In the Southern Rift Valley (SRV) of
Ethiopia, the presence of tsetse fly denies access to lower
fertile valleys which causes over-stocking and overuse of
natural resources in the highlands due to heavy population
density and pressure. In addition, millions of cattle and
small ruminants are at risk of the disease. This situation
contributes to the perpetuation of poverty.
For many years efforts deployed to reduce the T&T impact
on sustainable livestock-agricultural development relied on
the use of prophylactic drug treatments with partial success.
More recently, the Government has decided to implement a pilot
project aiming at the elimination of the vector and the disease.
A ten-year programme was set up in 1997. Some 10,500 km² of
an overall 25,000 km² area were selected. The area is isolated
from adjacent infested areas, harbours only one fly species
(i.e. Glossina pallidipes) and has high agricultural potential
offering great opportunities for poverty reduction and food
security. An areawide integrated pest management approach
guides the implementation of the field programme. This pilot
action will serve as a model for future interventions. The
strategy is to integrate activities against tsetse and Trypanosomosis
with five complementary programme components dealing with
socio-economics, land use-land tenure and natural resources
management, training and information, agricultural production
In March 2006, the Japanese Government and the United Nations
have granted over $1.7 million to a joint IAEA-FAO project
to remove the tsetse fly and the disease it transmits from
the Southern Rift Valley in Ethiopia.