Previous Page Table of Contents Next Page


Tables (6.16-6.22)


Table 6.16 Problem in Feeds Purchasing and Changes in the Feed Formula




FARMSIZE

Total

Small

Medium low

Medium high

Large

Do you have any problems when buying the feeds?



Price (Price is to high)

Count

5

7

5

7

24

% of Total

2.9

4.0

2.9

4.0

13.8

Unstable quality of the feed (low quality)

Count


4

2


6

% of Total


2.3

1.1


3.4

The feeds are infected by bacterial

Count


10

7

13

30

% of Total


5.7

4.0

7.5

17.2

The time between order and delivery is took too long

Count


1

3

1

5

% of Total


0.6

1.7

0.6

2.9

No problem

Count

16

47

24

21

108

% of Total

9.2

27.0

13.8

12.1

62.1

Other

Count


1



1

% of Total


0.6



0.6

Total


Count

21

70

41

42

174

% of Total

12.1

40.2

23.6

24.1

100.0

Since last year, have you ever changed the feeds formula or brand of the feeds

Change the mixture

Count

7

13

13

21

54

% of Total

4.0

7.5

7.5

12.1

31.0

Never change

Count

14

45

27

19

105

% of Total

8.0

25.9

15.5

10.9

60.3

Contractor supply the all feeds

Count


12

1

2

15

% of Total


6.9

0.6

1.1

8.6

Total


Count

21

70

41

42

174

% of Total

12.1

40.2

23.6

24.1

100.0

Why do you change the mixture of the feeds or brands?

Increasing price in raw materials

Count

1

3

6

11

21

% of Total

1.9

5.6

11.1

20.4

38.9

Better quality

Count

5

7

5

8

25

% of Total

9.3

13.0

9.3

14.8

46.3

Price of other brand is cheaper

Count

1

3

2

1

7

% of Total

1.9

5.6

3.7

1.9

13.0

Other

Count




1

1

% of Total




1.9

1.9

Total


Count

7

13

13

21

54

% of Total

13.0

24.1

24.1

38.9

100.0

Source: TDRI, Livestock Farm Survey, December 2002

Table 6.17(a) No. of Suppliers of Piglets, Sows, Sire and Semen




Province

Total

Chon Buri

Chachoengsao

Lop buri

Nakhon Ratchaima

SaraBuri

How many suppliers for piglets do you have?

.........supplier

1

Count

11

7

16

3

1

38

% of Total

15.9

10.1

23.2

4.3

1.4

55.1

2

Count


7

1

2


10

% of Total


10.1

1.4

2.9


14.5

3

Count


5


1

1

7

% of Total


7.2


1.4

1.4

10.1

4

Count


3

1


1

5

% of Total


4.3

1.4


1.4

7.2

5

Count


3

1



4

% of Total


4.3

1.4



5.8

6

Count

1

2




3

% of Total

1.4

2.9




4.3

10

Count


2




2

% of Total


2.9




2.9

Total


Count

12

29

19

6

3

69

% of Total

17.4

42.0

27.5

8.7

4.3

100.0

Table 6.17(b) No. of Suppliers of Piglets, Sows, Sire and Semen




Province

Total

Chon Buri

Chachoengsao

Lop buri

Nakhon Ratchaima

SaraBuri

How many suppliers of sow and sire do you have?

.........supplier


1

Count

15

17

12

8

4

56

% of Total

14.7

16.7

11.8

7.8

3.9

54.9

2

Count

3

13

3

3

3

25

% of Total

2.9

12.7

2.9

2.9

2.9

24.5

3

Count

3

7

2


1

13

% of Total

2.9

6.9

2.0


1.0

12.7

4

Count

1

2

1


1

5

% of Total

1.0

2.0

1.0


1.0

4.9

5

Count


1


1


2

% of Total


1.0


1.0


2.0

9

Count


1




1

% of Total


1.0




1.0

Total


Count

22

41

18

12

9

102

% of Total

21.6

40.2

17.6

11.8

8.8

100.0

Where do you buy the semen for artificial insemination?




Breeder farms

Count

4

10

4

2

1

21

% of Total

2.3

5.7

2.3

1.1

0.6

12.1

Contractors

Count

11


8

1

2

22

% of Total

6.3


4.6

0.6

1.1

12.6

Department of livestock

Count


1


1


2

% of Total


0.6


0.6


1.1

Produce it yourself

Count

11

32

9

12

6

70

% of Total

6.3

18.4

5.2

6.9

3.4

40.2

Never use it (only breed fatten swine)

Count

12

26

17

3


58

% of Total

6.9

14.9

9.8

1.7


33.3

use sow

Count



1



1

% of Total



0.6



0.6

Total


Count

38

70

39

19

9

174

% of Total

21.8

40.2

22.4

10.9

5.2

100.0

Source: TDRI, Livestock Farm Survey, December 2002

Table 6.18 Feed Conversion Ratios

Farm size

FCR

Death rates of Fattened pigs (%)

Questionnaire

Calculate

0.1-2

2-4

4-6

6-8

8-10

>10

Small

2.18

1.76

-

-

-

-

-

-

Medium Low

2.17

1.91

-

-

-

-

-

-

Medium High

2.62

1.92

-

-

-

-

-

-

Large

2.54

2.41

-

-

-

-

-

-

Total

2.43

2.21

28

18

29

10

23

5

Type of Farm









Independent Farm

2.59

2.31







Contract Farm

1.65

1.32







Hired Farm (Baht/Head)

2.43

1.95







Source: TDRI, Livestock Farm Survey, December 2002

Table 6.19 Drug Usage


Anti-biotic

Vaccine

Disinfectant

Worm laxalion

Total

Farm

%

Farm

%

Farm

%

Farm

%

Farm

%

Farm size

Small (1-100)

16

11.3

6

9.1

18

13.7

17

11.6

57

11.7

Median low (101-500)

48

33.8

19

28.8

48

36.6

61

41.5

176

36.2

Median high (501-1000)

37

26.1

19

28.8

30

22.9

34

23.1

120

24.7

large (>1000)

41

28.9

22

33.3

35

26.7

35

23.8

133

27.4

Total

142

100

66

100

131

100

147

100

486

100

Type of Farm

Company Farm











Independent Farm

100

70.4

58

87.9

111

84.7

108

73.5

377

77.6

Hire Farm

42

29.6

8

12.1

26

19.8

39

26.5

115

23.7

Total

142

100

66

100

131

100

147

100

486

100

Province

Chonburi

30

21.1

13

19.7

28

21.4

30

20.4

101

20.8

Chachoengsao

55

38.7

38

57.6

61

46.6

58

39.5

212

43.6

Lopburi

36

25.4

8

12.1

19

14.5

34

23.1

97

20.0

Nakhonratsima

14

9.9

4

6.1

15

11.5

16

10.9

49

10.1

Saraburi

7

4.9

3

4.5

8

6.1

9

6.1

27

5.6

Total

142

100

66

100

131

100

147

100

486

100

Source: TDRI, Livestock Farm Survey, December 2002

Table 6.20 Number of Farms Affected by Communicable Diseases During the Last Three Years

(Percent)



Farm Size

Total

No.

Small

Medium Low

Medium High

Large

%

1. Diseases


F&M

2.9

1.7

4.0

6.3

14.9

26

Hog cholera

-

1.7

2.3

1.7

5.7

10

Aujisky

-

4.0

3.4

2.9

10.3

18

Mycoplasma

0.6

3.4

3.4

2.9

10.3

18

Parvo Virus

-

1.1

1.1

1.7

4.0

7

Others

1.1

2.9

3.4

4.0

11.5

20

Brucellosis

(10.5)

(5.3)

(15.8)

(15.8)

(47.4)

(9)

2. Reaction to disease


Vaccinating

4.6

12.1

8.6

11.5

36.8

64

Using anti-biotic

2.9

8.6

3.4

6.3

21.3

37

Employing veterinarian

1.7

2.9

1.7

3.4

9.8

17

Employing animal husbandry

-

1.7

1.1

0.6

3.4

6

Seeking help from gov't

1.1

3.4

0.6

0.6

5.7

10

Others

4.6

13.8

8.0

9.2

35.6

62

Source: TDRI, Livestock Farm Survey, December 2002

Table 6.21 Mortality Rates of Piglets and Fattening Swine

Rate(%)

Small

Medium Low

Medium High

Large

Total

no.

%

1. Fattened Swine

13

33

33

34

113

100

0.01-2

6

5

9

8

28

24.6

2-4

2

6

2

8

18

16

4-6

2

11

9

7

29

25.7

6-8

0

4

3

3

10

8.8

8-10

2

5

8

8

23

20.4

>10

1

2

2

0

5

4.5

2. Piglets & Culling

20

50

19

24

113

100

0.01-2

8

18

5

6

37

32.8

2-4

3

4

2

4

13

11.5

4-6

1

8

3

6

18

16

6-8

0

3

2

0

5

4.5

8-10

1

8

3

7

19

16.8

>10

7

9

4

1

21

18.4

Source: TDRI, Livestock Farm Survey, December 2002

Table 6.22 What is the Main Causes of the Death among the Fattening Swine Farms




Province

Total

Chon Buri

Chachoengsao

Lop buri

Nakhon Ratchaima

SaraBuri

What is the main cause of the death among the fattening swine

Epidermic

Count

3

5

1

1


10

% of Total

1.7

2.9

0.6

0.6


5.7

Illness

Count

20

32

19

9

4

84

% of Total

11.5

18.4

10.9

5.2

2.3

48.3

Accidents

Count


2

3

2

1

8

% of Total


1.1

1.7

1.1

0.6

4.6

Bitten by

Count




1


1

% of Total




0.6


0.6

Injuries

Count


4

1



5

% of Total


2.3

0.6



2.9

bite each other

Count

3

8

5

1


17

% of Total

1.7

4.6

2.9

0.6


9.8

unstable weather condition

Count

2

4




6

% of Total

1.1

2.3




3.4

do not grow fattened pigs

Count

9

15

10

5

4

43

% of Total

5.2

8.6

5.7

2.9

2.3

24.7

Total


Count

37

70

39

19

9

174

% of Total

21.3

40.2

22.4

10.9

5.2

100.0

Source: TDRI, Livestock Farm Survey, December 2002


Previous Page Top of Page Next Page