Frequently Asked Questions about results-based management

What is results-based management?

Results-based management is a way of managing whereby an organization ensures that all of its processes, products and services contribute to the achievement of desired results. It depends on clearly defined accountability for results, and requires systematic monitoring, self-assessment and reporting on progress.

How does results-based management differ from results-based budgeting?

The two terms are often used interchangeably, but results-based budgeting is really a subset of results-based management. It focuses on the process of linking budgetary allocations to desired results. Results-based management goes significantly beyond, looking at the overall organizational management environment and culture, including human resources management.

Hasn't FAO always been working to achieve results?

Managing to achieve results is not new. But results-based management, provides improved focus and prioritization of all of FAO's work, systematically linking activities carried out by all units at all locations and under all funding sources, with the overall goals of Members.

What difference will this make in terms of the Organization's performance?

In the new planning approach, Strategic Programmes Teams, composed of staff at headquarters and in the field lead the development of planned achievements and performance indicators. In addition to promoting ownership and accountability, this approach leads to more realistic set of plans that can be monitored as part of the overall management process. Critical performance information can be used to make any needed adjustments.

Which results are measured?

The strategic results framework consists of high-level goals of Members, and a linked set of Strategic Objectives and Organizational Outcomes and Outputs. At a corporate level, the focus will be on measuring FAO's achievement against the Organizational Outputs and Outcomes - providing evidence of how the products and services resulted in Outputs for which FAO is accountable, and the extent to which they have been taken up by countries and the global community and result in Outcomes - that is, change at country level to which FAO contributed. The performance of individual employees is linked to products/services and outputs, as is the evaluation of employee performance.