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Geoinformation, monitoring and assessment

An important aspect of environmental and natural resources management is the availability of real (static or dynamic) geo-referenced data and information that describes these resources.

Remote sensing, geographic information systems (GIS) and agrometeorological and other environmental observations assist in acquiring and processing such data for addressing a variety of key issues related to environment and natural resources management, food production and food security, coastal zone monitoring, desertification, biological diversity, energy and climate change impact. Geo-referenced data from other sources, for example, socio-economic data, can also be combined with such environmental data for more in-depth analyses.

Geoinformation, monitoring and assessment includes all aspects of geoinformation data acquisition, analysis and dissemination, such as the activities themselves and the tools and techniques used. Examples of activities are the Africover project and the ARTEMIS environmental monitoring information system. Others are the standardization of geographic data, various software tools such as WinDisp, and the website METART, where near real-time data from the ARTEMIS system can be visualized and analysed. Specific data sets, such as global climatic maps and other agrometeorological and GIS databases, are also made available.

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Geoinformation, monitoring and assessment

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AVHRR
Agrometeorology
Arid zones
Cartography
Classification systems
Climate observations
Climatic change
Coastal area
Crop modelling
Crop monitoring
Data access
Data management
Decision support tools
Desertification
Early warning systems
Ecosystems
Environmental assessment
Environmental information technology
Environmental monitoring
Forest cover
Forest fires
Geographical information systems
Global observing systems
Groundwater assessment
Land cover
Land cover mapping
Land use mapping
Mapping
Natural disasters
Natural resources
Natural resources management
Net primary productivity
Radar satellite
Remote sensing
Satellites
Satellite observation
Software development
Soil conservation
Soil erosion
Spatial database
Spatial information
Statistical methods
Synthetic aperture radar (SAR)
Terrestrial observation
Thermal inertia
Weather data
Weather forecasting
Wetlands monitoring
Yield forecasting



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