Gender and development People

Posted February 1998

Gender and Participation in Agricultural Development Planning

3. Best Practices


Introduction | Key issues: 1. Overview / 2. Analysis of case studies: policy environment - entry point - tools & methods - capacity building - gender information - linkages - institutionalisation / 3. Best practices / Annex-Bibliography | Download documents

AS POINTED OUT early in this paper, the increasing call for participatory gender and socio-economic difference sensitive agricultural planning has rarely been accompanied by suggestions for how it might be done. The projects in this workshop have demonstrated many effective methods for generating needed information and bringing it to the attention of planners and policy makers. A few projects even worked directly on the problem of how to use that information to make agricultural planning more responsive to the priorities, constraints, and needs of different groups of farmers. Thus, even though we are likely to spend much of the workshop discussing what more needs to be done, we need to remind ourselves how far we have already come and how much we can already learn from one another. It is therefore fitting to conclude this review by highlighting "best practices".

Best practices
Projects Entry Points
Ethiopia Use participatory planning for the design of the project's implementation strategy
Costa Rica Make a detailed review of policy making processes
Tunisia Consult with national planners about their information needs
Projects Tools and Methods
Namibia, Nepal, Ethiopia, India Combine PRA, Gender Analysis and the Analysis of Difference
Namibia, Nepal, Ethiopia, India Form gender, socio-economic, and/or age specific focus groups to work with PRA/GA tools.
Ethiopia, Nepal, Namibia, India, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Senegal Adapt PRA and gender analysis tools to local needs
India Work with a person, multi-disciplinary, male-female PRA facilitator teams
Namibia, Tunisia Supplement PRA information with surveys
Ethiopia, Honduras Provide follow-up: train extension agents to customise extension training, build capacity of community level volunteers
India, Afghanistan Use participatory monitoring
Projects Capacity Building
Namibia, India, Ethiopia, Honduras Train trainers over several sessions interspersed with training of field staff by trained trainers and practical experiences with PRA/GA/analysis of difference
Namibia, India, Ethiopia, Honduras Use training of trainers as a way to involve higher level professional staff in learning and teaching PRA/GA/analysis of difference
Ethiopia, Namibia Base PRA training on local case materials
Costa Rica, Namibia, India, Ethiopia Involve policy makers and senior managers in special training/discussion workshops designed specifically for them and invite them to open formal PRA training sessions
Ethiopia Teach methods for responsive planning based on PRA generated information
Honduras, Costa Rica Provide training for women's groups in negotiating and group development skills and support their organisations
Projects Linkages and Institutionalisation
Ethiopia, India, Namibia, Tunisia Promote links with policy makers, planners, and managers by inviting them to participate in discussions of implications of project results for planning
Honduras, Costa Rica, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, India Promote links with the private sector, women's groups, farmer organisations, NGOs, and donors through training, workshops, information sessions, and involving them in PRA/GA exercises
Namibia, India, Ethiopia, Honduras Facilitate institutionalisation by locating the project in a sub-sector line agency or in a national, regional or district planning agency
Namibia, India, Ethiopia Suggest training in participatory gender-responsive planning methods in-service and pre-service training.


Introduction | Key issues: 1. Overview / 2. Analysis of case studies: policy environment - entry point - tools & methods - capacity building - gender information - linkages - institutionalisation / 3. Best practices / Annex-Bibliography | Download documents

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