RAP PUBLICATION 2006/22
Status and potential of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific 2006
Robin Lungren, Derek Staples, Simon Funge-Smith & Jesper Clausen
|Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations|
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
The designation and presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.
All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for sale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Secretary, Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission, FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand or by E-mail to [email protected]
© FAO 2006
|For copies please write to:||The Secretary|
Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Athit Road
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4119
Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445
E-mail: [email protected]
PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT
GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE OF THIS REVIEW
1. CONTRIBUTIONS OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION
1.1 Contribution to national economies
1.2 Contribution to poverty alleviation and food security
2. PRODUCTION TRENDS OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE
2.1 Capture fisheries production in the Asia-Pacific region
2.2 aquaculture production in the asia-pacific region
2.3 Status and trends by subregions
3. STATUS OF RESOURCES
3.1 Assessing the status of fishery resources
3.2 Evidence from stock assessments
3.3 Evidence from historic trawl surveys
3.4 Evidence from large marine ecosystems
3.5 Evidence from fisher's perceptions
3.6 Water resources
3.7 Fishery resources
4. STATUS OF AQUACULTURE
4.1 Carnivorous species or species requiring higher production inputs
4.2 Finfish requiring lower inputs
4.5 Aquatic plants
4.6 Reptiles and amphibians
4.7 Niche aquaculture species
5. SELECTED ISSUES FACING FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
5.1 Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) in the Asia-Pacific region
5.2 Seafood quality and safety in the context of trade
6. OUTLOOK FOR FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC
6.1 Global and regional predictions
6.2 Unexploited fisheries
6.3 Small-scale fisheries
Table 1. Contribution of capture fisheries and aquaculture to GDP (2004)
Table 2. Top five trading States in 2004 (World) .
Table 3. Top ten seafood trading States in 2004 (APFIC region) .
Table 4. Estimates of low value/trash fish production in Asia-Pacific (tonnes)
Table 5. Top twenty capture production .
Table 6. Top ten aquaculture producers States in (2004)
Table 7. Top twenty cultured species in Asia-Pacific region by quantity
Table 8. South Asia capture fisheries production, top ten species
Table 9. Southeast Asia capture fisheries production, top ten species
Table 10. China capture fisheries production, top ten species .
Table 11. Unidentified capture production in China
Table 12. Other Asia capture fisheries production, top ten species
Table 13. Oceania capture fisheries production, top ten species .
Table 14. Summary of stock assessments in selected APFIC countries
Table 15. Comparison of catch, revenues, costs and profits
Table 16. The large marine ecosystems of the Asia-Pacific .
Table 17. Status of tuna species in the Western and Central Pacific and in the Indian Ocean .
Table 18. Aquaculture production reported under "marine finfish nei"
Table 19. Tilapia top eight producer States (2004)
Table 20. Countries exporting tilapia (2004)
Table 21. Carps and barbs top ten producer States (2004)
Table 22. Milkfish top four producer States (2004)
Table 23. Penaeid Shrimp to ten producer States (2004)
Table 24. Freshwater prawn top eight producer States (2004) .
Table 25. Lower value molluscs top ten producer (2002)
Table 26. Higher value molluscs top ten producer (2002)
Table 27. Aquatic plants top ten producer States (2004) .
Table 28. Aquatic plants top ten cultured species (2004)
Table 29. Niche aquaculture species (2004)
Table 30. Number of rejections at the border of EU from 1999-2002 .
Figure 1. Net exporters and net importers in the APFIC region.
Figure 2. Trends in global capture production
Figure 3. Trends in capture production by sub-region outside China .
Figure 4. Trends in capture production by species group outside China.
Figure 5. Trends in global aquaculture production.
Figure 6. Trends in aquaculture production of the Asia-Pacific region by environment
Figure 7. Trends in capture production of South Asia by environment
Figure 8. Capture production of South Asia by major species groups .
Figure 9. Trends in aquaculture production of South Asia by major species groups
Figure 10. Aquaculture production of major species in South Asia.
Figure 11. Trends in capture production of Southeast Asia by environment.
Figure 12. Capture production of Southeast Asia by major species groups .
Figure 13. Aquaculture production of Southeast Asia: proportion of major species groups
Figure 14. Trends in aquaculture production of Southeast Asia by major species groups
Figure 15. Trends in capture production of China by environment .
Figure 16. Capture production of China by major species groups
Figure 17. Trends in aquaculture production of China by environment
Figure 18. Trends in top eight cultured species in China
Figure 19. Trends in major cultured carnivorous species production in China
Figure 20. Trends in capture production of other Asia by environment
Figure 21. Capture production of other Asia by major species groups .
Figure 22. Aquaculture production of other Asia: proportion of major species groups
Figure 23. Trends in aquaculture production of other Asia by major species groups
Figure 24. Trends in capture production of Oceania by environment .
Figure 25. Capture production of Oceania by major species groups
Figure 26. Trawl surveys in the Asian region
Figure 27. Declines in the abundance of fish.
Figure 28. Changes in the composition of the top ten species
Figure 29. Mean trophic level index for the Kuroshio Current LME
Figure 30. Mean trophic level index for the Yellow Sea LME.
Figure 31. Mean trophic level index for the Bay of Bengal LME
Figure 32. Mean trophic level index for the Southeast Australia LME .
Figure 33. Trend in reporting by species for marine fishes in China PR
Figure 34. Asia-Pacifc region showing the high seas areas in the Pacific and Indian Oceans and national Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) and Territorial Seas