Seasonal calendar diagram
Diagramming is a way of structuring
information clearly, visualizing linkages between certain subjects
or factors, and providing a basis for further analysis. Diagrams can
be tables, 'trees', 'pie charts', or any other form appropriate to
support the discussion of a particular topic.
To enable participants to facilitate exploring and documenting
seasonal changes during a year.
1. Present a prepared chart showing an
example of a seasonal calendar to the participants Explain how the
diagram or calendar is structured.
2. Divide the participants
into sub-groups of three to five people.
3. Either you or the
participants select key informants for each sub-group who have some
special knowledge of a certain subject (like a health worker on
seasonal trends of diseases or an agricultural extension worker on
cropping activities, water availability, labor demand of
agricultural activities). For example, if you have four sub-group
each could draw up a different seasonal calendar like calendars of
rainfall, agricultural activities, daily activity diagrams of women
and frequency of human diseases.
4. Each sub-group interviews
its key-informant about the chosen subject.
5. Ask the groups to
produce diagrams of the information gathered in order to illustrate
trends and changes in activities and/or events during a year, month
or just a single day (daily routine diagram), whatever they feel is
6. After the sub-groups have completed their work,
ask them to present and discuss their results in the plenary,
concentrating on possible applications and restrictions of this tool
in a real village situation.
Local materials like stones, sticks, leaves,
pebbles etc. or big sheets and colored markers.
If possible make use of the knowledge of the link
persons from the villages/communities where the Action Fora will
take place and relate the exercises to the conditions there. This
will help the whole group to get beforehand some insight into the
problems and potentials at the grassroots they presumably will have
Source: Berg, C./Beck, C./Beckmann, G./Chimbala, C./Erko,
C./Fleig, A./Kuhlmann, M./Pander, H. (1997): Introduction of a
Participatory and Integrated Develpment Process (PIDEP) in Kalomo
District, Zambia - Volume II - Manual for Trainers and Users of
PIDEP. Centre for Advanced Training in Agricultural and Rural
Development, Humboldt University Berlin (Editor). Weikersheim: