countries

Chapter 5.1.a Quinoa in Bolivia: The PROINPA Foundation’s Perspective

   [1.6Mb]
   

Chapter 5.1.b The Southern Altiplano of Bolivia

   [1.2Mb]
   

Chapter 5.2 Peru

   [324Kb]
   

Chapter 5.3 Quinoa in Ecuador

   [1.2Mb]
   

Chapter 5.4 Quinoa in Chile

   [2.7Mb]
   

Chapter 5.5 Argentina

   [1.4Mb]
   

Section 6. Experimentation and current distribution

Sub-section 6.1 Europe and in theMediterranean basin

Chapter 6.11 Adaptation and scope for quinoa in northern latitudes of Europe

   [979Kb]
   

Chapter 6.12 « Quinoa d’Anjou »: the beginning of a French quinoa sector

   [1.7Mb]
   

Chapter 6.13 Quinoa in Italy: research and perspectives

   [2.9Mb]
   

Chapter 6.14 Quinoa experimentation and production in Turkey

   [937Kb]
   

Chapter 6.15 Status of quinoa production and research in Morocco

   [812Kb]
   

Chapter 6.16 Greece

   [4.8Mb]
   

Sub-section 6.2 Asia

Chapter 6.21 Quinoa in the Indian subcontinent

   [566Kb]
   

Sub-section 6.3 Africa

Chapter 6.31 Assessment and adaptation of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) to the agroclimatic conditions in Mali, West Africa: an example of South-North-South cooperation

   [3.6Mb]
   

Chapter 6.32 Production and utilization of Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) outside its traditional growing areas: a case of Kenya

  [925Kb]
   

Sub-section 6.4 North America and Brazil

Chapter 6.41 Quinoa in the United States of America and Canada

  [720Kb]
   

Chapter 6.42 Advances and Challenges for Quinoa Production and Utilization in Brazil

  [593Kb]
   

Conclusions

Chapter 7.1 Conclusions: Challenges, opportunities and threats to quinoa in the face of global change

Annexes

  [378Kb]
   



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