FAO ETHICS SERIES 3
The ethics of sustainable
Produced by the
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome, Italy
Tel. (+39) 06 57051
Fax: (+39) 06 57053152
The Organization acknowledges the contribution of Peter Kenmore, Clive Stannard and Professor Paul B. Thompson to the preparation of this publication.
The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
All rights reserved. Reproduction and dissemination of material in this information product for educational or other non-commercial purposes are authorized without any prior written permission from the copyright holders provided the source is fully acknowledged. Reproduction of material in this information product for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without written permission of the copyright holders. Applications for such permission should be addressed to the Chief, Publishing Management Service, Information Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy or by e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
© FAO 2004
An ethics framework
When is intensification ethically good? A utilitarian model
When is intensification ethically good? A rights-based model
Utilitarianism and rights-based ethics: further issues
When is intensification ethically good? A virtue-based model
How should burdens and benefits be distributed?
Who is responsible for ensuring that intensification occurs?