Working Paper FP/25

Planted Forests and Trees Working Papers



M. Varmola and A. Del Lungo

July 2003

Forest Resources Development Service Working Paper FP/25
Forest Resources Division FAO, Rome (Italy)
Forestry Department


This working paper was carried out under a Visiting Expert agreement between FAO and Finnish Forest Research Institute under the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland and in collaboration with University of Tuscia, Italy.


The Planted Forests and Trees Working Paper, report on issues and activities in planted forests. These working papers do not reflect any official position of FAO. Please refer to the FAO website ( for official information.

The purpose of these papers is to provide early release of information on on-going activities and programmes, and to stimulate discussion.

Comments and feedback are welcome.

For further information please contact:

Mr. Jim Carle, Senior Forestry Officer (Plantations and Protection)
Forest Resources Development Service
Forest Resources Division
Forestry Department
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
I-00100 Rome (Italy)

For quotation:

FAO (2003). Planted forests database (PFDB): structure and contents
by M. Varmola and A. Del Lungo.
Planted Forests and Trees Working Papers, Working Paper 25.
Forest Resources Development Service,
Forest Resources Division. FAO,
Rome (unpublished).

Working Paper number 25 is the first with renewed series title. The “Forest Plantation series, available from Working Papers 1 to 24 has changed to the new series title, “Planted Forests and Trees Working Paper”, but numeration will not change.


ADDF Afforestation Division Department of Forestry, Bhutan
AEFCS Administration des Eaux et Forêts et de la Conservation des Sols, Morocco
AFPA American Forest & Paper Association
APFSOS Asia-Pacific Forestry Sector Outlook Study
BC Belgian Commission
CARICOM Caribbean Community
CCFM Canadian Council of Forest Ministers
CEFAO Commission Européenne Food Agriculture Organization
CIDA Canadian International Development Agency
CIFOR Centre for International Research
CIRAD Centre de coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
CNÁC Comisión Nacional del Álamo de Chile
CPC Croatian Poplar Commission
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research
CSO Central Statistical Office, Swaziland
CTPD Coopération Technique entre les Pays en Développement, Burundi
DAD Department of Agricultural Development, Qatar
DEFCS Direction des Eaux et Forêts et de la Conservation des Sols, Rwanda
DENR Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Philippines
DF Département des Forêts, Rwanda
DFR Department of Forest Resources, China
DFRN Direction des Forêts et des Ressources Naturelles, Benin
DFW Department of Forestry and Wildlife, Cambodia
DGEF Direction Générale des Eaux et Forêts, Burkina Faso
DMLWE Department, Ministry of Lands Water and Environment, Kenya
DNFC Direction Nationale des Forêts et Chasse, Guinea
DNP Departamento Nacional de Plantación, Colombia
DOF Department of Forests, Lao PDR
DSF Département des Sciences Forestières, Canada
DWAF Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, South Africa
ECE Economic Commission for Europe
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FBD Forestry & Beekeeping Division, Senegal
FC Forestry Commission, Zimbabwe
FD Forestry Division
FIMO Forest Inventory & Management Office, Lao PDR
FMB Forest Management Bureau, Philippines
FORIS Forest Resources Information System
FORMECU Forestry Monitoring, Evaluation and Coordinating Unit, Nigeria
FRA Forest Resources Assessment
FS Forestry Service, Mauritius
FSD Forestry Services Division, Bhutan
FSI Forest Survey of India
FWD Forestry and Wildlife Department
GAAFA General Authority of Agriculture and Fisheries Affairs, Kuwait
GEMS Global Environment Monitoring Systems
GFPOS Global Forest Products Outlook Study
GOJ Government of Jamaica
GOPA Gesellschaft für Organisation, Planung und Ausbildung
HFM Heads of Forestry Meeting, Fiji
ICRAF International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
ICPP International Plant Protection Convention
IITF International Institute of Tropical Forestry
INDUFOR Consulting services in sustainable forestry and environment
INEFAN Instituto Ecuatoriano Forestal y de Áreas Naturales, Ecuador
INFOR Instituto Nacional Forestal, Chile
INRENARE Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales Renovables, Panama
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IRSG International Rubber Study Group

ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization
IUCN The World Conservation Union
IUFRO International Union of Forestry Research Organizations
JOFCA Japan Overseas Forestry Consultants Association
KNPC Korea National Poplar Commission
MAAR Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, Syria
MADR Ministère de l'Agriculture et du Développement Rural, Angola
MAE Ministère de L'Agriculture et de L'Élevage, Fiji.
MAEEFP Ministère de l'Agriculture, de l'Élevage, des Eaux et Forêts et de la Pêche, Congo
MAF Ministry of Agriculture & Forests, Turkey
MAI Mean Annual Increment, m3 ha-1 yr-1
MALF Ministry of Agriculture, Lands and Forestry, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka
MALR Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Egypt
MARNR Ministerio del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables, Venezuela
MDA Ministerio de Agricultura, Peru
MDAA Ministerio de Agricultura y Alimentación, Peru
MENR Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Kenya
MF Ministry of Forestry, Turkey
MFSC Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Nepal
MGAP Ministerio de Ganadería, Agricultura y Pesca, Cuba
MLNRT Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Tourism, Tanzania
MNR Ministry of Natural Resources, Suriname
MNRDEP Ministry of Natural Resources Development and Environmental Protection, Ethiopia
MOA Ministry of Agriculture, Jordan
MOAC Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, South Africa.
MOAFF Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Japan
MOEF Ministry of Environment of Forests, Bangadlesh
MOF Ministry of Forestry, Indonesia
MPAAR Ministère des Pêches, Agriculture et Animation Rurale, Cape Verde
MPIA Ministère de la Production, de l'Industrie et de l'Artisanat, Comoros
N Number of observations
NAEB National Afforestation and Eco-development Board, India
NAP National Academy Press, U.S.A.
NAS National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A.
NDFW National Directorate of Forestry and Wildlife, Mozambique
NFAPSC National Forestry Action Plan Steering Committee
NFS National Forest Service, Papua New Guinea
NPCC National Poplar Committee of China
NPCH National poplar Commission of Hungary
NPWCR National Poplar and Willow Commission Romania
NRC National Research Council, USA
PCFRG Poplar Commission of the Federal Republic of Germany
PFDB Planted Forests Data Base
PP Perum Perhutani, Indonesia
PRI Poplar Research Institute, Italy
PRINS Poplar Research Institute, Novi Sad, Yugoslavia
PRONAMACHCS Programa Nacional de Manejo de Cuencas Hidrográficas y Conservación de Suelos, Peru
RFD Royal Forest Department, Thailand
RL Rotation Length, yr
SADC Southern African Development Community
SAGyP Secretaría de Agricultura, Ganadería y Pesca, Argentina
SARH Secretaría de Agricultura y Recursos Hidráulicos, Mexico
SEMARNAP Secretaría de Medio Ambiente, Recursos Naturales y Pesca, Mexico
SFFS Subsecretaría Forestal y de Fauna Silvestre, Mexico
SNU Sub-National Unit
SOFO State of World’s Forests
SRECR Station de Recherches sur les Essences à Croissance Rapide, Bulgaria
STCP Sustainable Tree Crops Program
UN United Nations
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNEP United Nations Environment Programm




1 Introduction

1.1 The importance of forest plantations in world wood supply
1.2 Definitions and history of forest plantations and planted forests assessments in FAO
1.3 Current situation in forest plantations and planted forest data
1.4 Why Planted Forest DataBase (PFDB)

2 Database elements

2.1 Classifications and variables of PFDB and FRA 2000

2.2 References

3 Database contents and interface

3.1 General

3.2 Contents

3.3 Database interface

4 Database improvements

4.1 Current database situation
4.2 Planted forests for core point of next FRA
4.3 Free entrance to PFDB
4.4 New elements of PFDB and connections to other databases


Country references

Appendix 1. List of countries in PFDB and reference source numbers (see Country references list).
Appendix 2. Planted forest gross areas in 2000 according to FRA 2000 and classification of countries according to their planting development.
Appendix 3. Gross area of tree species, genera, species groups based on the PFDB data.
Appendix 4. Tree species used in planted forests and their frequence expressed as number of countries with observations (N).
Appendix 5. Poplar plantation areas by countries.
Appendix 6. Mimimum, average and maximum mean annual increment (MAI, m3 ha-1 yr-1) of selected tree species (more than one observation in each class) and number of observations.
Appendix 7. Average rotation length of selected tree species (more than two observations) and number of observations.
Appendix 8. Mean annual increment vs. rotation length of tree species having more than 30 observations.

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