Mountains contain a wealth of diversity

Peru: A farmer in the Andes tends one of the region's native plants
FAO/20771/J. Spaull

Mountains are rich in biodiversity. A number of important crop varieties originated in mountain areas. For example, potatoes were first domesticated in the Andes, and the Hindu Kush/Himalaya is home to a rich variety of native fruits and cereals.

The specialized ecosystems found in mountains continue to be important reservoirs for plant genetic resources that offer tremendous potential for agriculture and medicine.

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