Import Regulatory System - ISPM No. 20
ISPM No. 20

Publication No. 20
April 2004

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR
PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES

GUIDELINES FOR A PHYTOSANITARY
IMPORT REGULATORY SYSTEM

ISPM No. 20


Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2004

 

Table of Contents


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© FAO 2004


CONTENTS

Endorsement
Application
Review and amendment
Distribution

INTRODUCTION

SCOPE
REFERENCES
DEFINITIONS
OUTLINE OF REQUIREMENTS

REQUIREMENTS

1. Objective

2. Structure

3. Rights, Obligations and Responsibilities
3.1. International agreements, principles and standards
3.2. Regional cooperation

4. Regulatory Framework
4.1. Regulated articles
4.2. Phytosanitary measures for regulated articles

4.2.1. Measures for consignments to be imported

4.2.1.1. Provision for special imports
4.2.1.2. Pest free areas, pest free places of production, pest free production sites, areas of low pest prevalence and official control programmes

4.2.2. Import authorization
4.2.3. Prohibitions

4.3. Consignments in transit
4.4. Measures concerning non-compliance and emergency action
4.5. Other elements that may require a regulatory framework
4.6. Legal authority for the NPPO

5. Operation of an Import Regulatory System
5.1. Management and operational responsibilities of the NPPO

5.1.1. Administration
5.1.2. Regulatory development and revision
5.1.3. Surveillance
5.1.4. Pest risk analysis and pest listing
5.1.5. Audit and compliance checking

5.1.5.1. Audit of procedures in the exporting country
5.1.5.2. Compliance checking at import

5.1.6. Non-compliance and emergency action

5.1.6.1. Action in case of non-compliance
5.1.6.2. Emergency action
5.1.6.3. Reporting of non-compliance and emergency action
5.1.6.4. Withdrawal or modification of regulation

5.1.7. Systems for authorization of non-NPPO personnel
5.1.8. International liaison
5.1.9. Notification and dissemination of regulatory information

5.1.9.1. New or revised regulations
5.1.9.2. Dissemination of established regulations

5.1.10. National liaison
5.1.11. Settlement of disputes

5.2. Resources of the NPPO

5.2.1. Staff, including training
5.2.2. Information
5.2.3. Equipment and facilities

DOCUMENTATION, COMMUNICATION AND REVIEW

6. Documentation
6.1. Procedures
6.2. Records

7. Communication

8. Review Mechanism
8.1. System review
8.2. Incident review

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR PHYTOSANITARY MEASURES (ISPMS)