Crop Protection Programme continues to address the prevention and reduction of pest damage and pesticide associated risks to human health and the environment. It supports national programmes through global and inter-regional action and includes contributions to the international regulatory and cooperative frameworks related to plant health. High priority is given to the International plan Protection Convention (IPPC), in particular standard setting, information exchange and capacity building, the Rotterdam Convention, the international Code of Conduct on the distribution and Use of Pesticides, pesticides standards, IPM policy and implementation. Regulatory and policy aspects of pest and pesticide management are consolidated into one entity including joint FAO/UNEP Secretariat of the Rotterdam Convention. Field programmes in pesticide management reflect the life cycle management approach.
The following constitute the main programmes:
- Initiative to upgrade of border points in Africa to improve phytosanitary control.
- A project for the creation of a Centre of Phytosanitary Excellence in Nairobi to support national phytosanitary development in Africa has been formulated and submitted to the WTO-STDF for funding. A similar centre for West Africa is being investigated in that period.
- Fruit flies project will be implemented in conjunction with other development partners.
- The Life Cycle approach will be used to foster improved management of pesticides in the field. At the national level all efforts will be encouraged towards an integrated Chemicals Management programme taking into consideration the harmonization of the implementation of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions.
- The second phase of the Netherlands-funded FAO project GCP/RAF/009/NET Sub-Regional Programme for IPPM through Farmer Field Schools: Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal (US$9.5millio) began in June 2006 . This will be joined by the Global Environment Fund (GEF) co-financed project entitled Reducing Dependence on POPs and other Agro-Chemicals in the Senegal and Niger River Basins through Integrated Production, Pest and Pollution Management (US$4.3 million in Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Benin.
- IPM Policy workshops and mainstreaming of farmer filed school approach.
- Development and training of a cadre of consultants to support the programme in the field.
- Initiative to host a regional symposium on invasive species.
- Phytosanitary capacity building at national level, with special emphasis on pest risk analysis and surveillance.
- The programme of work for the Rotterdam Convention includes development of elements of national plans for countries. A meeting of French speaking DNAs has taken place. The fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties took place in October 2008 in Rome which reviewed progress in implementation of the Convention and adopted a programme of work and budget for technical assistance for 2009-2010.
- Phase 2 of the ASP is expanded to bring up to 15 additional African countries in to the programme. Funds are currently being sought for this expansion. In addition FAO will continue to support desert locust impacted countries in the sound management of pesticide stocks, empty containers and environmental contamination. The obsolete pesticides programme is also closely integrated into the wider aspects of the Plant Protection Service and implements field programmes for improved pest and pesticide management.
- The EMPRES Programme will include the fight against wheat rust, bacterial wilt of bananas and desert locust. Like in 2006-07, FAO Locust Programme for 2008-09 will put emphasis on preventive control within EMPRES-WR Programme (which ends in 2009) as well as pesticides stocks management in the region. Human health and environment protection will also constitute an important issue, which includes further development of alternatives to chemical control, taking into account the workplan defined in February 2007 in Saly (Senegal).
Events for 2009
- COPE” Centre of Phytosaniatry Excellence” Project management meetings- February- April- October 2009
- ONE-AGP Consultation to harmonize work programme of AGP February 2009
- Follow up National Action Plan Workshop for the Implementation of Rotterdam Convention ongoing. South Africa March 2009 , Gabon April 2009
- Phytosanitary capacity building at national level ongoing Gambia, Swaziland, Tanzania.
- Pan-SPSO Management Committee meetings February, July 2009
- Meeting of the Commission of Phytosanitary Measures 30 March - 3 April 2009 2009
- IPM/Pesticide management workshop Ghana April 2009
- Pesticide management workshop for Registrars South Africa May 2009
Calendar 2009 – SPS Regional Activities
- Week 8 June: WTO regional SPS workshop in Lesotho (2008 activity) – in English
- Week 15 June: WTO regional SPS workshop in Mali - in French
- Week 13 July: PAN-SPSO regional workshop for the African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) – in English
- Week 20 July: PAN-SPSO regional workshop for the African Regional Economic Communities (RECs) – in French
- Week 5 October: WTO regional SPS workshop in Ghana – in English
- WTO/SPS workshop in Lesotho June 2009
- Phytosanitary Capacity Evaluation tool development Zambia June 22 -26 2009
- Draft ISPMs workshop coordinated through IAPSC with support of the regional office Addis Ababa 27-30 July 2009
- 10th International conference Ecology and management of Alien Plant Invasions South Africa 23 - 27August 2009
- Fruit flies coordination meeting Ghana November 2009
Joyce Mulila Mitti
Crop Protection Officer
FAO Regional Office for Africa
Gamel Abdul Nasser Road
Tel: +233 30 2675000 ext. 41630
Fax: +233 30 27010943