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July 2015

COUNTRIES REQUIRING EXTERNAL ASSISTANCE FOR FOOD
(total: 34 countries)

Countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. The list below covers crises related to lack of food availability, widespread lack of access to food, or severe but localized problems. However, many countries are also severely affected by high food and fuel prices. These include countries which are large net importers of cereals and fuels, with generally low per capita incomes, relatively high levels of malnutrition, and for which there is a strong transmission of high international food prices1.
 
Click on country to see details in the GIEWS Country Briefs

AFRICA ( 28 countries )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Central African Republic
Conflict, displacements and constraints in available supplies

The IDP caseload, as of late May, was estimated at about 426 240 persons. In addition, floods in late April affected about 4 600 individuals.
In April 2015 about 1 268 000 people, out of a total population of 4.6 million, were estimated to be in need of food assistance.
The significant tightening of available supplies of animal food products has driven up the cost of animal protein.
Gambia
Below-average crop production

Cereal production is estimated to have decreased by 28 percent in 2014 compared to the average.
Over 178 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. An additional 522 000 people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity (Phase 2: “Stressed”).
Guinea-Bissau
Below-average crop production

Cereal production was estimated to have decreased by 34 percent in 2014 compared to the average.
Over 126 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. An additional 406 000 people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity (Phase 2: “Stressed”).
Senegal
Below-average crop production

Cereal production in 2014 was estimated 20 percent below the average.
Over 1 040 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis. An additional 3.1 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity (Phase 2: “Stressed”).
Zimbabwe
Sharply reduced 2015 maize production

Maize production is estimated at 742 000 tonnes, 39 percent below the five-year average.
As a result of a tight domestic supply situation, the number of people estimated to require assistance increased to 1.49 million well above the level of 2014 (564 599 people) but below the 2.2 million estimated in 2013.
Widespread lack of access
Burkina Faso
Massive influx of refugees from Mali puts additional pressure on local food supplies

Over 32 000 Malian refugees are estimated to be living in the country as of March 2015.
About 371 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Chad
Large influx of refugees puts additional pressure on local food supplies

Over 460 000 people from the Sudan’s Darfur region, the Central African Republic and northern Nigeria, as well as the return of an estimated 340 000 Chadians, have put added pressure on local food supplies negatively affecting food security.
Over 660 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Djibouti
Inadequate pasture availability due to consecutive unfavourable rainy seasons

About 160 000 people are severely food insecure, mainly in pastoral southeastern areas and in the Obock region.
Eritrea
Vulnerability to food insecurity due to economic constraints
Guinea
Impact of the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak

EVD has had a serious negative impact on economic activities and livelihoods, gravely affecting the food security situation of large numbers of people.
About 393 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Liberia
Impact of the EVD outbreak

EVD has had a serious negative impact on economic activities and livelihoods, gravely affecting the food security situation of large numbers of people.
About 722 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Mali
Droughts, floods, population displacements and insecurity in northern areas

Over 410 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
An additional 2.7 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity (Phase 2: “Stressed”).
Mauritania
Influx of refugees puts additional pressure on local food supplies and high food prices constrain access

More than 52 000 Malian refugees remain in southeastern Mauritania as of June 2015.
Over 465 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Niger
Recurrent severe food crisis

About 1 158 000 people are estimated to be in Phase 3: “Crisis” and above according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Over 49 000 Malian refugees and 105 000 Nigerian refugees are estimated to be living in the country as of June 2015.
Severe depletion of household assets and high levels of indebtedness.
Sierra Leone
Impact of the EVD outbreak

Disruption to markets, farming activities and livelihoods, seriously affecting the food security situation of large numbers of people.
About 1 092 000 people are estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.
Severe localized food insecurity
Cameroon
Influx of refugees exacerbating food insecurity of the host communities

The number of refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR), which mainly entered East, Adamaoua and North regions, was estimated at 244 000 in late May 2015. About 74 000 refugees from Nigeria mainly entered the Far North region since May 2013.
Insecurity along the borders with Nigeria has led to the internal displacement of 106 000 individuals.
Congo
Influx of refugees straining the already limited resources of host communities

As of late May 2015, about 25 000 refugees from the CAR are sheltering in the country.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Conflict and displacements in eastern provinces. Influx of refugees straining on already limited resources of host communities

As of May 2015, the total number of IDPs was estimated at more than 3 million.
An estimated 7 million people are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance (June 2015).
As of late May, refugees from the CAR, mainly hosted in the northern Equateur Province, were estimated at about 97 000.
Ethiopia
Reduced localized crop production

About 3.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly in pastoral areas.
Kenya
Reduced second season crop production and worsening pasture conditions

About 1.6 million people are severely food insecure, mainly located in central and northeastern counties.
Lesotho
Reduced crop production

Food security conditions expected to remain strained in 2015/16.
Reflecting the slightly reduced 2015 maize output, an estimated 463 936 people require assistance, up 3 percent from last year.
Madagascar
Flooding and reduced crop production in southern regions

Cyclones Chedza and Fundi caused flooding in early 2015, affecting approximately 265 000 people.
Food insecurity remains severe in southern regions, due to limited cereal availability, while dry weather is expected to result in a third successive depressed cereal output in 2015 in these areas.
Malawi
Reduced crop production

Flooding, mainly in the Southern Region, caused the displacement of 230 000 people, severely aggravating food security conditions and affecting a total of 616 000 people.
The reduced 2015 maize production (22 percent below average) is expected result in an increase in the number of people requiring assistance, from the low level of 2014.
Mozambique
Flooding in central provinces and reduced localized crop production

An estimated 409 000 people were affected by floods mainly in the central Zambezia Province, with crop and stock losses reported.
Crop production in 2015 is estimated just below last year’s good output, resulting in an overall stable food security situation.
Somalia
Conflict, civil insecurity and reduced localized crop production

About 730 000 people are estimated to be in need of emergency assistance, mainly IDPs and poor households in southern and central regions.
South Sudan
Conflict, civil insecurity and reduced crop production in conflict-affected areas

Over 2 million people have been internally displaced since the conflict erupted at the end of 2013.
About 4.6 million people are severely food insecure, mainly in Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states, due to early depleted food stocks and difficult access for aid delivery.
Sudan
Conflict and civil insecurity

The number of people estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance, mainly IDPs in conflict-affected areas, is set at 1.5 million.
Uganda
Below-average crop production

About 180 000 people in Karamoja Region are estimated to be severely food insecure as food stocks were depleted in February, one month earlier than usual.
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

ASIA ( 6 countries )

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Nature of Food InsecurityMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
Exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies
Iraq
Escalation of the conflict and large internal displacement

Over 2 million people have been displaced since January 2014.
1.8 million beneficiaries (IDPs, non-displaced food insecure in conflict areas and food insecure host families) are receiving food assistance.
Internal trade restrictions and reduced access to stocks held in the areas under ISIL control.
Syrian Arab Republic
Worsening civil conflict

Agricultural production significantly affected by conflict.
An estimated 12.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.
Although some international food assistance is being provided, Syrian refugees are also putting strain on other host communities in neighbouring countries.
2.1 million people receiving food assistance in neighbouring countries and 4.5 million within the country.
Widespread lack of access
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Dry weather affects the 2015 early and main season food crops

Poor rains negatively impacted on the 2015 potato, wheat and barley crops, important food sources during the lean season (May-September), and adversely affected prospects of the main food crops, to be harvested from October onwards.
If drought conditions do not improve soon, cereal production is likely to be reduced worsening the already fragile food security situation.
Yemen
Conflict, poverty, and high food and fuel prices

The IPC indicative analysis released in June 2015 classified 10 (out of 22) governorates as facing a food insecurity “Humanitarian Emergency” (IPC Phase: 4), all affected by the ongoing armed conflict. Nine governorates were classified as facing a food security “Crisis” (IPC Phase: 3).
Of the 12.9 million food insecure people across the country, about 6.1 million were in “Humanitarian Emergency” Phase, while 6.8 million were in “Crisis” Phase.
The level of food insecurity increased by 21 percent compared to the previous year.
Severe localized food insecurity
Afghanistan
Continuing conflict and population displacement

2.1 million people are classified as very severely food insecure
Over 700 000 people are internally displaced, mostly in Helmand Province.
1.7 million people targeted with food assistance.
Nepal
Impact of the April earthquake

The earthquake that struck on 25 April resulted in huge devastation across central and western parts, adversely impacting food security of large numbers of people.
Nearly 9 000 people were confirmed dead, some 16 800 injured and at least 500 000 homes destroyed. Losses of agricultural inputs were also recorded negatively affecting production prospects at local level.
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   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

 

COUNTRIES WITH UNFAVOURABLE PROSPECTS FOR CURRENT CROPS
(total: 6 countries)

Map View 
CountryMain ReasonsChanges from last report2
AFRICA ( 6 countries )
Central African RepublicThe widespread conflict, which caused large scale displacements, the loss and the depletion of the households’ productive assets and input shortages, is expected to severely affect the outcome of the current cropping season.
EthiopiaPoor and erratically-distributed rains has lowered production prospects for the 2015 minor “belg” season crops.+
KenyaLate and erratic rains affected “long-rains” cereal crop production in southern and eastern parts of the country.+
SomaliaProduction of the 2015 “gu” season crops in central and southern areas has been affected by floods in Shabelle Region as well as by the early cessation of rains in May.+
UgandaLate and erratic rains affected first season cereal crop production in central and eastern bimodal rainfall areas of the country.+
United Republic of TanzaniaLate and erratic rains affected “msimu” crop production in some central uni modal rainfall areas as well as “masika” crop production in some northern bimodal rainfall areas.+
   No change    Improving    Deteriorating+ New entry

TERMINOLOGY

Countries requiring external assistance for food are expected to lack the resources to deal with reported critical problems of food insecurity. Food crises are nearly always due to a combination of factors, but for the purpose of response planning, it is important to establish whether the nature of food crises is predominantly related to lack of food availability, limited access to food, or severe but localized problems. Accordingly, the list of countries requiring external assistance is organized into three broad, not mutually exclusive, categories:

  • Countries facing an exceptional shortfall in aggregate food production/supplies as a result of crop failure, natural disasters, interruption of imports, disruption of distribution, excessive post-harvest losses, or other supply bottlenecks.

  • Countries with widespread lack of access, where a majority of the population is considered to be unable to procure food from local markets, due to very low incomes, exceptionally high food prices, or the inability to circulate within the country.

  • Countries with severe localized food insecurity due to the influx of refugees, a concentration of internally displaced persons, or areas with combinations of crop failure and deep poverty.

Unfavourable Prospects for Current Crops are countries where prospects point to a shortfall in production of current crops as a result of a reduction of the area planted and/or yields due to adverse weather conditions, plant pests, diseases and other calamities.


1. See, for example, Soaring food prices: facts, perspectives, impacts and actions required, page 17, table 4.
2. Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 1, March 2015
The maps on the GIEWS homepage indicate countries in crisis requiring external assistance for food.