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Mapping Supply and Demand


Livestock is one of the fastest-growing sectors in agriculture, potentially presenting opportunities for economic growth and poverty reduction in rural areas. Unless carefully managed though, the main social effects may be negative – if the livestock-dependent poor are squeezed out of markets and are presented with few viable livelihood alternatives. Dealing with the important social, environmental and public health issues linked to sector growth will require solutions that embrace the way in which the livestock sector grows to meet increasing demand for animal-source foods. It is important therefore to understand where growth in demand for livestock commodities is likely to occur, and how and where production of livestock commodities will be increased in order to meet it.


Estimates of supply and demand for animal-source foods, provided by the Global Perspective Studies Unit at FAO, have been disaggregated spatially for the years 2000 and 2030. Demand for animal-source foods (beef, milk, mutton, pork, poultry meat and eggs) was mapped by estimating per-capita consumption and applying this to mapped population distributions in 2000. Population maps were produced for 2030 based on projected population growth and urbanisation rates and future estimates of per-capita demand applied to these. Similarly, livestock production maps were produced by spatially disaggregating the estimated production based on maps of the relevant livestock species (from the Gridded Livestock of the World). Methods and results are presented in the forthcoming AGA working paper “Mapping Supply and Demand for Animal Source Foods to 2030” (by T.P. Robinson and F. Pozzi, 2011).


SUPPLY AND DEMAND FOR ANIMAL-SOURCE FOODS
Livestock product Layouts Data* Google Earth
Beef photo icon web icon google earth icon
Milk photo icon web icon google earth icon
Mutton photo icon web icon google earth icon
Pork photo icon web icon google earth icon
Poultry meat photo icon web icon google earth icon
Eggs photo icon web icon google earth icon

 

* GIS and tabular data are distributed through FAO GeoNetwork by livestock product and continental tile (Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania and South America)