FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 499
Culture-based fisheries in Bangladesh
A socio-economic perspective
FAO Fisheries Management and Conservation Service
Paul M. Thompson
Flood Hazard Research Centre
Enfield, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
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© FAO 2007
|Valbo-Jørgensen, J.; Thompson, P.M.
Culture-based fi sheries in Bangladesh: a socio-economic perspective.
FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 499. Rome, FAO. 2007. 41p.
Fisheries policy in Bangladesh is still trying to get to grips with the major
(universal) dilemmas of maximizing benefi ts from natural resources while,
at the same time, ensuring an acceptable degree of equity in distribution of
benefi ts and protecting the ecosystems that support the resources. During
the twentieth century Bangladesh adopted one-sided production-oriented
policies in the agricultural sector to feed the rapidly growing population.
This strategy included increasing fi sh production, which was in decline
mainly as a result of environmental degradation brought about by the
expansion of agriculture. The solution was aquaculture development and
later the promotion of culture-based fi sheries and large scale stocking in the
fl oodplains and beels (lakes) that previously sustained the capture fi sheries.
Although fi sh production per se in many cases may have increased as a result
of this type of intervention, benefi ts are not socially and environmentally
ContentsPreparation of this document
Participatory planningAccess limitations
Involvement of NGOs
Distribution of benefits and costs
Choice of species: indigenous versus exoticAlternatives to stocking
Implications for fish consumption and nutrition
Who benefits from stocking?Measuring impacts on livelihoods
Alternative income generating activities