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Appendix Table 4.4 Descriptive statistics of selected variables, per kilogram of output (where applicable), Hog Production, Philippines, 2002.


ITEM

SMALLHOLDER (<100 heads)

ALL SMALLHOLDERS

COMMERCIAL (100 heads and above)

ALL COMMERCIALS

ALL SCALES

Independent

Contract

Medium Independent

Large Independent

Contract

Revenue from weanling sales (weighted)

Mean

30.46

0.00

24.09

9.13

5.26

0.00

5.63

15.44

Standard Deviation

41.45

0.00

38.87

20.78

9.03

0.00

15.82

31.64

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

150.00

0.00

150.00

92.00

27.74

0.00

92.00

150.00

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Revenue from fattener sales (weighted)

Mean

25.87

0.00

20.46

44.74

42.90

0.00

30.58

25.20

Standard Deviation

23.35

0.00

23.28

13.05

15.21

0.00

23.43

23.84

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

62.81

0.00

62.81

61.00

57.62

0.00

61.00

62.81

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Revenue from grow-to-finish sales (weighted)

Mean

3.97

3.11

3.79

0.83

5.63

3.38

2.46

3.17

Standard Deviation

13.59

3.85

12.20

3.41

12.80

1.12

6.09

9.82

Minimum

0.00

-4.18

-4.18

0.00

0.00

2.09

0.00

-4.18

Maximum

55.00

10.78

55.00

17.09

39.63

7.35

39.63

55.00

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Revenue from sales

Mean

60.30

3.11

48.34

54.70

53.79

3.38

38.67

43.81

Standard Deviation

23.95

3.85

31.65

9.91

7.79

1.12

24.98

29.05

Minimum

17.45

-4.18

-4.18

37.09

45.40

2.09

2.09

-4.18

Maximum

150.00

10.78

150.00

92.00

74.55

7.35

92.00

150.00

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Home consumption and gifts

Mean

5.23

0.07

4.15

1.53

0.66

0.01

0.91

2.63

Standard Deviation

7.82

0.30

7.26

2.07

0.65

0.05

1.65

5.64

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

32.72

1.45

32.72

10.91

1.96

0.25

10.91

32.72

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Sale of by-products

Mean

0.64

0.22

0.55

0.48

0.31

0.09

0.33

0.45

Standard Deviation

1.18

0.43

1.08

0.57

0.52

0.10

0.49

0.86

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

6.33

1.97

6.33

2.17

1.89

0.40

2.17

6.33

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Total value

Mean

66.18

3.81

53.14

56.71

54.76

3.49

39.91

46.94

Standard Deviation

21.75

3.28

32.01

9.17

7.74

1.16

25.57

29.85

Minimum

44.18

0.00

0.00

46.40

45.56

2.17

2.17

0.00

Maximum

150.00

10.78

150.00

92.29

75.17

7.56

92.29

150.00

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Sale of Manure

Mean

0.04

0.00

0.03

0.00

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.02

Standard Deviation

0.33

0.00

0.30

0.01

0.03

0.01

0.02

0.22

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

3.11

0.00

3.11

0.08

0.10

0.08

0.10

3.11

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Total value plus sale of manure

Mean

66.21

3.81

53.17

56.71

54.77

3.49

39.91

46.95

Standard Deviation

21.73

3.28

32.01

9.17

7.74

1.15

25.57

29.85

Minimum

44.18

0.00

0.00

46.40

45.56

2.17

2.17

0.00

Maximum

150.00

10.78

150.00

92.29

75.17

7.56

92.29

150.00

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of growing stock

Mean

1.46

20.89

5.53

0.18

0.00

0.00

0.09

2.98

Standard Deviation

4.72

5.38

9.29

0.87

0.00

0.00

0.63

7.30

Minimum

0.00

6.94

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

19.74

33.33

33.33

4.64

0.00

0.00

4.64

33.33

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of commercial feed

Mean

29.35

27.18

28.89

24.02

16.56

0.00

15.28

22.52

Standard Deviation

9.25

8.68

9.14

18.06

15.95

0.00

17.94

15.51

Minimum

11.91

14.07

11.91

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

56.83

41.81

56.83

54.54

41.30

0.00

54.54

56.83

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Total cost of commercial feed

Mean

29.88


29.88





29.88

Standard Deviation

10.72


10.72





10.72

Minimum

11.91

0.00

11.91

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

11.91

Maximum

80.00

0.00

80.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

80.00

Count

87.00

0.00

87.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

87.00

Cost of own mixed feed

Mean

0.00

0.00

0.00

6.67

11.84

0.00

5.51

2.58

Standard Deviation

0.00

0.00

0.00

10.42

13.67

0.00

10.19

7.48

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.00

0.00

0.00

32.88

37.91

0.00

37.91

37.91

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of feed

Mean

29.88

27.18

29.31

30.66

28.36

0.00

20.78

25.31

Standard Deviation

10.72

8.68

10.35

11.33

8.09

0.00

16.50

14.21

Minimum

11.91

14.07

11.91

13.01

15.14

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

80.00

41.81

80.00

54.54

41.59

0.00

54.54

80.00

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of hired labor

Mean

0.81

0.15

0.67

1.97

2.19

0.39

1.52

1.07

Standard Deviation

1.59

0.50

1.45

1.44

1.67

0.33

1.47

1.52

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.09

0.28

0.04

0.04

0.00

Maximum

5.71

1.85

5.71

5.95

4.72

1.50

5.95

5.95

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of vet. services, medicines and disinfectants

Mean

3.06

0.60

2.55

1.70

2.31

0.14

1.32

1.97

Standard Deviation

4.41

1.07

4.08

1.33

1.54

0.39

1.42

3.18

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.18

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

20.95

3.90

20.95

7.23

5.08

1.96

7.23

20.95

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Depreciation cost of buildings and equipment

Mean

0.66

0.39

0.60

0.71

0.39

0.23

0.51

0.56

Standard Deviation

1.21

0.44

1.10

1.16

0.32

0.45

0.90

1.01

Minimum

0.02

0.03

0.02

0.01

0.02

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

10.23

1.68

10.23

7.44

1.08

2.56

7.44

10.23

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Other transport cost

Mean

0.29

0.02

0.23

0.19

0.17

0.01

0.13

0.18

Standard Deviation

0.71

0.06

0.64

0.36

0.22

0.02

0.28

0.51

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

3.38

0.24

3.38

1.43

0.80

0.07

1.43

3.38

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of water

Mean

0.53

0.27

0.47

0.40

0.20

0.06

0.26

0.37

Standard Deviation

0.62

0.26

0.57

0.51

0.20

0.06

0.40

0.51

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

3.38

0.96

3.38

2.86

0.71

0.22

2.86

3.38

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of electricity

Mean

0.85

0.45

0.77

0.46

0.42

0.11

0.35

0.57

Standard Deviation

1.04

0.70

0.99

0.64

0.38

0.09

0.51

0.82

Minimum

0.00

0.02

0.00

0.00

0.04

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

5.76

3.21

5.76

3.74

1.38

0.39

3.74

5.76

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Maintenance cost of buildings

Mean

0.51

0.29

0.47

0.47

0.05

0.09

0.28

0.38

Standard Deviation

1.27

0.66

1.17

0.98

0.08

0.17

0.74

0.99

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

8.15

2.92

8.15

5.71

0.29

0.75

5.71

8.15

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of farm rental

Mean

0.16

0.00

0.13

0.07

0.00

0.06

0.05

0.09

Standard Deviation

0.92

0.00

0.82

0.36

0.00

0.23

0.28

0.63

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

7.50

0.00

7.50

2.39

0.00

1.13

2.39

7.50

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of financial capital

Mean

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.10

0.09

0.00

0.06

0.03

Standard Deviation

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.39

0.22

0.01

0.29

0.20

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.83

0.84

0.03

1.83

1.83

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of hiring natural boar services

Mean

0.80

0.09

0.65

0.03

0.00

0.00

0.02

0.35

Standard Deviation

1.79

0.24

1.62

0.14

0.00

0.00

0.10

1.22

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

8.58

1.02

8.58

0.83

0.00

0.00

0.83

8.58

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of artificial insemination services

Mean

0.16

0.01

0.13

0.04

0.05

0.00

0.03

0.08

Standard Deviation

0.75

0.04

0.67

0.14

0.11

0.00

0.11

0.50

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

5.68

0.20

5.68

0.87

0.35

0.00

0.87

5.68

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of private extension services

Mean

0.02

0.00

0.02

0.00

0.02

0.00

0.00

0.01

Standard Deviation

0.12

0.00

0.11

0.00

0.08

0.00

0.04

0.08

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

1.02

0.00

1.02

0.00

0.35

0.00

0.35

1.02

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of flooring materials

Mean

0.01

0.02

0.01

0.13

0.04

0.02

0.08

0.04

Standard Deviation

0.06

0.07

0.06

0.84

0.10

0.10

0.61

0.42

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.57

0.36

0.57

5.95

0.27

0.52

5.95

5.95

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Other costs

Mean

3.03

1.13

2.64

1.70

0.86

0.34

1.13

1.93

Standard Deviation

3.02

1.20

2.85

1.88

0.54

0.30

1.50

2.43

Minimum

0.00

0.02

0.00

0.06

0.10

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

14.51

4.60

14.51

7.80

2.15

1.18

7.80

14.51

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of manure disposal

Mean

0.02

0.00

0.01

0.06

0.01

0.00

0.03

0.02

Standard Deviation

0.09

0.00

0.08

0.15

0.01

0.00

0.11

0.10

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.78

0.00

0.78

0.74

0.04

0.01

0.74

0.78

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of disposal of dead animals

Mean

0.22

0.00

0.17

0.01

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.09

Standard Deviation

0.77

0.00

0.69

0.02

0.05

0.02

0.03

0.51

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

4.46

0.00

4.46

0.08

0.18

0.09

0.18

4.46

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Maintenance cost of waste disposal facilities

Mean

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.07

0.01

0.01

0.04

0.02

Standard Deviation

0.02

0.00

0.02

0.35

0.03

0.07

0.25

0.17

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.13

0.00

0.13

2.38

0.12

0.37

2.38

2.38

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Depreciation of equipment for waste

Mean

0.04

0.03

0.04

0.03

0.04

0.01

0.02

0.03

Standard Deviation

0.07

0.05

0.07

0.04

0.08

0.02

0.04

0.06

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.41

0.14

0.41

0.18

0.28

0.06

0.28

0.41

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Compensation to neighbors

Mean

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Standard Deviation

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Transport cost for waste disposal

Mean

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Standard Deviation

0.03

0.00

0.02

0.03

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.02

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.24

0.00

0.24

0.19

0.04

0.06

0.19

0.24

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Tax/license fee

Mean

0.05

0.00

0.04

0.02

0.03

0.01

0.02

0.03

Standard Deviation

0.21

0.00

0.19

0.08

0.09

0.03

0.07

0.15

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

1.61

0.00

1.61

0.51

0.38

0.15

0.51

1.61

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Pollution permits

Mean

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Standard Deviation

0.02

0.00

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.00

0.01

0.01

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.13

0.00

0.13

0.07

0.03

0.02

0.07

0.13

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Total waste disposal cost

Mean

0.33

0.03

0.27

0.18

0.12

0.05

0.13

0.20

Standard Deviation

0.88

0.05

0.79

0.40

0.13

0.09

0.30

0.62

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

4.92

0.14

4.92

2.56

0.39

0.48

2.56

4.92

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Cost of maintaining breeding stock

Mean

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Standard Deviation

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Maximum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Total variable cost

Mean

39.53

1.72

31.62

37.29

34.40

1.16

25.61

28.80

Standard Deviation

13.74

1.47

19.70

13.39

8.21

0.85

19.35

19.72

Minimum

18.66

0.05

0.05

16.54

22.67

0.23

0.23

0.05

Maximum

89.66

5.70

89.66

69.71

48.09

3.19

69.71

89.66

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Profit

Mean

26.69

2.08

21.54

19.43

20.37

2.33

14.31

18.15

Standard Deviation

19.77

3.57

20.29

11.55

8.64

1.26

12.08

17.29

Minimum

-9.87

-4.53

-9.87

-2.96

2.59

-0.10

-2.96

-9.87

Maximum

93.90

10.44

93.90

42.29

39.66

6.43

42.29

93.90

Count

87.00

23.00

110.00

50.00

17.00

30.00

97.00

207.00

Price per kilogram of slaughter hogs

Mean

52.81

56.63

53.89

52.55

52.91


52.65

53.34

Standard Deviation

6.83

4.62

6.49

3.31

5.01


3.79

5.47

Minimum

43.75

47.00

43.75

46.00

45.00

0.00

45.00

43.75

Maximum

90.91

67.00

90.91

61.00

62.50

0.00

62.50

90.91

Count

58.00

23.00

81.00

48.00

17.00

0.00

65.00

146.00

Proxy price for contract growers

Mean






52.49

52.49

52.49

Standard Deviation






2.06

2.06

2.06

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

49.33

49.33

49.33

Maximum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

56.38

56.38

56.38

Count

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

30.00

30.00

30.00

Price per kilogram of piglet (output)

Mean

94.03


94.03

97.47

112.37


102.44

97.47

Standard Deviation

23.10


23.10

22.31

34.05


27.08

24.96

Minimum

66.67

0.00

66.67

50.00

80.00

0.00

50.00

50.00

Maximum

150.00

0.00

150.00

136.84

187.50

0.00

187.50

187.50

Count

39.00

0.00

39.00

18.00

9.00

0.00

27.00

66.00

Price of weanling acquisition (buy)

Mean

78.65

87.20

85.00





85.00

Standard Deviation

18.78

30.34

27.78





27.78

Minimum

48.00

53.33

48.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

48.00

Maximum

104.35

190.48

190.48

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

190.48

Count

8.00

23.00

31.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

31.00

Proxy for contract grower with no price of weanlings

Mean






86.71

86.71

86.71

Standard Deviation






8.13

8.13

8.13

Minimum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

80.01

80.01

80.01

Maximum

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

99.83

99.83

99.83

Count

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

30.00

30.00

30.00


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