site of the American network of fluxtower sites.
of the Biosphere
Atlas of the Biosphere is a project of the University of
Wisconsin's Institute for Environmental Studies' Center
for Sustainability and the Global Environment (SAGE). Their
goal is to provide more information about the environment,
and human interactions with the environment, than any other
network, constructed by an initiation of Japanese researchers
in the cooperation with Asian researchers.
MODIS Terrestrial Ecology Products with Satellite and In-situ
measurements. The BigFoot project grew from a workshop held
in 1996 which was attended by ecologists and scientists
of related disciplines, primarily from the Long Term Ecological
Research (LTER) Network. The purpose was to explore validation
protocols and scaling issues that would lead to an improved
understanding of several MODLand products.
Aspects of the Hydrological Cycle
BAHC is an interdisciplinary project combining and integrating
expertise from many disciplines, in particular ecophysiology,
pedology, hydrology, and meteorology. BAHC in this respect
has a transfer function across disciplines as well as across
A cluster of projects to understand and quantify the carbon
balance of Europe.
for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change
The site disseminates factual reports and sound commentary
on the climatic and biological consequences of the ongoing
rise in the air's CO2 content.
The CAN is an international consortium of nongovernmental
organizations (NGOs) that stimulates joint work and advocacy
by organizations that favor policies to reduce and mitigate
climate change and associated greenhouse gas emissions.
Change and Biosphere research programme
The CCB-Wageningen is the formalisation of a long-time collaboration
between Wageningen University (WAU) and Wageningen Research
Centre in the field of biospheric aspects of climate change.
Both organisations have been active on this issue for more
than 10 years, and together the five partner institutes
invest over 65 man-years on a broad range of topics in both
natural and socio-economic sciences.
This website provides day to day reporting by the Earth
Negotiations Bulletin on negotiating sessions, plus summary
editions at the conclusion of major meetings. It also provides
links to other documents and sites of interest.
A global network of micrometeorological tower sites that
use eddy covariance methods to measure the exchanges of
carbon dioxide (CO2), water vapor, and energy between terrestrial
ecosystem and atmosphere. At present, over 150 tower sites
are operating on a long-term and continuous basis. Researchers
also collect data on site vegetation, soil, hydrologic,
and meteorological characteristics at the tower sites.
Carbon Project (GCP)
The scientific goals of the Global Carbon Project is to
develop a complete picture of the global carbon cycle, including
both its biophysical and human dimensions together with
the interactions and feedbacks between them.
Global Change provides information on climate change and
Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems
GCTE is a Core Project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere
Programme (IGBP). Its scientific objectives is to predict
the effects of changes in climate, atmospheric composition,
and land use on terrestrial ecosystems.
Climate Change Briefing Book
The Briefing Book was compiled by the Congressional Research
Service, a branch of the Library of Congress providing nonpartisan
research reports to members of the House and Senate.
This is the website of the Global Environment Facility (GEF),
administered by the World Bank, the U.N. Development Programme
(UNDP), and the U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP). A major
focus of its funding in developing countries is on global
Forest Watch (GFW)
Global Forest Watch is an international data and mapping
network that combines on-the-ground knowledge with digital
technology to provide accurate information about the world's
Land Cover Characterization
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the University of Nebraska-Lincoln
(UNL), and the European Commission's Joint Research Centre
(JRC) have generated a 1-km resolution global land cover
characteristics data base for use in a wide range of environmental
research and modeling applications. The global land cover
characteristics database was developed on a continent-by-continent
Observation of Forest Cover
GOFC's overall objective is to improve the quality and availability
of observations of forests at regional and global scales
and to produce useful, timely and validated information
products from these data for a wide variety of users.
Vegetation Monitoring (GMV)
The GVM Unit's mission is to provide accurate information
on changes in the world's vegetation cover as needed for
EU policy in the areas of environment, development and external
GLOBALVIEW-CO2 is a cooperative effort among the many organizations
and institutions making high-quality atmospheric CO2 measurements.
The GLOBALVIEW-CO2 facilitates carbon cycle modeling studies
by processing the measurements (smoothed, interpolated,
and extrapolated), resulting in extended records that are
evenly incremented in time.
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Established by the World Meteorological Organization and
the United Nations Environment Programme, the IPCC's function
is to assess for policymakers the available scientific,
technical, and socio-economic information on global climate
change. The IPCC serves as the scientific and technical
advisory body of the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate
Change. This site contains their reports and technical papers.
Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP)
IGBPis a scientific research programme built around a family
of core project. Each core project carries out intergrative
research in a focused area of Earth System Science.
Landcare Research is an independent Crown Research Institute
that focuses on management of land resources for conservation
and for primary production. It has over 350 staff in locations
throughout New Zealand. Teams research all aspects of land
environments - from developing "sustainable" land
use systems, and managing weeds and pests, through to strategies
for maintaining underlying environmental quality and conserving
Product Validation (LVD)
LPV's main objectives are: 1. to increase the quality and
economy of global satellite product validation via developing
and promoting international standards and protocols; 2.
to evaluate, and to advocate mission-long validation programmes
for current and future earth observing satellites. The initial
products being addressed are land cover, leaf area index,
and fire/burn scar. A set of "core sites" are
being selected for each data product.
Mercury (a.k.a. Beija-flor) is a Web-based system to search
for metadata and retrieve associated data. Mercury also
implements a progressive cost-sharing model called the Mercury
Consortium. The users of a consortium (project) share the
general costs and share the benefits of development funded
by all participants.
Metolius carries out flux projects some of which are linked
Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System
NPOESS merges Department of Defense (DoD) and Department
of Commerce (DOC) meteorological satellite systems into
a single national asset.
for Economic Co-operation and Development
OECD is composed of developed country members. It analyzes
and recommends policies across a wide range of economic
and social issues. It maintains a section of its website
on climate change issues.
Centre on Global Climate Change
The Pew Center on Global Climate Change brings together
a cooperative initiative of large corporations including
Boeing, 3M, Maytag, BP America, Toyota, and Whirlpool, "to
educate the public on the risks, challenges, and solutions
to climate change."
for the Future
RFF is a nonprofit and nonpartisan organization that conducts
independent research -- rooted primarily in economics and
other social sciences -- on environmental and natural resource
issues. Library: Environment Papers and reports on specific
climate change issues.
TERRA-PNW integrates ecophysiological studies, modelling,
remote sensing, and geographic information systems using
novel approaches for addressing ecological issues in the
Pacific Northwest region.
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Centre
Includes the World Data Center for Atmospheric Trace Gases,
is the primary global-change data and information analysis
center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases
WDCGG is established under the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW)
programme to collect, archive and provide data for greenhouse
(CO2, CH4, CFCs, N2O, etc.) and related (CO, NOX, SO2, VOC,
etc.) gases in the atmosphere and ocean, measured under
GAW and other programmes.
World Fire Web (WFW)
WFW is a system for globally mapping fires in vegetation.
It is being developed in response to a call from scientists
and policy makers for globally consistent information on
the distribution and behaviour of fire in the environment.
Nations Environment Programme (The
Climate Change Information Kit with 30 fact sheets)
The UNEP is the environmental agency of the United Nations,
dealing with a wide range of international environmental
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
This is the official web site of the Climate Change Secretariat.
It provides access to the Kyoto Protocol, background information
on global climate change, official documents, country information,
greenhouse gas emissions inventories, national communications,
and upcoming meetings and workshops.
Modelling and Analysis Project
VEMAP is a large, collaborative, multi-agency program to
simulate and understand ecosystem dynamics for the continental
United States The project involves the development of common
data sets for model input.
Climate Research Programme (WCRP)
The WCRP was established in 1980. The objectives of the
programme are to develop the fundamental scientific understanding
of the physical climate system and climate processes needed
to determine to what extent climate can be predicted and
the extent of man's influence on climate.
The World Resources Institute carries out policy research
and technical assistance on global environmental and development
issues. The Climate Protection Initiative is a partnership
between WRI and leading corporations to define safe climate,
sound business scenarios policy pathways for stabilizing
greenhouse gas concentrations, meeting world energy demand,
while maintaining a healthy economic environment.