Soil solarization


Table of contents


 

 

FAO PLANT PRODUCTION AND PROTECTION PAPER 109
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 1991

Proceedings of the First International Conference on Soil Solarization
Amman, Jordan, 19-25 February 1990

Edited by
James E. DeVay
Plant Pathology Dept, University of California, Davis, CA
James J. Stapleton
Statewide Integrated Pest Management Project, University of California, Modesto, CA
Clyde L. Elmore
Botany Dept, University of California, Davis, CA

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

M-53
ISBN 92-5-103057-X

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO 1991


Contents


Preface
1. Opening of the conference
2. Plenary session

Historical review and principles of soil solarization
Solarization for greenhouse crops in Japan
Soil solarization: yield and quality benefits for potato in a temperate climate - short- and long-term effects and integrated control

3. Physical effects of soil solarization

Thermal inactivation of crop pests and pathogens and other sol changes caused by solarization
Physical aspects of soil solarization
Application of solar-heated water for soil solarization

4. Effect of soil solarization on fungi and bacteria

Use of soil solarization for control of fungal and bacterial plant pathogens including biocontrol
Control of verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt diseases by soil solarization in Southern Spain
Control of fusarium solani broad bean by solar heating of the soil in Northern Iraq
The use of solar energy for controlling white rot disease of garlic

5. Effect of soil solarization on weeds

Use of solarization for weed control
Effect of soil solarization on the yield of food legumes and on pest control
Weed control in vegetables by soil solarization

6. Effect of soil solarization on nematodes

Effectiveness of sol solarization for control of plant parasitic nematodes
Soil solarization and control of plant parasitic nematodes
Soil solarization for control of pratylenchus thornei on Chickpea in Syria.
The role of sol solarization in the scope of meloidogyne spp. integrated control under sandy soil conditions

7. Applications of soil solarization

Solarization of agricultural materials for sanitation and control of plant pathogens
Achievements of soil solarization in Egypt
Control of soilborne pathogens with soil solarization in the southern region of Libyan Jamahiriya
Soil solarization in tropical agriculture for pre- and post-plant applications
Use of black plastic for soil solarization and post-plant mulching.
Post-plant application of soil solarization for tree crops
Use of solarization in marginally suitable climates
Soil solarization in a plastic house

8. Development in plastics for soil solarization

Improvement of plastic technology for soil solarization
Influence of different colour plastic mulches used for sol solarization on the effectiveness of soil heating
Improvement in plastic technology for soil heating

9. Soil solarization in pest management

Simulated and field effects of ammonia-based fertilizers and soil solarization on pathogen survival, soil fertility, and crop growth
The efficacy of nematicides, solar heating and the fungus paecilomyces lilacinus in controlling root-knot nematode Meloidogyne javanica in Iraq

10. Economics and limitations of soil solarization

Cost of soil solarization
Current limitations to commerical uses of plastic mulches for soil solarization
Economic assessment of the long-term effects of the soil heating technology in Beni Suef Governorate

11. Concluding remarks
12. List of participants