The above list is incomplete. Please contact us if you would like to suggest an additional FAO Programmes or Projects to be mentioned here!
Livelihood Support Programme (LSP)
The Livelihood Support Programme was initiated at the end of 2001. It evolved from the belief that FAO could have a greater impact on reducing poverty and food insecurity if its wealth experience were integrated into a more flexible and demand-responsive approach.
The LSP works through teams of FAO staff members, who want to tackle specific themes in a sustainable livelihoods context. The programme is functioning as a testing ground for interdisciplinary team approaches and sustainable livelihoods principles.
Why are we interested in sustainable livelihoods perspectives?
The main strength of a livelihoods focus is that it puts poor people at the centre. The approach builds on and promotes poor peoples strengths, skills, assets and potential, rather than viewing them as a liability or a drain on resources. This basic concept is often a key requirement in achieving sustainability in development projects.
Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches (SLAs) are not new, nor are they revolutionary. They build on best development principles and practice drawn from different cultural contexts.
Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches have evolved analytical frameworks which help in better understanding the situation of rural people through a ‘livelihoods perspective’. Such a perspective is particularly effective for analysing poverty and for understanding what makes rural people resilient or vulnerable. It is then possible to build a comprehensive understanding of the development context and system around these rural producers.
The programme is designed around interdisciplinary and interdepartmental teams, each working on a specific area of interest. The teams have been developed into eight sub-programmes. The sub-programmes consist of staff from various departments who are able to interface and integrate their work with FAO’s existing Programme of Work and Budget.
The sub-programmes can be divided into two groups according to their orientation;
i) One group of teams deals with the improvement and field testing of selected methodologies required within Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches.
ii) A second group of teams is oriented towards institutional learning and the integration of lessons learned.
The Livelihood Support Programme Structure
The work of the LSP is coordinated by an interdepartmental Programme Coordinating Team, which includes the co-convenors from each of the sub-programmes. The main outcomes anticipated from the work being carried out in each of the eight sub-programmes are:
Sustainable Fisheries Livelihoods Programme
The SFLP aims to reduce poverty in coastal and inland fisheries communities through the sustainable improvement of their livelihoods.
Its primary objective is to assist fisheries communities to enhance their livelihoods, by strengthening their human and social capital through the sustainable utilisation of aquatic resources and the development of an appropriate political and institutional environment, which takes the aspirations of the communities into consideration.
Furthermore, the SFLP assists governments in drafting policy and action plans that incorporate some of the provisions of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries (CCRF) and subsequently integrating them into large scale programmes such as the National Programmes for Poverty Alleviation. It also provides support to communities to enable them to develop their own capacities to participate more effectively in the planning and management of fisheries and thus create links with local structures such as decentralised institutions, NGOs and development partners.
Finally, the programme will establish a regional information and communication structure to disseminate the achievements and lessons learnt from development projects funded by SFLP.
Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Facility (PPLP)
In many countries the livestock sector is heavily distorted in favour of large scale producers and the opportunities for broad-based poverty reduction through livestock can only be fully exploited within a policy environment, which reduces existing financial, technical and cultural barriers faced by small-scale livestock keepers, and which at the same time reduces their risks and vulnerability.
The PPLP Initiative, which is coordinated by the Livestock Information, Sector Analysis, and Policy Branch (AGAL), will therefore, through strategic alliances that capitalize on the comparative advantage of the FAO and different partner organizations, encourage and facilitate conceptual shifts in policy objectives that:
Strengthening Participatory Approaches in Forest Management
The overall goal of the Programme, lead by the Forestry Policy and Institutions Branch (FONP), is to reduce poverty in two African countries, Uganda and Ghana , and in the Caribbean in Guyana , through sustainable use of community based natural assets. The Programme promotes the adoption of sustainable resource management to improve the livelihood strategies of the rural poor. This will be achieved by supporting the capacity of government forest departments, key institutions such as forestry schools and training institutes, other agencies, national non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and community-based organisations (CBOs) to integrate broad-based participation in natural resource management.
Community Nutrition and Household Food Security Projects in Africa
In 1995, FAO’s Nutrition Programmes Service began its partnership with the Belgian Survival Fund to help alleviate malnutrition and food insecurity in some of the most remote, under-developed and environmentally degraded areas of Africa . The partnership focuses on improving nutrition levels through integrated approaches, combining a variety of activities from different sectors, and strengthening of community-based organizations (CBOs). By empowering communities to work directly with civil society, local government and the private sector, development policies and programmes are more likely to respond to people’s actual needs and build upon their strength.
Livelihoods Approaches to Information and Communication in Support of Rural Development and Food Security
Communication and information in support of SL has three functions: 1) to facilitate the exchange of information by the poor, necessary for sustainable livelihoods; 2) to improve communication within and between the institutions responsible for making decisions that affect livelihood options; and 3) to empower poor communities to participate in the decision-making processes. Seven key recommendations for improving information systems for sustainable livelihoods in developing countries were identified as a result of reviewing relevant literature and visiting three case study countries by the WAICENT Data Management Branch (GILF). More work needs to be done to determine who should pay for information to ensure that the poor don't lose out in the rush for privatization, and that systems are sustainable. Ensuring equitable access is critical if it is to benefit and empower poor communities and promote democracy, and the emphasis should be on providing appropriate local content.
| Informal Working Group on
Participatory Approaches & Methods
...to support Sustainable Livelihoods
& Food Security