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FAO Regional Office for Africa
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This initiative aims to improving institutional capacity for resilience and responding to disasters and crises at regional ,national and community level. In addition, it strengthens and improves early warning and information management.

It builds on current expertise and programmes and provide opportunities for innovation, exchange of knowledge, and inclusiveness (Gender, Youth, etc.), ensuring sustainability of humanitarian and development intervention.

Building Resilience in Africa’s Drylands

Frequent shocks have eroded agricultural productivity across much of Africa, undermining the food security of over 800 million people who rely on crops, livestock, fisheries and forests for their livelihoods.

Those most exposed include smallholder farmers, pastoralists and agropastoralists living in Africa’s drylands, where recurrent drought cycles, conflict, socio-economic crises and transboundary plant and animal pests and diseases exacerbate high levels of poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition.

FAO’s resilience initiative in the region therefore focuses on strengthening the resilience of vulnerable people in these drylands to threats and crises. The approach builds on existing experience and involves strong collaboration with similar activities and partnerships in the region, such as the Global Alliance for Resilience Initiative (AGIR) in the Sahel and the Supporting Horn of Africa Resilience (SHARE) initiatives.

FAO is committed to promoting resilience policies and strategies that address the different needs and experiences of men, women, boys and girls and promote equal access to and control over resources and incomes.

The initiative focuses on increasing resilience in the Sahel (Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger), the Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan) and Southern Africa (Zimbabwe). FAO’s approach involves:

  • Strengthening institutional capacity and policy development for risk prevention/reduction and resilience
  • Monitoring risk and providing early warning (e.g. through tools such as Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, Cadre harmonisé and Resilience Index Measurement and Analysis); as well managing transboundary threats
  • Community-level resilience building and vulnerability reduction articulated around three pillars: technology, financial and social (e.g climate-smart agriculture, sustainable natural resource management, village savings and loans, community contingency funds and community empowerment)
  • Preparing to respond when shocks are unavoidable – contingency planning, emergency response interventions, and coordination