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3. Approach

There exists a wide range of literature dealing with gender-issues, gender and agriculture and some specific publications related to gender and livestock. As a first step, a literature review was carried out and questions formulated based on the key findings. In the second step, a questionnaire (Annex 1) was developed and submitted to international organisations, development agencies, research institutes and various projects in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The questionnaire contained nine main questions. Adequate space was provided so that different project experiences, as well as important findings, opinions, and other relevant information could be included in the responses.

The questionnaire was sent out by e-mail. The advantage of using e-mail is that it provides a rapid and dynamic process for sharing of information, ideas and opinions with many people located throughout different parts of the world. However, e-mail can also quickly create additional work for agencies and field workers because of the ease by which requests can be forwarded on to others. In order to obtain a good response rate, the questions posed need to directly relate to topics which are of a major concern to the partners. They must feel that they will in some way benefit from the information reported. A total of 18 questionnaires were sent out. Twelve were returned completed, in some cases more than one from the same organisation, but for different projects. Those returned partially completed are not included in this number. However, many of these provided references to other documents in the literature and internet sites. Some projects also sent projects papers and didactic materials. All this informa ion was considered in this report.

In a next step, the different experiences and findings contained in the questionnaires were compared with the main points reported in the literature.

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