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FAO contributes to strengthening capacities for monitoring and reporting on food security within the 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development.

Farming in Africa (Photos: @FAO)

Workshops on monitoring food security, 28-29 November, Kigali

In September 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Commitment to eliminate hunger and malnutrition was placed at the center of the New Agenda and well reflected in the SDG 2 (End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture). Within this context, the FAO Regional Office for Africa in collaboration with the FAO Statistics Division conducted a workshop on food security measurement in Kigali on November 28 to 29.

The workshop was attended by the monitoring and evaluation officers and food security officers from the FAO African resilience hubs (Johannesburg, Nairobi, and Dakar), country resilience teams (Uganda, Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Ethiopia) and Regional Economic Communities (SADC and EAC.)

The objective of the workshops was to present the SDG indicators 2.1.1 Prevalence of Undernourishment (PoU) and 2.1.2 Prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity, based on the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES) for which FAO is custodian. It also aimed at promoting the inclusion of the FIES and food consumption modules in national surveys for monitoring SDG target 2.1 and for evaluating projects directed to reduce food insecurity.

The workshop intended to contribute to facilitate and improve data collection as well as food security measurement, with specific reference to SDG-2 At the continental level, SDGs are well reflected in the African Union’s Agenda 2063, which presents the vision for the Continent’s development and Malabo commitments adopted in 2014 to eliminate the hunger with a more ambitious Malabo horizon of 2025.

The main results

The meeting discussed how PoU and FIES indicators fit into the SDG monitoring process and why they are important tools for food security monitoring. The capacities to advocate with national government leaders and other institutions engaged in food security assessment for the inclusion of the FIES and food consumption modules in national surveys for monitoring SDG target 2.1 have been then strengthened.

During the workshop, representatives had the opportunity to share experiences and information on several issues, among which mainstreaming SDGs into the national plans; monitoring the SDG process from the field perspective; typical food security assessment activities in the countries and main national as well as regional institutions involved in food security assessment.  In addition, the participants discussed possible synergies in food security assessment and challenges in the inclusion of food consumption and FIES modules in national representative surveys.

As a result of these discussions, a plan for a better coordination and communication among FAO and Regional Economic Communities to advocate for the inclusion of SDGs 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 in nationally representative surveys have been developed. Finally, a list of requests for technical assistance on food security measurement from the represented institutions has been prepared with a specific action plan for data collection, analysis and reporting for SDGs 2.1.1 and 2.1.2 that will be implemented by the FAO Food Security and Nutrition Statistics team in the following months.

The workshop followed two other workshops organized in Addis Ababa, Ethiopa in October 2017 where officials of National Statistic Offices and Ministries of Agriculture in 24 African countries were trained on the same subject.

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