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Annex - crop budgets*

Maize
Cotton
Sorgum
Sunflower
Groundnut

* Yield and input usage figures are for example only. Extension workers should base calculation on recommended economic rates of input use for their particular locations.

Crop budget 1
Small-farmer maize production

YIELD (t/ha)       1.2       3.5       4.5
 Labour days (per ha)112127140
    
Variable costs (per ha) - Prior to harvesting
1. Seed (kg)   25   25   25
2. Fertilizer costs (at farm gate)   
 a. Amm. Sulphate (bags)      5     5
 b. TSP (bags)       2
3. Insecticide   
 a. Cymbush (lit)   
 b. Thiodan (kg)   
4. Miscellaneous        2%        2%        2%
    
Subtotal   
    
Variable costs (per ha) - Harvesting and marketing
1. Packing materials   
 a. Bags   
 b. Twine (kg/ton)   
2. Transport (off farm)   
3. Miscellaneous        2%        2%        2%
    
Subtotal   
Total   

Source: Marketing Development Bureau - Tanzania

Crop budget 2
Small-farmer cotton production (unginned)

YIELD (kg/ha)500     1000       1500       
 Labour days (per ha)105     134     162     
    
Variable costs (per ha) - Prior to harvesting
1.Seed (kg)25    25    25    
2.Fertilizer costs (at farm gate)   
 a. NPK (bags)4   5   5   
 b. Amm. Nitrate (bags)2   3   4   
 c. Lime (bags)8   8   8   
3.Insecticide
 a. Carbaryl 85WP (kg)2.52.52.5
 b. Endosulfn 35MO (lit)2.52.52.5
 c. Synth. Pyrethtroid (lit)1.01.01.0
 d. Dimethoale 40EC (lit)0.50.50.5
 e. Triazophas 40EC (lit)0.70.70.7
 f. Molasses (lit)30     30     30     
4.Miscellaneous 2% 2% 2%
     
Subtotal
    
Variable costs (per ha) - Harvesting and marketing
1.Packing materials   
 a. Bags   
 b. Twine (kg/ton)   0.13   0.13   0.13
2.Transport (off farm)   
3.Miscellaneous 2% 2% 2%
    
Subtotal
Total

Source: AGRITEX - Zimbabwe

Crop budget 3
Small-farmer sorgum production

YIELD (t/ha)1   2   3   
 Labour days (per ha)100      105      116      
    
Variable costs (per ha) - Prior to harvesting
1.Seed (kg)15    15    15    
2.Fertilizer costs (at farm gate)
 a. NPK (bags)3   4   5   
 b. Amm. Nitrate (bags)1   2   3   
3.Insecticide
 a. Dimethoate (lit)0.90.90.9
 b. Dipterex (kg)4.04.04.0
4.Miscellaneous 2% 2% 2%
    
Subtotal
    
Variable costs (per ha) - harvesting and marketing
1.Packing materials
 a. Bags   
 b. Twine (kg/ton)0.20.20.2
2.Transport (off farm)   
3.Miscellaneous 2% 2% 2%
    
Subtotal
Total

Source: AGRITEX - Zimbabwe

Crop budget 4
Small-farmer sunflower production

YIELD (t/ha)0.51  1.52  
 Labour days (per ha)434        434       434        434      
     
Variable costs (per ha) - Prior to harvesting
1.Seed (kg)10   10   10   10   
2.Fertilizer costs (at farm gate)
 a. Compound (bags)    
 b. Amm. Nitrate (bags) 1  2  3  
3.Insecticide
 Endouslfan 50WP (kg)2  2  2  2  
 Molasses (lit)2  2  2  2  
4.Miscellaneous 2% 2% 2% 2%
     
Subtotal
     
Variable costs (per ha) - Harvesting and marketing
1.Packing materials
 a. Bags    
 b. Twine (kg/ton)0.20.20.20.2
2.Transport (of ffarm)    
3.Miscellaneous 2% 2% 2% 2%
     
Subtotal
Total

Source: AGRITEX — Zimbabwe

Crop budget 5
Small-farmer groundnut production

YIELD (t/ha)      0.5  1      1.5  2
 Labour days (per ha)76839097
     
Variable costs (per ha) - Prior to harvesting
1.Seed
 a. Purchased (kg)25252525
 b. Homegrown (kg)75757575
2.Fertilizer costs (at farm gate)
 a. SSP (bags)    
 b. Gypsum (bags)    
 c. Transport of Fertilizer    
3.Insecticide    
 a. Dimethoate (lit)      0.9      0.9      0.9      0.9
4.Seed Treatment
 a. Innoculant (units)  2  2  2  2
 b. Thiram 80WP (kg)      0.1      0.1      0.1      0.1
5.Miscellaneous      2%      2%      2%      2%
     
Subtotal
     
Variable costs (per ha) - Harvesting and marketing
1.Packing materials
 a. Bags    
 b. Twine (kg/ton)      0.2      0.2      0.2      0.2
2.Transport (off farm)    
3.Miscellaneous      2%      2%      2%      2%
Subtotal
Total

Source: AGRITEX — Zimbabwe



Production and DTP : Judita Hribar
Artwork: Consuelo Macías Duimich

The following is a list of booklets published in the MARKETING EXTENSION GUIDE series:

A guide to MARKETING COSTS and how to calculate them 1993, 59 pp. (E F S)

A guide to MAIZE MARKETING for extension officers 1999, 111 pp. (E)

Other titles are planned.

Available in: E - English
F - French
S - Spanish

These publications are available from FAO's Marketing and Rural Finance Service. Suggestions for further publications are welcomed.

For further copies of this publication and for information on FAO's activities related to agricultural marketing please write to:

Marketing and Rural Finance Service Agricultural Support Systems Division Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome, Italy

FAX: (+39-06) 57056850
E-mail: AGS-Registry@fao.org

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