LEAD Livestock, Environment and Development initiativeInternational Symposium on Silvopastoral Systems and Second Congress on Agroforestry and Livestock Production in Latin America


©Foto: Carlos Pineda Theme: Silvopastoral systems for restoration of degraded tropical pasture ecosystems








Table of Contents


Table of Contents


Foreword

Acknowledgements

Technical Session 1 - Degraded pasture lands and rehabilitation of pasture ecosystems

Part I - Extended Abstracts Presentations

Monitoring methodology for pasture degradation and restoration

Introduction
Guidelines
Monitoring intensity
Monitoring program design and implementation
Measurements, indicators and interpretation
Testing, calibration and implementation
References (Please contact author for extensive list)

Intensification of cattle ranching with silvopastoral systems in the dry tropics of Central America

Introduction
Intensification of cattle ranching by silvopastoral systems
Grazing of natural dry forest ecosystems
Timber trees in pastures
Fodder banks
Shelter belts
Conclusions and recommendations
References

Use of tree legumes for the recovery of degraded pastures in the Atlantic forest region of Brazil

Introduction
Main reasons for pasture degradation in the region
Silvopastoral systems have potential to recover degraded pastures in the region
Recovery of degraded pastures and of abandoned hillsides
Effect of legume trees on a B. decumbens pastures
Conclusions
References

Using satellite data to estimate grass biomass in a silvopastoral system in Italy

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion and conclusions
Acknowledgements
References

Part II - Extended Abstracts Posters

Reclamation of river-affected areas through agroforestry in Nepal

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Restoration of degraded pasture lands with forest plantations and Canavalia ensiformes

Introduction
Methods
Results and discussion

A comparison of two methods for the establishment of a silvopastoral system om degraded pasture land

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Livestock grazing in forest by livestock dependent forest dwelling communities: A case study

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
References

Role of animals in improved fallow management in the tropics

Introduction
Pathways of increased N and P Availability
Conclusions
Acknowledgement
References

Sustainable production of natural resources and management of ecosystems: the potential of South American Camelid breeding in the Andean Region.

Objectives
Activities
Results
Conclusions

The use of native trees for pasture restoration in humid tropical regions

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
References

Silvopastoral research in Central America: an outlook for the future

Introduction
Research findings
Farmer adoption of silvopastoral technologies
Outlook for silvopastoral research in Central America
References

Silvopastoral systems in the leeward side of Guadeloupe: conditions and objectives of study.

Introduction
Area characteristics
Systems of production in Côte sous le Vent
Diagnosis and perspectives
References

Effect of native tree legumes on soil restoration under agroforestry systems in the South of Mexico

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Reclamation of sodic soils “through investment in people” - A success story

Introduction
Methodology
Operation
Results
A word of caution
Suggestions/gaps in information
Conclusion

Advances in the implementation of sustainable livestock production systems in high mountains in Barragan and Santa Lucia, Valle del Cauca, Colombia

Introduction
Materials and methodology
Results

Management of natural regeneration for introduction of livestock agroforestry systems

Introduction
Material and Methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
Acknwoldegments
References

Technical Session 2 - Fragmented pasture landscapes and ecosystem services

Part I - Extended Abstracts Presentations

The conservation of biodiversity in silvopastoral systems

Introduction
The potential of silvopastoral systems to conserve biodiversity
Integrating silvopastoral systems into regional conservation plans
Research priorities
References

Part II - Extended Abstracts Posters

Spatial and time disposition of Heteropsylla cubana (Crawford) in a Leucaena leucocephala (LAM) de Wit pasture area

Introduction
Materials and methods
Statistical analysis
Results and discussion
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References

Botanical composition and quality of enriched and traditional pastures in northeastern Pará, Brazil

Introduction
Material and methods
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgement
References

Isolated trees in pasturelands as succession catalysts: seedling establishment underneath their crowns

Introduction
Methodology
Results
Conclusions

Evaluation of trees for increasing plant diversity in silvopastoral systems

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
References

Biodiversity and importance of Montezuma Quail (Cyrtonyx montezumae) in silvopastoral systems

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Balance of emissions with greenhouse effect in silvopastoral systems in three life zones of Costa Rica

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Plant biodiversity and animal intake on a natural silvopastoral system in a tropical environment

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Tree resources on pasture land in Costa Rica

Introduction
Development of pastures in Costa Rica
Large scale data on trees on pastures
Commercial harvesting of pasture trees in Costa Rica
Conclusions
References

Parasitological dynamics of bovine dropping under silvopastoral system conditions

Introduction
Methodology
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Methodology for the collection, conservation and characterization of tree and shrub species useful for livestock

Introduction
Reasons for the collection of tropical forage species.

Inventory of species in traditional silvopastoral systems of Moropotente, Esteli, Nicaragua

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
References

Technical Session 3 - Interactions, modelling and system analysis in silvopastoral systems

Part I - Extended Abstracts Presentations

The tree - grass - soil interaction in silvopastoral systems

Introduction
The tree - grass - soil interaction
Light environment under the tree canopy
Nitrogen cycling
The silvopastoral experiment
Cross-effects of seasons
Trees and grass persistence
Grass nutritional value
Roots biomass and distribution
Mulch production and quality
Modeling the tree - grass - soil interaction
System - supra system interaction
Conclusions
References

"Always”: A model to simulate the evolution of a silvopastoral plot according to soil, climate and management practices

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

Effect of ecological and socio-economic factors on natural regeneration of trees in pastures

Introduction
Trees in pastures
Timber species with natural regeneration in pastures
Natural regeneration of laurel (C. alliodora) with pastures
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
General recommendations
References

Part II - Extended Abstracts Posters

Behaviour of laurel (Cordia alliodora) in the early phase of establishment within different pastures in Costa Rica

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Quality of laurel (Cordia alliodora) in different growth stages of the natural regeneration within pastures in Costa Rica

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Tree-pasture interaction in silvopastoral systems: effect of trees on light transmission and forage productivity

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Food selection modification: method of achievement sheep-citrus-crop integration

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Modelling carbon and nitrogen cycling in a humid tropical silvopastoral system

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion and conclusions
References

Effects of different tree species on herbaceous stratum and soil nitrogen dynamic in Sudanian zone of Cameroon

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
References

Introduction of trees in tropical pasture areas without altering the management of the livestock unit

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
References

Implantation efficiency of a silvopastoral system

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Establishment of tropical tree species as live fences in grazing areas

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
References

Effect of shading by native tree legumes on chemical composition of forage produced by Penisetum purpureum in Acre, western Brazilian Amazon

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Growth and development morphological of Leucaena leucocephala in silvopastoral systems

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Bibliography

Drought adaptation in native woody species with silvopastoral potential in Northeastern Mexico

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References

Software for N, P, K balance in bovine pasture ecosystem

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References

Soil Dynamics in Acacia mangium plots associated to Brachiaria humidicola in an ULTISOL of Panama

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion and recommendations
References

Evaluating the sustainability of tree fodder harvesting: A modelling approach

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Early growth and nodulation of introduced and native leguminous browse species at Shika, Nigeria

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
References

Effect of the Albizia lebbeck shade on the pastures in a seminatural silvopastoril system

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
References

Variability in Arachis pintoi germplasm with respect to ability to accumulate phosphorus when grown in agroforestry systems in association with Acacia mangium

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Primary productivity of grass under the influence of different replacement densities with exotic genotypes (Pinus sp)

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Quality and availability of buffel grass forage in a silvopastoral system with mesquite in the Brazilian semi-arid region

Introduction
Material and methods
Results
Discussion and conclusions
References

Root interactions between Eucalyptus deglupta and competitive grass species

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
References

Nitrogen fixation and recycling of the fixed nitrogen in a cut-and-carry silvopastoral system under subhumid tropical conditions (Guadeloupe, French Antilles)

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

The role of ecophysiology in silvopastoral research an example with a Prosopis spp.

Introduction
Material and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Technical Session 4 - Fodder and production functions

Part I - Extended Abstracts Presentations

Characterization of the genotypic variation in the chemical composition and digestibility of Trichanthera gigantea (H. & B.) Nees.

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
References

Microbial detoxification of anti-nutritional factors in Acacia angustissima

Introduction
Toxicity of Acacia angustissima
Identification of the toxic compound in A. angustissima
Alleviation of the effect of Anti-nutrients in A. angustissima
Isolation of bacteria tolerant to tannins and non-protein amino acids in A. angustissima
Potential environmental and economic benefits on Africa, Asia and Latin America
References

Alternative utilization of the legume trees Leucaena leucocephala, Albizia lebbeck, and Bauhinia purpurea in silvopastoral systems

Introduction
References

Part II - Extended Abstracts Posters

Chemical composition, in vitro digestibility and nitrogen fractions of some grasses and other non grass plants, potentially ingested by dairy cattle

Introduction
Material and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References.

Estimating feed intake of browse species in biodiverse silvopastoral systems

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
References

Ruminal function in sheep supplemented with Pithecellobium saman pods

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Conclusions
References

Adaptation and seasonal production of 17 accessions of Leucaena in the Ponome plains

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion and recommendations
References

Potential from production of Mulberry (Morus alba) in El Salvador

Introduction
Edafoclimatic characteristisc
Origin and introduction of mulberry in El Salvador
The experience with mulberry in the country
References

Advances in the implementation of high tree-density silvopastoral systems

Introduction
Material and methods
Results
Conclusions
References

Rumen dry matter degradability of browse species in semiarid areas of Mexico in the dry season

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Acknowledgements
References

Investigating the biological basis of tree fodder evaluation by farmers

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
Acknowledgements
Reference

Phenology and nutritive value of the foliage of some forage tree species of Caatinga

Introduction
Material and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Yield and nutritive quality of Zapoteca formosa (Kunth) H. Hern. Subsp. formosa: A new forage shrub in Venezuela

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusion
References

Nutritive assessment of Gliricidia sepium (JACQ.) KUNTH EX WALP. foliage and its effects on rumen environment

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discusion
Conclusions
Acknowledgments
References

Agronomic study of silvopastoral system Cynodon nlemfuensis-Leucaena leucocephala with sheep

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
Acknowledgements
References

The use of fruit and forage of woody species in livestock production systems in Boaco, Nicaragua

Introduction
Methods
Results
Acknowledgements

Tagasaste: promisory fodder shrub for areas of subhumid mediterranean dryland

Introduction
Botany and ecology
Dispersion outside of Canarias and in Chile
Behavior in areas of dryland of Chile
Forage production
Chemical composition and nutritive value
Management and utilization
Nitrogen fixation
Conclusions
References

Nutritive value of fodder trees in the mountains of Northern Chiapas, Mexico

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
Bibliography

Milk production in a silvopastoral system under commercial conditions.

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Conclusions
References

Comparison of the in vitro gas production and nylon bag degradability of some fodder tree species

Introduction
Material and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Fodder production and chemical composition of five tropical forage tree species under natural conditions

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Trees forage production and quality analysis with forage potentiality on a quarry soil in Merida, Yucatán, Mexico

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
References

Grazing, browsing time and milk production of lucerna cows in a silvopastoral system in different seasons of the year

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Kinetic of in situ disappearance and ruminal variable in sheep fed with foliage of Buddleia skutchii

Introduction
Material and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Use of mulberry (Morus alba) as ruminant feed

Introduction
Conclusions
References

The value of trees as fodder for livestock in orthern Namibia

Introduction
Methodology
Results and Discussion
Conclusion
References

Dietary supplementation with saponins to improve rumen function and animal performance in the tropics

Introduction
Materials and Methods
Results and Discussion
Conclusions
References

Agronomic studies performed on Morus alba in Cuba

Introduction
Experimental methodology
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Nutritive value of four Atriplex species

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Nutritional characteristics of forage species in the silvipastures of multiple strata in Chiapas, Mexico

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
References

The use of Gliricidia sepium in the supplementary feeding of crossbred female calves

Introduction
Results
Discussion and Conclusions
References

Utilisation of the shrub Cratylia argentea CV. Veraniega as protein supplement for milking cows during the dry season in Costa Rica

Introduction
Limitations
Conclusions
References

Assessment of the nutritive value of leaves of tropical fodder trees and by-products for ruminants as indicated by in vitro gas production and chemical analysis

Introduction
Materials and Methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Technical Session 5 - Socio-economic evaluation and adoption of silvopastoral systems

Part I - Extended Abstracts Presentations

Intensifying small scale dairy farms: linking improved forages with natural resource management

Introduction
Objectives
Materials and methods
Results and discussion

The sociological and environmental impact produced by the cattle production system established in the Colombian Amazonia

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Conclusions
References

Participatory research on integrated silvopastoral systems: experience of CIPAV in Colombia

Introduction
Differences between research targeted to campesinos and entrepreneurs
Research on native species for SPS in the Colombian Andes
Reasons for the success of CIPAV with SPS
References

Part II - Extended Abstracts Posters

G.I.S. for environmental management and decision making for the establishment of silpastoral systems

Introduction
Methods and materials
Results
Conclusions
References

Technologies for obtaining meat in sustainable agriculture systems with coconut palms

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusion
References

Technologies for obtaining meat in sustainable agriculture systems with citrus plantations

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Discussion
Conclusions
References

Agroforestry research and development: a methodological experience in northern Chiapas, Mexico

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
References

Socio-economic impact of integration of agro-forestry into farming systems: a case of the brazilian savannah

Introduction
Methodology
Results of the impacts of agroforestry on the economic results and resources use
Conclusions
References

Ordination for energy and forage objectives. case study for an agricultural community in the dry zone of Chile

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results
Diagnostic analysis
Discussion and conclusions
References

Potential of silvopastoral systems for economic dairy production in Cayo, Belize and constraints for their adoption

Introduction
Methodology
Results and discussion
References

Promoting agroforestry practices among small farmers: a case of poplar-based systems in north-west India

Introduction
Materials and methods
Results and discussion
Conclusions
References

Will livestock intensification take pressure off forest resources in Latin America?