The process includes six steps for determining hazardous child labour
The Minister of Labour or other authority usually initiates the process by designating a person or group to oversee it.
The Convention requires that there be tripartite consultation before the final determination is made, but it makes sense to involve employers’ and workers’ representatives from the very beginning. Their knowledge and viewpoints are crucial to reaching a conclusion that will be widely supported.
1 Create a structure
• Determine who will manage the process
• Involve employers and workers and others with special expertise
2 Get existing and new information
• Review international standards
• Take stock of current laws and regulations
• Gather information on risks, hazards and locations
3 Compile the list of hazardous occupations prohibited to children
under 18 years of age
• Identify criteria for selecting items for the list
• Determine hazardous occupations, activities and conditions
• Decide how to protect youth who are old enough to work legally
4 Formalize the list
• Consult the social partners
• Have the “competent authority” give the list legal force
5 Promote and use the list
• Use the list for awareness raising
• Set a timetable for action
6 Review the list periodically
• Update the list and laws
Even if there are workers’ and employers’ organizations on the committee, it is a good idea to have a special meeting or conference to agree on the list, as suggested at step 4. Such a meeting can serve to demonstrate that the C.182 requirement regarding consultation with the social partners has been met.