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Indonesian Regulatory Framework For The Control Of Residues Of Veterinary Drugs

Fadjar Sumping Tjatur Rasa, Indonesia


Indonesia is one of the countries where the agriculture sector can be considered to be a main national income resource. The agriculture development has been a main focus of the national development programs. To support agriculture development the government has established some policies and recently some programs have been set up to accelerate growth of agriculture production and the transformation of the agriculture system from traditional small holder farming to modern business agriculture industries.

As a result of the growing public knowledge on the quality of food products particularly on food safety and as part of the requirement in international trade, the residue of veterinary drugs have become an important issue both in the country and at international level. The residue problems should be controlled systematically to prevent from potential risk on human health and to eliminate distortion of trade.

The Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) through the Directorate General of Livestock Services (DGLS) is responsible for controlling livestock production including animal health and quality of livestock products. The regulations based on Law no.6, 1967 which stipulated the authority to control animal health and livestock production, including veterinary public health.

In connection with the use of veterinary drugs in aquaculture the law is effective and being referred, however the authority is under the Ministry of fisheries.

Regulatory Framework

On controlling of the residue of veterinary drugs in livestock products the initiatives were focused on 2 main aspects: Strengthening of veterinary drugs control and Improving the quality of livestock products.

A. The control of veterinary drugs

Legal Aspects

The Institutions

The control systems

The control of veterinary drugs covers the administration and registration system, assay system, Good Manufacturing Practice, monitoring and surveillance system, monitoring of drug side effect and the prudent use of veterinary drugs.

B. The Quality control of livestock products

Legal aspects

The Institutions

Residue control system


The system for the control of residues of veterinary drugs in Indonesia has been designed and established, however, the are still many problems to be faced which need to be phased out, relating to facilities, human resources, and laws enforcement.

The development of technology involved is growing very fast such as ultra sensitive analytical methods which require sophisticated instruments and high budget demand. These conditions should be considered to assure the continuity of agriculture developments in country and to prevent distortions on international trade.

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