This paper was written under the framework of the project Natural Toxins (RIVM project 310301), implemented by the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, the Netherlands, on behalf of the Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority, the Netherlands.
FAO wishes to acknowledge the valuable work of the authors, H.P. Van Egmond, M.E. Van Apeldoorn and G.J.A. Speijers from the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, the Netherlands. The contributions provided by G. Van de Werken (National Institute for Public Health and the Environment) and R.W. Stephany (Utrecht University and National Institute for Public Health and the Environment) are gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks go to D.G. Groothuis (Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority) for facilitating and continuously supporting the activities that have led to this review. Thanks are also due to C. Bélin, Ifremer (Nantes, France) for providing maps on monitoring for toxic algae and occurrence of marine biotoxins in the coastal waters of countries of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). Last but not least, FAO wishes to acknowledge all the countries that contributed to this work through the collection and provision of valuable data and information.