|FAO Fisheries Report No. 289||FIPP/FIRM/R289(En)|
REPORT OF THE EXPERT CONSULTATION ON THE REGULATION OF FISHING EFFORT (FISHING MORTALITY)
Rome, 17–26 January 1983
A Preparatory Meeting for the FAO World Conference
on Fisheries Management and Development
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PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
This is the report of the Expert Consultation on the Regulation of Fishing Effort (Fishing Mortality), one of the preparatory meetings for the World Conference on Fisheries Development and Management, as approved by the participants at the conclusion of the meeting in Rome, 17–26 January 1983. A more extensive study of the problems of controlling fishing effort, based on the written contribution to the Consultation, and the discussions during the meeting, is being prepared by Drs. Beddington and Rettig, and will be issued as a Fisheries Technical Paper. A selection of the papers submitted to the Consultation will be issued as a supplement to this Report.
|The problems of controlling fishing effort are reviewed. Any method should satisfy certain criteria - maintaining the productivity of the resource, economic performance, and equity (or social needs). The methods of achieving these objectives are reviewed; they include catch limits, direct control of fleet capacity (e.g., licence limitation), indirect measures (mesh size, closed areas), financial measures, and property rights. The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are discussed in the light of the established criteria. There is no simple single method. Management of most fisheries will require a mix of several approaches and cannot be separated from development.|
|Distribution:||For bibliographic purposes this document should be cited as follows:|
|FAO Fisheries Department|
FAO Regional Officers
Directors of Fisheries
FAO, 1983 Report of the Expert Consultation on the regulation of fishing effort (fishing mortality). Rome, 17–26 January 1983. A preparatory meeting for the FAO World Conference on fisheries management and development. FAO Fish.Rep., (289):34p.
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome © FAO 1983
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OPENING OF THE MEETING
CRITERIA FOR REGULATION
TECHNIQUES OF REGULATING FISHING EFFORT
Regulation by Catch Limits
Alternative approaches to effort regulation and some special problems
Gear selectivity/mesh regulations
Responses of fisheries
Regulation of effort by vessel licences/gear control, fishermen licensing
Conservation of the resource
Political and administrative feasibility
Regulation of fishing effort through monetary measures
Regulation of effort through property rights
EVALUATION OF TECHNIQUES OF REGULATING FISHING EFFORT
General Conclusions and Proposals for Action
Choice of management tools
APPENDIX 1: List of Participants
APPENDIX 2: Provisional Agenda and Time Table
APPENDIX 3: List of Documents