Development of Outrigger Canoes in Sri Lanka - BOBP/WP/61

WORKING PAPERS - BOBP/WP/61 (Revised)

Development of Outrigger Canoes in Sri Lanka

by
O Gulbrandsen
Naval Architect Consultant
Bay of Bengal Programme


Executing Agency: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Funding Agency: SWEDISH INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
&
DANISH INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

Development of Small-Scale Fisheries in the Bay of Bengal. Madras, India, November 1990

Table of Contents


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© FAO 2004

PREFACE

This paper discusses the role of outrigger canoes, traditional and modern, in Sri Lanka’s fisheries, and their future in the context of the availability of boatbuilding materials. It also discusses the aims and design features of new canoes developed and demonstrated in Sri Lanka with the assistance of BOBP, the Bay of Bengal Programme for Fisheries Development, and the performance of these canoes during trials in Negombo and Dodanduwa in southern Sri Lanka. Some suggestions have been made for future development.

The development work with new outrigger canoes, including the trials, was carried out in co-operation with private fishermen and boatyards.

The outrigger canoe subproject, and this paper which reports on it, have been sponsored by the BOBP’s project “Small-scale fisherfolk communities in the Bay of Bengal,” GCP/RAS/l 18/MUL. The project is funded jointly by SIDA (Swedish International Development Authority) and DANIDA (Danish International Development Agency) and executed by the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). The project covers seven countries around the Bay of Bengal (Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Thailand). The main goals of the project, which commenced in 1987, are to develop, demonstrate and promote new technologies and methodologies to improve the conditions of smallscale fisherfolk communities in member-countries.


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TABLE OF CONTENTS


WORKING PAPERS - BOBP/WP/61 (Revised)pdf

1. INTRODUCTION
2. THE ORU
3. CATAMARAN AND TRIMARAN
4. 12M CANOES WITH SINGLE OUTRIGGER
5. 8M CANOES WITH SINGLE OUTRIGGER
6. FUTURE DEVELOPMENT
7. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
8. REFERENCES

APPENDICES

1. Traditional craft
2. Oru - lake and lagoon
3. Oru - rowed
4. Oru with double sprit sail
5. Oru with dipping lug sail
6. Oru - construction
7. Catamaran
8. Trimaran
9. 12m FRP outrigger canoe
10. Catch record of 12m FRP outrigger canoe
11. l2m FRP Oru with longtail engine
12. SRL-l7, plywood outrigger canoe
13. Projections on timber supply
14. Timber for planked canoe construction
15. 8m outrigger canoe, SRL-18
16. Construction of SRL-18
17. Construction of SRL-19
18. Speed and fuel consumption tests

(a) 18-ft boat and outrigger canoes SRL-18, SRL-19
(b) outrigger canoe SRL-18 with different outriggers
(c) outrigger canoe SRL-19 with different boats


19. Plank outrigger
20. Production data and cash flow for SRL-18

PUBLICATIONS OF THE BAY OF BENGAL PROGRAMMEpdf