African agriculture transformation
Africa needs to ensure that stable economic growth translates into more and better employment opportunities in order to benefit people, reduce poverty and eradicate hunger. Tapping into the economic potential of youth represents a tremendous opportunity to help drive rural transformation, and reduce rural poverty among youths and adults alike.
In 2007, African Heads of State and Government endorsed the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative with the objective of tackling the detrimental social, economic and environmental impacts of land degradation and desertification in the region. This initiative covers more than 20 African countries, including Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, the Gambia, Senegal, Sudan and Togo.
According to FAO’s Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) report (2010), and its State of the World Forest report (2011), the drivers of deforestation in Africa remain, principally: conversion of forest land to agriculture and settlements; forest fires; illegal cutting; and climate change, limiting forest growth and reforestation in the dry lands of the continent.
Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing has been on the increase due to overcapacity in fishing fleets and insufficient surveillance capacities of countries. Research, improved data collection, and regular national and regional scientific surveys to ensure more reliable information for the assessment of stocks and for scientific advice remain urgent.
Africa Solidarity Trust Fund
The Africa Solidarity Trust Fund was endorsed at the 27th FAO Regional Conference for Africa held in April 2012 in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo, and officially launched during the 38th Session of the FAO Conference in June 2013. It was established for and by African governments and partners. Its goal is to pool resources from Africa’s strongest economies and use them across the continent to implement national and regional food security initiatives within the framework of the African Union’s Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP).