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Barfield, T.J. (1993). The nomadic alternative. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.

Baxter, P.T.W., & Hogg, R. (1990). Property, poverty and people: changing rights in property and problems of pastoral development. Manchester: University of Manchester Press.

Butcher, C. (1994). Extension and pastoral development: past, present and future. Network Paper 37d. London: Overseas Development Institute (ODI).

Cliffe, L. (1989). The impact of war and the response to it in different agrarian systems in Eritrea. Development and Change, 20 (3), 373-400.

Dinucci, A. (2000a). Eritrea-Etiopia: le ragioni del conflitto. Giano, 36, 61-65.

Dinucci, A. (2000b). Considerazioni sulla politica indigena del primo colonialismo italiano in Eritrea: il caso dei Maria. Africana, 6, 85-93.

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FAO. (2000b). Eritrea: Gash-Barka livestock and agriculture development project. Socioeconomic and production systems study (Vols: 1-2). Report No. 99/019 IFAD-ERI. Rome: Investment Centre Division FAO/IFAD Cooperative Programme.

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Fre, Z. (1991). Eritrea: breeding for adversity. University of Reading Agricultural Extension and Rural Development Department Bulletin, 31, 18-25.

Fre, Z. (1992). Pastoralists and agropastoralists loosing ground: a Horn of Africa perspective. In H.O. Anders (Ed.), Security in African drylands: research, development and policy (pp. 159-182). Uppsala: Research Programme on Environment and International Security, Uppsala University.

Fre, Z. (2001). Pastoralism in Eritrea: to be or not to be with regional dimensions. Paper presented to Dry Lands workshop in Eritrea, March 26/28, 2001 (draft).

Garforth, C. (2001). Agricultural Knowledge and Information Systems in Eritrea: a study in sub-zoba Hagaz. Rome: FAO.

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Joireman, S.F. (1996). The minefield of land reform: comments on the Eritrean land proclamation. African Affairs, 95, 269-285.

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Lane, C. & Moorehead, R. (1994). New directions in rangeland and resource tenure and policy. In I. Scoones, Living with uncertainty: new directions in pastoral development in Africa (pp. 116-133). London: IT publications.

Krätli, S. (2001). Education provision to nomadic pastoralists: a literature review. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies (IDS).

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Niamir-Fuller, M. (Ed.). (1999). Managing mobility in african rangelands. The legitimization of transhumance. London: FAO & ITP.

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Scoones, I. (1994). Living with uncertainty: new directions in pastoral development in Africa. London: IT publications.

Steele, R.E. (2001). Eritrea - Creating a new extension service. In F.L. Brewer (Ed.), Agricultural extension systems: an international perspective (pp. 269-291). North Chelmsford, MA: Erudition Books, Courier Custom Publishing.

Swift, J. (1988). Major issues in pastoral development with special emphasis on selected African countries. Rome: FAO.

Tekeste, A., Tsehaye, G. & Dagnew, M. (1999). Health needs assessment of the Eritrean nomadic communities. London: PENHA.

Tesfai, A. (1999). Issues of governance in the Eritrean context. In Doornbos, M. & Tesfai, A. (Ed.), Post-conflict Eritrea: prospects for reconstruction and development (pp. 239-323). Lawrenceville, NJ: The Red Sea Press.

Tzeggai, T. (1996). The status, constraints and problems of the livestock sector in Eritrea. In ASARECA & CRSP, East African Livestock Assessment Workshop, January 29- February 1, 1996, Entebbe, Uganda (pp. 100-108).

Warren, D.M. (1991). Using indigenous knowledge for agricultural development. World Bank Discussion Paper 127. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

Waters-Bayer, A. & Bayer, W. (1994). Planning with pastoralists: PRA and more. A review of methods focused on Africa. Göttingen: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ).

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