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1 Developed by participants from India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, China, Mongolia and Sri Lanka during the "Workshop on National-Level Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Management of Dry Forests in Asia" organized by FAO/UNEP/ITTO/IIFM, Bhopal, India. 30 November - 3 December 1999.

Criterion 1: Extent of Forest and Tree Cover

1.1 Area of natural and man-made forests
1.2 Area of dense, open and, scrub forest
1.3 Area under trees outside forest
1.4 Forest area diverted for non-forestry use
1.5 Extent of encroachment in forest areas

Criterion 2: Maintenance of Ecosystem Health and Vitality

2.1 Extent of natural regeneration
2.2 Extent of secondary forests
2.3 Extent of forest area under:
· noxious weeds
· pests and diseases of epidemic proportions
2.4 Extent of forest area affected by:
· grazing
· fire
· storms
· floods
· droughts
· wind

Criterion 3: Maintenance and Enhancement of Bio-diversity

3.1 Extent of protected areas
3.2 Number of threatened, keystone, flagship and endemic species of plants and animals
3.3 List of flora and fauna
3.4 Degree of non-destructive harvest
3.5 Percentage of cover by forest type and/or species
3.6 Existence of mechanisms for the conservation of genetic resources

Criterion 4: Conservation and Enhancement of Soil and Water Resources and other Environmental Functions

4.1 Extent of watershed areas under management
4.2 Area under shelter and green belts
4.3 Duration of stream-flow and water yield
4.4 Extent/degree of soil erosion
4.5 Change in level of water table
4.6 Change in sediment load

Criterion 5: Maintenance and Enhancement of Forest Productivity

5.1 The extent of forest area under forest management plans
5.2 Changes in growing stock of wood and NWFPs
5.3 Difference between annual allowable and actual cuts
5.4 Annual NWFP removal/extraction
5.5 Area of afforestation and new plantations including agroforestry
5.5 Degree of technological inputs
5.6 Contribution of forest to GDP through total economic value

Criterion 6: Extent of Forest Resource Utilization

6.1 Per capita wood and non-wood forest produce consumption
6.2 Import and export of wood and non-wood forest products
6.3 Recorded and unrecorded removals of wood and NWFPs

Criterion 7: Socio-economic, Cultural and Spiritual Needs

7.1 The Degree of contribution of forest management activities to food security including other livelihood needs
7.2 Level of recreation, cultural, religious and aesthetic needs
7.3 Gender Related Indices in Forestry (GDI in HDR of UNDP)
7.4 Degree of application of traditional knowledge
7.5 Direct and indirect employment in forestry and forest industries
7.6 Contribution of forest to the income of forest-dependent people

Criterion 8: Policy, Legal and Institutional Framework

8.1 Existence of national forest policy and legal framework
8.2 Extent of community, NGO and private sector participation in forestry activities
8.3 Investment in forestry research and development
8.4 Human resource capacity building mechanisms
8.5 Existence of forest resource accounting mechanisms
8.6 Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms
8.7 Existence of mechanisms for information dissemination
8.8 Existence of transfer of technology
8.9 Fiscal and monetary incentives for investing in forestry activity
8.10 Benefit sharing mechanism for stakeholders engaged in forest management activities
8.11 Existence of conflict management mechanisms
8.12 Changes in number of forest offences

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