participation: our vision @
do we mean by participation in development ?
Participation in development is also seen as an organized effort
within institutions and organizations to increase stakeholder access and
control over resources and related decision making that contributes to
Participation is furthermore viewed as an iterative process involving the
continuous re-adjustment of relationships between different stakeholders
in a society in order to increase stakeholder control and influence over
development initiatives that affect their lives.
are various levels or degrees of participation ranging from simple
consultation to joint decision making to self-management by stakeholders
themselves. The specific degree of participation of different stakeholders
is determined through a negotiation process. Our vision is to increase the
degree of participation in FAO programmes and projects. Ideally this means
putting the beneficiaries at the centre of a development process that they
will drive and continuously adjust, according to their own learning
processes and needs.
to ensure participation in development?
Participation is the key to sustainable development initiatives,
since it will lead to:
greater sense of ownership on the part of the stakeholders
increased commitment to the objectives and outcomes
term social sustainability
increased self-help capacities
stronger and more democratic institutions and
livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims
and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is
sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks,
maintain or enhance its capabilities and assets, and provide sustainable
livelihood opportunities for the next generation; and which contributes
net benefits to other livelihoods at the local and global levels and in
the long and short term.' (Chambers, R. and G. Conway (1992)
Sustainable rural livelihoods: Practical concepts for the
21st century. IDS Discussion Paper 296. Brighton: IDS.
Working Group on
Participatory Approaches & Methods
...to support Sustainable Livelihoods
& Food Security