FAO Fisheries Circular No. 989
FIRI/C989(En)

 

Genetically Modified Organisms and Aquaculture

by
John A. Beardmore and Joanne S. Porter
University of Wales Swansea
United Kingdom

 
Table of Contents
   
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2003

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ISSN 0429-9329

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Table of Contents

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

1. INTRODUCTION

2. THE NATURE OF GMOS

3. WHY ARE GMOS PRODUCED?

4. GMOS IN AQUATIC SPECIES

5. THE PROCESS OF GENETIC MODIFICATION

5.1 Choice of target genes
5.2 Isolation of the gene of interest
5.3 Cloning the gene of interest
5.4 The construct
5.5 Techniques for inducing transgenics
5.6 Integration sites
5.7 Expression of gene
5.8 Inheritance of gene

6. FIELD OF TRANSGENICS

7. GENETIC ARCHITECTURE OF QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERS

8. BENEFITS ARISING FROM THE USE OF GMOS

8.1 Aquaculture
8.2 Other uses of transgenics in aquatic species
8.3 Commercial significance

9. RISK FACTORS OF GMOS

9.1 Human health
9.2 Biodiversity
9.3 Animal welfare
9.4 Poor communities

9.4.1 Dependence on external agencies for seed fish
9.4.2 Intellectual property rights

10. REGULATION, POLICY AND THE CLIMATE OF ACCEPTANCE

11. CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES