INTRODUCTION
0.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE MANUAL
0.1. 3 TABLE OF THE CONTENTS
                                     (Modules contained in this folder)
INTRODUCTION
0.1
INTRODUCTION TO THE MANUAL
0.1.1
           Acknowledgements and reference
0.1.2
            How to use the Manual and the modules
0.1.3
           Table of contents
0.1.4
           Evaluation of the Training Modules
0.2
INTRODUCTION TO DRAUGHT ANIMAL POWER
0.2.1
The use of draught animal power in agriculture (Malawi Version)
0.2.1
The use of draught animal power in agriculture (Uganda Version)
0.2.2
                Budgeting for animal power in agriculture (Part 1)
0.2.3
                 Budgeting for animal power in agriculture (Part 2)
CHAPTER1
SELECTION AND CARE OF DRAUGHT ANIMALS
1. 1
SELECTION PROCESS
1.1.1
          Choice of species
1. 2
SELECTION CRITERIA FOR DRAUGHT ANIMALS
1.2.1
         Selection of cattle for work
1.2.2
         Selection of donkeys for work
1. 3
CARE OF DRAUGHT CATTLE
1.3.1
        Husbandry of working cattle
1.3.2
         Strategies for feeding work cattle
1.3.3
        Housing for working cattle
1.3.4
        Health care of working cattle
1. 4
CARE OF DONKEYS
1.4.1
       Daily care of donkeys
1.4.2
        Feeding donkeys
1.4.3
        Management and housing of donkeys
1.4.4
        Health care donkeys
CHAPTER2
HARNESSING OF DRAUGHT AND TRAINING
2. 1
HARNESSING OF DRAUGHT CATTLE
2.1.1
      Making the shoulder yoke (General)
2.1.2
      Making the wooden shoulder yoke (Details)
2.1.3
      Making the head yoke
2.1.4
      Harnessing single cattle
2.1.5
      The head harness for draught cattle
2.1.6
      How to make the reins from raw hide
2.1.7
    Use of nose rings and ear reins for draught cattle
2. 2
TRAINING OF DRAUGHT CATTLE
2.2.1
     Introduction to draught cattle training methods
2.2.2
     Training draught cattle to use the yoke
2.2.3
     Training draught cattle to use implements
2.2.4
     Training young draught cattle
2. 3
HARNESSING OF DONKEYS
2.3.1
     Types of donkeys harness for pulling implements
2.3.2
            Harnessing donkeys to carts and in teams
2. 4
TRAINING OF DONKEYS
2.4.1
     The first steps in training the donkey
2.4.2
     Training the donkey to use the harness
2.4.3
    Training donkeys to work with the implements
2.4.4
     Training single donkeys to work with implements
CHAPTER3
SEEDBED PREPARATION
3. 1
INTRODUCTION TO SOIL CULTIVATIONS
3.1.1
         Objectives and techniques
3. 2
PLOUGHING EQUIPMENT
3.2.1
         Choosing and checking the mouldboard plough
3.2.2
         Using the mouldboard plough
3.2.3
         Using the Ecuandino plough
3. 3
TECHNIQUES OF PLOUGHING
3.3.1
        Field lay-out and conventional ploughing methods
3.3.2
        Field lay-out and contour ploughing methods
3.3.3
        Field lay-out and reversible ploughing methods
3.3.4
        Methods for making opening furrows
3.3.5
          Methods for making finishing furrows
3. 4
METHODS OF REDUCED TILLAGE
3.4.1
        Using the scarifier
3. 5
TECHNIQUES OF HARROWING
3.5.1
       The choice and use of the harrow
3. 6
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
3.6.1
           Maintenance, repair and making spare parts
3.6.2
         Plough parts made by the blacksmith
3.6.3
           Replacement parts for the cultivator
CHAPTER4
CROP HUSBANDRY
4. 1
CROP SOWING
4.1.1
              Planning the seedbed preparation
4.1.2
              Sowing and application of fertilizer
4.1.3
              Using the Super "Eco" seeder
4.1.4
            Using the Agrimal planter
4. 2
RIDGING EQUIPMENT
4.2.1
              Using the Agrimal and Arara ridger
4. 3
INTER-ROW WEEDING EQUIPMENT
4.3.1
            Using the Agrimal and Arara cultivators
4.3.2
             Using alternative weeding cultivators
CHAPTER5
EQUIPMENT FOR TRANSPORT AND LAND FORMING
5. 1
FARM CARTS
5.1.1
            Types of farm cart and their maintenance
5.1.2
            Repair of  farm carts
5. 2
SPECIALIZED EQUIPMENT FOR PACK ANIMALS
5.2.1
            Equipment for pack donkeys
5. 3
SPECIALIZED OPERATIONS WITH ANIMALS
5.3.1
          Land formation equipment
5.3.2
             Logging with draught animals
ANNEX
NOTES FOR THE INSTRUCTORS
These notes indicate the objectives of all above Modules and suggest practical exercises      which could usefully be incorporated into the training programme