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GIEWS Update-detail
FAO/GIEWS Global Watch

5 November 2007

Humanitarian Emergency Worsens in the Shabelle Regions of Somalia
A new wave of thousands of families flee Mogadishu



Renewed armed conflict and civil insecurity in Mogadishu has resulted in a new wave of thousands of people fleeing the capital to the surrounding Shabelle regions. This new displacement signals a significant deterioration in an already serious Humanitarian Emergency ongoing since March 2007 in the Shabelle regions due to conflict, drought and displacement, affecting more than an estimated 600 000 people.

Overall, the combined effects of the worst main cropping “gu” season in thirteen years, disruptions in trade, displacement, high inflation and continued civil insecurity are drastically reducing household food access. The humanitarian situation, especially in the Shabelle Valley, Hiran and Mogadishu regions where households are already extremely food insecure, continues to deteriorate.

Cereal production in the current main agricultural "gu" season in southern Somalia was estimated at 48 600 tonnes, representing only 31 percent of the 1995 to 2006 post-war average and 43 percent of last year’s gu production. The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance has increased by 50 percent in the last six months from 1 million to 1.5 million people. Nearly one-fifth of these people are classified in Humanitarian Emergency (HE) requiring life saving interventions while a third are in Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis (AFLC) requiring livelihood support. In addition, there are 325 000 people who are newly displaced from Mogadishu and 400 000 already displaced requiring both life and livelihood saving interventions.

Further information and analysis can be accessed from the Food Security Assessment Unit (FSAU) at: www.fsausomali.org.