The consultation would like to express its gratitude to the participants and FAO/WHO secretariat members who all contributed vigorously not only during the consultation, but in giving time and effort in preparation for the meeting and in developing the report, subsequently. In addition, gratitude is expressed to the following scientists who generously responded to requests for reviews of some of the background papers: Professor G.H. Anderson, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Professor W.P.T. James, Director, The Rowettt Research Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland; Dr O.A. Levander, Research Leader, Beltswille Human Nutrition Research Center, US Department of Agriculture, Beltswille, MD, USA; Dr Vinodini Reddy, Director, National Institute of Nutrition, Indian Council of Medical Research, Hyderabad, India; Professor Brittmarie Sandstrom, Research Department of Human Nutrition, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark.