The Fund’s main goal is to strengthen food security across the continent by assisting countries and their regional organizations to eradicate hunger and malnutrition. It is a unique financing mechanism that pools resources from Africa’s strongest economies to support national and regional initiatives. The Africa Solidarity Trust Fund will be instrumental in building Africa’s Zero Hunger Generation, the first generation with the tools and the capacity to end hunger. Officially launched in 2013, with a total contribution of USD 40 million mainly from Equatorial Guinea and Angola, the Fund is helping people in over 36 African countries.
African agriculture transformation
Africa needs to ensure that stable economic growth translates into more and better employment opportunities in order to benefit people, reduce poverty and eradicate hunger. Tapping into the economic potential of youth represents a tremendous opportunity to help drive rural transformation, and reduce rural poverty among youths and adults alike.
In 2007, African Heads of State and Government endorsed the Great Green Wall for the Sahara and the Sahel Initiative with the objective of tackling the detrimental social, economic and environmental impacts of land degradation and desertification in the region. This initiative covers more than 20 African countries, including Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, the Gambia, Senegal, Sudan and Togo.
According to FAO’s Forest Resources Assessment (FRA) report (2010), and its State of the World Forest report (2011), the drivers of deforestation in Africa remain, principally: conversion of forest land to agriculture and settlements; forest fires; illegal cutting; and climate change, limiting forest growth and reforestation in the dry lands of the continent.
Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing has been on the increase due to overcapacity in fishing fleets and insufficient surveillance capacities of countries. Research, improved data collection, and regular national and regional scientific surveys to ensure more reliable information for the assessment of stocks and for scientific advice remain urgent.